Focusing on the rich biodiversity of Costa Rica, the contributors demonstrate the use of geographic information systems (GIS) to enhance conservation efforts. They give an overview of the spatial nature of conservation and management and the current status of digital mapping in Costa Rica; a review of the basic principles behind digital mapping technologies; a series of case studies using these technologies at a variety of scales and for a range of conservation and management activities; and the results of the Costa Rican gap analysis project....
Eastern Sea of Vietnam is the world's largest semi-open sea and is bounded by archipelagos, islands, mainland and connected partially with Pacific and Indian Ocean. Its total water surface area is about 2,974,600km2. Vietnamese and foreign geoscientists have researched, got samples and mapped the geological map of Eastern Sea since 1960s but no guidance or right method was carried out to map, especially in presenting geological units on geological map.
This book is structured in three parts. In Part I, we aim to sensitise you,
the reader, to the complex issues that challenge qualitative researchers
at the planning stage of their projects. In Part II, the challenge of using
different methodologies in practice is critically explored by 15 authors
who share their individual research experiences. Part III examines the
choices we make when we evaluate and present research.
We hope you will find this book both exciting and helpful. Inevitably,
there are many gaps in terms of topics and issues covered, and methodologies
Suppose you are a rising star at work and the boss has given you your first assignment to head up
a project. Depending on the nature of the project and what kind of work you do, you might have to
engage in a variety of tasks that you haven't tackled before, such as assembling a team to
complete the project on time and on budget, mapping out a plan and monitoring your progress at
key steps along the way, using appropriate planning tools such as project management software
or wall charts, and keeping your team motivated and on target....
inaccuracies lead to the deviation of operational space trajectory provided by the kinematic
One method to deal with this issue can be found in an adaptive control. Xu and Gu
proposed an adaptive control scheme for space robots in both joint space and operational
space [Xu et al., 1992, Gu & Xu, 1993]. However, the adaptive control proposed in [Xu et al.,
1992] requires perfect attitude control and the adaptive control in [Gu & Xu, 1993] is
developed based on an under-actuated system on the assumption that the acceleration of the
base-satellite is measurable.
Microsoft Dynamics CRM 2011 provides a range of customization capabilities.
This chapter provides an introduction to the CRM application architecture before
we learn the different customization capabilities in depth, in later chapters.
We'll discuss the different application tiers and how they can be customized to meet the particular needs of your business.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học Journal of Biology đề tài: Mapping quantitative trait loci in outcross populations via residual maximum likelihood. I. Methodology
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Mapping new theoretical and methodological terrain for knowledge translation: contributions from critical realism and the arts
This book includes several geomorphological studies up-to-date, incorporating different disciplines and methodologies, always focused on methods, tools and general issues of environmental and applied geomorphology.
Oracle has focused development around a single source code model since 1983.
While each database implementation includes some operating system–specific
source code at very low levels in order to better leverage specific platforms, the inter-
faces that users, developers, and administrators deal with for each version are consis-
LE-PAROLE project for the morphological and syntactic layers, the LE-SIMPLE project for the semantic model and lexicon and the Italian project CLIPS 2 for the phonological level and the extension of the lexical coverage. The theoretical model underlying this lexicon is based on the EAGLES recommendations, on the results of the EWN and ACQUILEX projects and on a revised version of Pustejovsky’s Generative Lexicon theory (Pustejovsky 1995).
This is a watershed moment in the field of neuroimaging. At least three emerging
trends have been slowly reframing the field for the last five years. Each one of these
trends intersects with a foundational issue in human brain mapping, affecting the measurement
or methodological or theoretical nature of the overall field. First are methodological
problems that have arisen concerning nonindependence of samples—in effect
the lack of cross-validation procedures applied in the field, especially in social neuroscience
Changes in the use of land reflect a variety of environmental and social factors, necessitating an equally varied suite of data to be used for effective analysis. While remote sensing, both from satellites and air photos, provides a central resource for study, socio-economic surveys, censuses, and map sources also supply a wealth of valid information. Land Use Change: Science, Policy and Management presents spacial theories and methodologies that support an integrated approach to the analysis of land use change.
Bayesian Estimation Theory: Basic Definitions Bayesian Estimation The Estimate–Maximise Method Cramer–Rao Bound on the Minimum Estimator Variance Design of Mixture Gaussian Models Bayesian Classification Modeling the Space of a Random Process Summary
ayesian estimation is a framework for the formulation of statistical inference problems. In the prediction or estimation of a random process from a related observation signal, the Bayesian philosophy is based on combining the evidence contained in the signal with prior knowledge of the probability distribution of the process.
The ARIES methodology is based on
explicit conceptualizations (ontologies:
Villa, Athanasiadis et al. 2009) that lay
out first of all a novel vision of ES,
based on the breakdown into individual
benefits, each of which is modeled
independently, then linked to the others.
Domain ontologies in ARIES result
from a large-scale expert consensus.
Artificial intelligence techniques
(machine reasoning, pattern recognition)
examine source data and extract from
the ontologies models that best represent
the situation at hand.
Socio-Ecological Landscape Units (SELU) are
produced in turn from LCFU and other geographical
dimensions such as relief, belonging to a river basin,
or proximity to the sea. LCFU are agglomerated with
a methodology which maps dominant land‑cover
types. Large forests or agricultural areas will
constitute a SELU in their own right while smaller
units will be part of a larger zone characterised by
its dominant land cover. The Dominant Land Cover
Types are then classified according to river basins
and relief classes (e.g. coastal, lowland, highland,
This work develops the geometry and dynamics of mechanical systems with
nonholonomic constraints and symmetry from the perspective of Lagrangian me-
chanics and with a view to control-theoretical applications. The basic methodology
is that of geometric mechanics applied to the Lagrange-d’Alembert formulation,
generalizing the use of connections and momentum maps associated with a given
symmetry group to this case.