Chapter 3 provides knowledge of financial instruments, financial markets, and financial institutions. In this chapter we will survey the financial system in three steps: Financial instruments or securities, financial markets, financial institutions.
The calm before the storm? That question dominated the stage at the
seventh annual conference on emerging markets finance, cosponsored
by the World Bank and the Brookings Institution and held at Brookings in
late April 2005.
At the time of the conference, it had been a little less than eight years since
the onset of the Asian financial crisis, an event that had depression-like effects
throughout much of Asia and, for a time, seemed to threaten global economic
For many companies, the decision would have been
an easy “yes.” However, Ben & Jerry’s Homemade
Inc. has always taken pride in doing things
differently. Its profits had been declining, but in 1995
the company was offered an opportunity to sell its
premium ice cream in the lucrative Japanese market.
However, Ben & Jerry’s turned down the business
because the Japanese firm that would have distributed
their product had failed to develop a reputation for
promoting social causes! Robert Holland Jr.
Amjid Ali, senior manager, HSBC Amanah Global, believes that shariah finance is broadening
its appeal and reach—both among Muslims and non-Muslims—as a result of the banking and
financial crisis. Recognized as one of the most influential Muslims in the United Kingdom by the
Muslim Power 100 Awards, Ali has 22 years of branch banking experience with Midland Bank and
HSBC in the United Kingdom. In September 2003 he joined HSBC Amanah UK as senior business
development manager, with responsibility for raising the profile of Amanah Home Finance in
the United Kingdom.
This introductory chapter reviewed the basic operations of domestic and foreign financial markets and institutions. It described the ways in which funds flow through an economic system from lenders to borrowers and outlined the markets and instruments that lenders and borrowers employ to complete this process.
Chapter 23 - International transactions and currency values. In this chapter, you will explore the functions and roles performed by the international markets within the global financial system, you will see how international payments for goods and services are made and how international borrowing and lending can be tracked through a nation’s balance-of-payments accounts, you will come to understand how the values of national currencies (such as the dollar and the euro) are determined within the modern financial system.
Chapter 15 - Foreign exchange market: Participants and mechanics. In this chapter students will be able to: Identify participants in foreign exchange (FX) markets, describe functions and operations of FX markets, outline instruments traded in FX markets, explain conventions for quotation and calculation of exchange rates and forward exchange rates Identify participants in foreign exchange (FX) markets.
Chapter 2 - Determination of interest rates. This chapter reviewed the determinants of nominal interest rates and their effects on security prices and values in domestic and foreign financial markets. It described the way funds flow through the financial system from lenders to borrowers and how the level of interest rates and its movements over time are determined. The chapter also introduced theories regarding the determination of the shape of the term structure of interest rates.
Chapter 19 - Types of risks incurred by financial institutions. This chapter provided an overview of the major risks that modern FIs face. FIs face interest rate risk when the maturities of their assets and liabilities are mismatched. They incur market risk for their trading portfolios of assets and liabilities if adverse movements in the prices of these assets or liabilities occur.
Chapter 20 - Managing credit risk on the balance sheet. This chapter provided an in-depth look at the measurement and on-balance-sheet management of credit risks. The chapter then discussed the role of credit analysis and how it differs across different types of loans, especially mortgage loans, individual loans, mid-market corporate loans, and large corporate loans.
Chapter 21 - Managing liquidity risk on the balance sheet. This chapter provided an in-depth look at the measurement and on-balance-sheet management of liquidity risks. Liquidity risk is a common problem that FI managers face. Welldeveloped policies for holding liquid assets or having access to markets for purchased funds are normally adequate to meet liability withdrawals.
Chapter 19 - Exchange-rate policy and the central bank. In this chapter, students will be able to understand: When capital flows freely across a country's borders, fixing the exchange rate means giving up domestic monetary policy; central banks can intervene in foreign exchange markets; the decision to fix the exchange rate has costs, benefits, and risks; there are a number of examples of exchange-rate systems.
Chapter 1 - The financial system. This chapter explain the functions of a financial system, describe the main classes of financial instruments issued in a financial system, distinguish between various types of financial markets according to function, discuss the flow of funds between savers and borrowers, including direct and intermediated finance,...
Chapter 2 - The banking sector. After studying this chapter you will be able to: Evaluate the functions and activities of commercial banks, identify the main sources and uses of funds and reasons for changes, analyse the importance of changes in the role of banks on the financial system,…
Chapter 3 - Non-bank financial institutions (NBFIs). In this chapter, you will learn to: Understand the role of NBFIs in the financial system, outline the financial products and services provided by NBFIs, describe NBFI’s principal sources and uses of funds, examine the regulatory system.
Chapter 5 - Corporations issuing equity in the share market. In this chapter, you will learn: Examine issues relevant to the choice between debt and equity funding, outline ASX floatation and listing rules, describe the equity-funding alternatives available to newly listed and established corporations, distinguish between equity and quasi-equity securities.
Chapter 6 - Investors in the share market. In this chapter students will be able to: Appreciate the range of investment choices available for the investor, identify relevant issues for potential investors, understand the factors that influence a company’s share price.
Chapter 10 - Medium-to longer-term debt. In this chapter, you will learn to: Identify the types of medium- to long-term debt instruments in the market, understand the securitisation process, pricing of longer-term debt instruments.
Chapter 11 - International debt. This chapter examine the use of international debt markets as a source of funding; focus on the role of euromarkets and US capital markets; distinguish between eurocurrency, euronote and eurobond markets; consider US debt markets and securities, explain the role of credit rating agencies.