Xem 1-20 trên 29 kết quả Market boundaries
  • BOUNDARY BEHAVIOR OF LEADERS ORGANIZATION: DEFINITION AND SCALE DEVELOPMENT My test of parental valuations requires data describing the distribution of peer groups and outcomes across schools within housing markets that differ in the amount of Tiebout choice. I describe first my measure of market structure, defined over district-level enrollment.

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  • No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in or introduced into a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form, or by any means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise), without the prior permission of the publisher. Requests for permission should be directed to permissions@hbsp.harvard.edu, or mailed to Permissions, Harvard Business School Publishing, 60 Harvard Way, Boston, Massachusetts 02163.

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  • When we began as editors of Lawrence Erlbaum Associates’ Organization and Management Series, our lofty aim was to publish works, both theoretical and empirical ones, that would nudge the boundaries of organization studies. Lord and Brown’s book admirably achieves this aim. The authors present an innovative theory that, we predict, will drive empirical research. The theory supplies a new way to think about an old topic, leadership. It does so by drawing heavily on ideas about social cognition and self-regulation. Reading Lord and Brown’s book is truly eye-opening. Enjoy the adventure....

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  • Projects have been in existence for thousands of years, dating back as far as Egyptian civilization and the construction of the pyramids. It is only recently that project management practices have evolved to the status of a discipline with proper methodology, tools, and techniques. Today, the need for efficient and effective management of projects within the organization comes about as a result of the increased competition in the marketplace.

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  • Basic principles underlying the transactions of financial markets are tied to probability and statistics. Accordingly it is natural that books devoted to mathematical finance are dominated by stochastic methods. Only in recent years, spurred by the enormous economical success of financial derivatives, a need for sophisticated computational technology has developed. For example, to price an American put, quantitative analysts have asked for the numerical solution of a free-boundary partial differential equation.

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  • In a world of geo-political, social and economic uncertainty, strategic financial management is in a process of change, which requires a reassessment of the fundamental assumptions that cut across the traditional boundaries of the subject. Read on and you will not only appreciate the major components of contemporary finance but also find the subject much more accessible for future reference.

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  • When we began as editors of Lawrence Erlbaum Associates’ Organization and Management Series, our lofty aim was to publish works, both theoretical and empirical ones, that would nudge the boundaries of organization studies. Lord and Brown’s book admirably achieves this aim. The authors present an innovative theory that, we predict, will drive empirical research. The theory supplies a new way to think about an old topic, leadership. It does so by drawing heavily on ideas about social cognition and self-regulation. Reading Lord and Brown’s book is truly eye-opening. Enjoy the adventure....

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  • Tham khảo bài thuyết trình 'chapter 20: personal selling', kinh doanh - tiếp thị, internet marketing phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • Using these examples and broadened conceptual boundaries, the authors proudly proclaimed that, "marketing has taken a new lease on life and tied its economic activity to a higher social purpose" (Kotler & Levy 1969, p15). One eminent marketing academic was quick to attempt to temper such ambitious claims. He was concerned that when views were propounded by such prominent authors as Kot ler and Levy their uncritical acceptance seemed likely, so contrary opinions needed a vigorous voice (Luck 1969).

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu khoa học ngành toán học được đăng trên tạp chí toán học quốc tế đề tài: Effect of boundary conditions on stochastic Ising-like financial market price model

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  • The seat or seal rings provide the seating surface for the disk. In some designs, the body is machined to serve as the seating surface and seal rings are not used. In other designs, forged seal rings are threaded or welded to the body to provide the seating surface. To improve the wear-resistance of the seal rings, the surface is often hard-faced by welding and then machining the contact surface of the seal ring. A fine surface finish of the seating area is necessary for good sealing when the valve is closed.

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  • Although some maize is consumed in the forest zone, it is not a leading food staple and much of the crop is sold. The major cash crop in the forest is cocoa. Annual rainfall in the forest zone averages about 1,500 mm; maize is planted both in the major rainy season (beginning in March) and in the minor rainy season (beginning in September). (3) Transition zone. Moving further north, the forest zone gradually gives way to the transition zone.

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  • Search engines were invented to break down web sites’ barriers, letting users query the whole Web rather than multiple sites separately. However, as search engines cannot access to the struc- tured databases within web sites, they can only offer unstructured, text-based search. So while each site (e.g., epicurious.com) can offer sophisticated structured browsing and searching experi- ence, that experience ends at the boundary of the site, beyond which the structures of the data within that site is lost.

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  • American Bioethics continues my exploration of the relationships between bioethics and law begun in Standard of Care: The Law of American Bioeth- ics and continued in Some Choice: Law, Medicine, and the Market. As with these earlier works, I benefited greatly from conversations, debates, com- ments, and criticisms of my colleagues in the Department of Health Law, Bioethics and Human Rights at the Boston University School of Public Health, most especially Leonard H. Glantz, Michael A. Grodin, Wendy K. Mariner, and Winnie Roche.

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  • How does the law of the European Union affect health law and policy? At first sight, the impact of EU law in this area seems limited. However, despite its restricted formal competence, over recent years, the EU has become increasingly involved in the health field. Litigation based on EU law has resulted in a ‘right to receive health care services’ across national boundaries within the EU, whichmay have huge prac- tical implications for national health systems.

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  • Banks operating in the main developed countries have been exposed, since the Seventies, to four significant drivers of change, mutually interconnected and mutually reinforcing. The first one is a stronger integration among national financial markets (such as stock markets and markets for interest rates and FX rates) which made it easier, for economic shocks, to spread across national boundaries.

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  • The global environment that charac- terises the business world highlights the importance of developing strate- gies that go beyond the geographical boundaries of one country. Wage-rate differentials, expanding foreign mar- kets and improved transportation break down barriers of time and space between countries and force the logistics function to take on a global dimension. Global logistics is the response to the increasing integration of international markets as firms try to remain competitive.

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  • Our model might be a useful instrument for both academics and practitioners who want to better understand consumer behavior; it may also serve as a basis to successfully create, market and monitor luxury brands or products in a cross- cultural context. Even if the world of luxury products is not homogeneous, we believe that the underlying consumer motives and desires transcend national boundaries in a structure that derives from the individual‘s situation and the luxury value dimensions.

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  • Before market segmentation can take place, the relevant market has to be defined, meaning the product related, geographical and temporal boundaries of that market have to be fixed. 21 Any such definition has to look at the market through the consum- ers’ eyes, because the consumer makes decisions based on the evaluation of alterna- tives and substitutes.

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  • The main findings of our initial research with regard to the structure of the European microfinance market are still valid. We are not going to repeat the analysis here but refer the interested reader to the details of the original paper (see Kraemer-Eis and Conforti, 2009). We can summarise our findings at the time in the following way:  SMEs constitute the backbone of entrepreneurship in the EU, irrespective of national boundaries. The majority of these companies are micro-enterprises; in the EU-27, 92% of the companies have fewer than 10 employees.

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