Materials chemistry

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  • Tham khảo sách 'materials chemistry', khoa học tự nhiên, hoá học phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • Chemistry is the scientific study of matter, method and variable nature of the substance applied in life. About chemical elements, compounds, atoms, molecules, and the chemical reactions occurring among the component.Chemistry developed from alchemy, has been practiced for thousands of years ago in China, Europe and India

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  • The emerging field of nanotechnology is affirming its increasing importance day by day. In this context fullerenes and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) play an important role. These new allotropic forms of carbon have been discovered in the last two decades, and, since then, they have stimulated the curiosity and interest of physicists and chemists. This book is the first of a new series entitled “Carbon Materials: Chemistry and Physics”, the purpose of which is to analyze the new frontiers of carbon.

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  • Much new material has been added to this second edition. Besides a totally new chapter on radionuclides, the text has been reorganized and updated with separate chapters on metals, light nonaqueous phase liquids (LNAPLs), dense nonaqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs), and biodegradation. Also, some end-of-chapter exercises have been added. The dictionary of inorganic pollutants has been enlarged and some important organic pollutants added.

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  • In this Eighth Edition we have retained the objectives and approaches for teaching materials science and engineering that were presented in previous editions. The first, and primary, objective is to present the basic fundamentals on a level appropriate for university/college students who have completed their freshmen calculus, chemistry, and physics courses.

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  • For students, DIY hobbyists, and science buffs, who can no longer get real chemistry sets, this one-of-a-kind guide explains how to set up and use a home chemistry lab, with step-by-step instructions for conduc

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  • The nature of the tire and rubber industry has changed over the last 30 to 40 years in that, like all other industries, it has come to recognize the value of using renewable sources of raw materials, recycling materials whenever possible, and examining the potential of reclaiming used materials for fresh applications.

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  • Synthesis has a central role in the development of Science especially in Chemistry. The strategies adopted in synthesis of molecules and materials have undergone considerable changes in recent times and it was felt that it may be necessary to assess and assimilate information on this topic in a single place. Though, no originality is claimed to the contents on this topic, the very fact that the available information on this topic is available in one place itself is considered to be a major step forward.

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  • Spreadsheets provide one of the most easily learned routes to scientific computing. This book uses Excel®, the most powerful spreadsheet available, to explore and solve problems in general and chemical data analysis. It follows the usual sequence of college textbooks in analytical chemistry: statistics, chemical equilibria, pH calculations, titrations, and instrumental methods such as chromatography, spectrometry, and

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  • Chemistry comprises two related but distinct activities:(i)the quest for an understanding of matter and material change,(ii)the utilization of material change for human ends.Ideally, thefirst activity provides the necessary know-how for the pursuit of the second, but in practice, the help it can give is only partial, and the second activity has to fall back on trial and error techniques in order to achieve its ends. This means that a good chemist is one who not only has a mastery of chemical theory, but also a good knowledge of chemical facts.

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  • The successive editions of Principles and Practice of Analytical Chemistry have kept pace with the associated developments in the subject. Significant changes encompass strengthening of the coverage of data handling, together with new material covering rapidly developing subject areas of molecular spectrometry, atomic spectrometry, and separation techniques. Answers to the self- learning problems and exercises are also included. All sections of the book have been fully reviewed and updated as appropriate. ...

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  • At the beginning of the 19th century the description of matter attained, what one would call today, a scientific basis. Dalton1 supported the atomic theory with experiments permitting the development of modern chemistry. The book “A New System of Chemical Philosophy,” describes this new approach. In Fig. 1.1, an excerpt is displayed. Chapters I and II give a summary of the contemporary understanding of nature by analyzing heat and mass, the two basic building-blocks of any material. Chapter I displays the theory of the caloric as it was generally...

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  • Thermodynamics is one of the most exciting branches of physical chemistry which has greatly contributed to the modern science. Being concentrated on a wide range of applications of thermodynamics, this book gathers a series of contributions by the finest scientists in the world, gathered in an orderly manner. It can be used in post-graduate courses for students and as a reference book, as it is written in a language pleasing to the reader. It can also serve as a reference material for researchers to whom the thermodynamics is one of the area of interest....

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  • Computational chemistry and molecular modeling is a fast emerging area which is used for the modeling and simulation of small chemical and biological systems in order to understand and predict their behavior at the molecular level. It has a wide range of applications in various disciplines of engineering sciences, such as materials science, chemical engineering, biomedical engineering, etc.

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  • In the last decade, we have witnessed a rapid growth in research and development of nanotechnology, especially nanostructured materials. Nanoporous materials as an important class of nanostructured materials possess high specific surface area, large pore volume, uniform pore size, and rich surface chemistry. These materials present great promises and opportunities for a new generation of functional materials with improved and tailorable properties for applications in adsorption, membranes, sensors, energy storage, catalysis and photocatalysis, and biotechnology, etc.

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  • According to American Society for Testing and Materials' corrosion glossary, corrosion is defined as "the chemical or electrochemical reaction between a material, usually a metal, and its environment that produces a deterioration of the material and its properties".1 Other definitions include Fontana's description that corrosion is the extractive metallurgy in reverse,2 which is expected since metals thermodynamically are less stable in their elemental forms than in their compound forms as ores.

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  • Chemistry plays a key role in conquering diseases, solving energy problems, addressing environmental problems, providing the discoveries that lead to new industries, and developing new materials and technologies for national defense and homeland security. However, the field is currently facing a crucial time of change and is struggling to position itself to meet the needs of the future as it expands beyond its traditional core toward areas related to biology, materials science, and nanotechnology....

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  • This series of books, which is published at the rate of about one per year, addresses fundamental problems in materials science. The contents cover a broad range of topics from small clusters of atoms to engineering materials and involve chemistry, physics, and engineering, with length scales ranging from Ångstromsup to millimeters.

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  • This book is the second in the series of publications in this field by this publisher, and contains a number of latest research developments on ionic liquids (ILs). This promising new area has received a lot of attention during the last 20 years. Readers will find 30 chapters collected in 6 sections on recent applications of ILs in polymer sciences, material chemistry, catalysis, nanotechnology, biotechnology and electrochemical applications.

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  • At every moment of every day there is a crash event, affecting everything: transportation, economics, politics, computing, bodies, brains, cups and plates, birds, agriculture, chemistry, health, banking, manufacturing and so on, without end. Despite being insured, insulated by method, knowledge, prediction, risk analysis and technology against accidents, we are nevertheless permanently avoiding them. Every crash is followed by calls for legislation: ‘it must never happen again’ – and yet it always does.

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