Xem 1-20 trên 119 kết quả Market rationality
  • General Theme: Nowadays the market, and neo-liberalism in general, seems to be in disarray. With support waning for an unfettered market, various critics are seeking alternatives. In this book, the idea is that a new way of thinking about the economy may be productive, particularly one that does not rely on an unregulated market to secure economic order. In this context, the notion of a ―post-market society‖ is introduced to describe this shift in orientation.

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  • Corporate models: better marketing plans. Simulation from a computer's ' black box ' has become a powerful new tool for rationalizing the ar.t of marketing

    pdf15p thanhdat 22-10-2009 201 116   Download

  • Once an obscure subfield of finance, Market Microstructure has emerged as a major stream of finance. In its narrowest sense, microstructure might be defined as the study of the level and the source of transactions costs associated with trading. It examines the organizational structure of exchanges and how the specific market structure enhances the efficiency, transparency and information dissemination of security trading.

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  • Corporate models: better marketing plans. Simulation from a computer's ' black box ' has become a powerful new tool for rationalizing the ar.t of marketing. We do that by asking the tough questions, to show you the skills others have developed, and more importantly how you can apply those skills to your life and your business.

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  • During the last decade, hedge funds have become one of the most important institutional investors in global financial markets. Although their activities have been viewed critically by regulators, politicians, and the public, this negative perspective is often based more on myth than on thorough economic analysis and empirical facts. Most people lack the necessary information and understanding of the role that hedge funds play in financial markets. Blaming them for the financial crisis or other market turbulences is often based on specific conjectures and not on rigorous research.

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  • Despite the success in controlling ináation, during the late 1990s-early 2000 international capital markets witnessed large swings in stock prices generating concern among academics and policy-makers about the impact of stock price movements on the real economy and the broader consequences of ináation targeting. Kontonikas and Ioannidis (2005) show that an ináation targeting regime with strong interest rate reaction to ináation should lead to lower stock market volatility. On the other hand, the New Environment Hypothesis (NEH, see e.g.

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  • Chapter 6 - Analyzing consumer markets. In this chapter, we will address the following questions: How do consumer characteristics influence buying behavior? What major psychological processes influence consumer responses to the marketing program? How do consumers make purchasing decisions? In what ways do consumers stray from a deliberative, rational decision process?

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  • Chapter 9 - Creating brand equity. In this chapter, we will address the following questions: How do consumer characteristics influence buying behavior? What major psychological processes influence consumer responses to the marketing program? How do consumers make purchasing decisions? In what ways do consumers stray from a deliberative, rational decision process?

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  • Regulation of financial and securities markets is intended to protect investors while still enabling them to make personal investment decisions. Psychological phenomena, such as magical thinking, overconfidence, and representativeness heuristic can cause deviations from rational behavior and distort financial decision-making.

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  • This paper analyzes the role of the financial system for economic growth and stability, and addresses a number of core policy issues for financial sector reforms in emerging economies. The role of finance is studied in the context of a circuit model with interacting rational, forward- looking, and heterogeneous agents. Finance is shown to essentially complement the price system in coordinating decentralized intertemporal resource allocation choices from agents operating under limited information and incomplete trust.

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  • In a world where ownership is divorced from control, characterised by economic and geo-political uncertainty, our companion text Portfolio Theory and Financial Analyses (PTFA henceforth) began with the following question. We then observed that if investors are rational and capital markets are efficient with a large number of constituents,economic variables (such as share prices and returns) should be random, which simplifies matters.

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  • Performance evaluation measures the skill of an asset manager and its principal idea is to compare the returns with an alternative appropriate portfolio to that which was obtained in a particular case. The emergence of modern portfolio theory (MPT) by Markowitz (1952), who quantifies how rational investors make decisions based on expected return and risk, has brought much development to portfolio performance measurement.

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  • Explaining away the mystery of debits, credits, and double-entry bookkeeping, a thorough but simple guide also helps readers set up a company's books, monitor expenses, create budgets, pay taxes, and manage cash. You're no idiot, of course. You hire and manage talented people, carry out your daily tasks with grace, and even find ways to shine under deadline pressure. But when it comes to finance and accounting, you feel like you're in the red.

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  • The issue of the equilibrium level of credit in the economy is addressed in the liter- ature from di®erent perspectives. Several papers use theoretical models to analyze the equilibrium level of credit over business cycles by identifying phases of credit rationing or credit booms (Kiyotaki and Moore, 1997; Azariadis and Smith, 1998; Lorenzoni, 2008). In the similar spirit, DSGE models have been used recently to analyze the asymmetry in the behavior of borrowers and lenders in reaction to structural, and in particular ¯nancial shocks (Iacoviello, 2005; Gerali et al., 2010)....

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  • MARKETING HIGHER EDUCATION: APPLYING A CONSUMPTION VALUE MODEL TO COLLEGE CHOICE Chapter One develops this idea and implements tests of the hypothesis that school effectiveness is an important determinant of residential choices among local-monopoly school districts. I model a “Tiebout”-style housing market in which house prices ration access to desirable schools, which may be desirable either because they are particularly effective or because they enroll a desirable set of students.

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  • Long term interest rates play an important role in economics and Önance due to their impact on real activity. Nevertheless, it is widely recognized that forecasting their level is di¢ cult. In the same way, modelling their link to monetary policy is not so easy even if this relationship appears crucial, as emphasized by Goodfriend (1993) for the United States. Similarly the same di¢ culty concerns the rational expectations hypothesis framework in which most empirical analyses of the term structure of interest rates are conducted.

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  • The third result links this permanent component to monetary authorities behaviour. Recently, G¸rkaynak, Sack and Swanson (2003) show that the change in expectations of the long-run ináation rate by private agents depend on macroeconomic and monetary surprises. Moreover, the relationship between ináation, interest rates and monetary policy has been studied for a long time and, for example, since the seminal paper of Mankiw and Miron (1986), a signiÖcant number of papers have studied the relationship between monetary policy and the rational expectations theory....

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  • Economics - to the great dismay of economists - is merely a branch of psychology. It deals with individual behaviour and with mass behaviour. Many of its practitioners sought to disguise its nature as a social science by applying complex mathematics where common sense and direct experimentation would have yielded far better results. The outcome has been an embarrassing divorce between economic theory and its subjects. The economic actor is assumed to be constantly engaged in the rational pursuit of self interest. This is not a realistic model - merely a useful approximation.

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  • DMOs tend to be part of the local, regional or national government and have political and legislative power as well as the financial means to manage resources rationally and to ensure that all stakeholders can benefit in the long term. Destination management and marketing should act as tools and facilitators to achieve a complex range of strategic objectives, which will ultimately need to satisfy the needs and wants of stakeholders. Four key generic strategic objectives should be addressed by DMOs, as illustrated in Table 2.

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  • Given the range of content available to internet users at effectively zero cost compared with those available to purchase through established social networks, a rational, economic decision would be primarily to use the internet to obtain counterfeit digital goods. However, our data shows this is not the case, suggesting that purely economic approaches to the purchase of counterfeit goods have limited value in explaining consumption patterns. Further, accessing illegal content via the internet offers an element of anonymity to users.

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