The first rudimentary notion of what can be called risk, may have arisen, according to
Covello and Munpower (1985), around 3200 BC in the valley between the Tigris and
Euphrates Rivers, where lived a group called “Asipu”. A major function of this group was to
help people who needed to make difficult decisions. The “Asipus”, when sought, identified
the scale of the problem, the alternatives and the consequences of each alternative. Then,
they drew up a table, marking the positive and negative points of each alternative to
indicate the best decision....
From the very beginning of the transition from the traditional purchasing system reviews to the
redesigned assessment approach that replaced them, it was understood that further refinement
and continuous improvement was planned. Consistent with that long-term strategy, and building
on the originally redesigned federal purchasing assessments, the business system assessment
models of the PEAmembers have evolved to be more aligned with the Balanced Scorecard
(BSC) approach to performance measurement and management, which is currently in use by
many “world class” private corporations.
fast pace. As part of the structural adjustment programmes of the late 1980s and early
1990s Bangladesh undertook a number of initiatives towards trade liberalisation and trade
promotion to stimulate exports and encourage investment in export-oriented activities.
The major objective of these reforms was removal of anti-export bias, introduction of
incentives for exports and facilitation of participation in global labour market.
A project of this magnitude and scope is never the work of only one person. It
requires the support of many individuals. Such is the case here, and I mention some
of those individuals below. I am indebted to them and many others for sharing their
knowledge and giving me opportunities over the years to gain valuable experience
and achieve intellectual growth.
I’m deeply indebted to Marc Holzer, of Rutgers University-Newark, for the
inspiration to promote government performance and the countless learning and
growth opportunities he has provided me....
Performance measurement is an important concept for anyone managing
or investing institutional assets. Complying with the Global Investment
Performance Standards (GIPS®) provides individuals and firms with two
things: (1) guidance for the investment firm in achieving compliance with
the Global Investment Performance Standards—the GIPS standards—and
(2) detailed explanations of the rationale and methodology behind the
The first section of this book explores novel measurement and methodologies for a
variety of public health concerns. Chapters include assessing risk and uncertainty,
measurement of mental health in children, the use of the Ames assay and measuring
gene by environment interactions. The second section examines issues in the food
system and environmental risks. A safe, reliable food system is essential for public
health in every country. Issues in this section include the presence of chemical residues
in animal food products, bacteria in food and iron deficiency anemia.
In the Essentials of Behavioral Science series, our goal is to provide readers with
books that will deliver key practical information in an efficient, accessible style.
The series features books on a variety of topics, such as statistics, psychological
testing, and research design and methodology, to name just a few. For the experienced
professional, books in the series offer a concise yet thorough review of
a specific area of expertise, including numerous tips for best practices.
This Handbook provides a concise overview of the latest technologies for managing industrial air pollution in petrochemical, oil and gas, and allied industries. Detailed material on equipment selection, sizing, and troubleshooting operations is provided along with practical design methodology. Unique to this volume are discussions and information on energy-efficient technologies and approaches to implementing environmental cost accounting measures.
.Advance Praise for Pricing, Risk, and Performance Measurement in Practice
“The book represents a fresh and innovative departure from ‘traditional’ approaches to modelling of securities data. Subsequently, it also presents much more flexible ways to analyze and process the data. Even if you are not involved with re-architecting an organization’s master data handling, there are numerous ideas, principles, and nuggets that make it a worthwhile read.” –Dr.
This book describes applications in preclinical oncology research by bioluminescence imaging (BLI) with a variety of applications. Chapters describe current methodologies for rapid detection of contaminants using the Milliflex system, and the use of bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) technology for monitoring physical interactions between proteins in living cells.
The title of this book, Wireless Power Transfer: Principles and Engineering Explorations, encompasses theory and engineering technology, which are of interest for diverse classes of wireless power transfer. This book is a collection of contemporary research and developments in the area of wireless power transfer technology. It consists of 13 chapters that focus on interesting topics of wireless power links, and several system issues in which analytical methodologies, numerical simulation techniques, measurement techniques and methods, and applicable examples are investigated....
In the a-posteriori (post-hoc, natural or market defined) approach of market segmen-
tation, market segments are identified by forming groups of consumers that are inter-
nally homogeneous and externally heterogeneous along a set of measured consumer
characteristics ( segmentation variables). That is, a-posteriori market segments are
based on responses of consumers that are available only after a survey has been con-
and gait is mostly derived from studies that measured
and reported EF as a composite score [12,18,19]. Relatively
few studies have focused on the age-related deficits
in specific components of executive function and
most of these studies were based on a traditional set of
tests of executive function, without detailing specific
components. The conclusions drawn from these studies
might, therefore, be limited by their methodologies. The
putative executive measures might not load on a single
executive construct, and might overlap with each other
authorize the regulation of security measures that are not associated with
the immediate food-processing environment, such as requiring fences,
alarms, and outside lighting. Neither agency believes that it has the authority
to regulate all aspects of security at food-processing facilities.
Both FDA and USDA issued voluntary security guidelines to help food
processors identify measures to prevent or mitigate the risk of deliberate
contamination. Because these guidelines are voluntary, neither agency
enforces, monitors, or documents their implementation.
.Praise for Creating a Sustainable Organization
“Peter brings together the wide-ranging aspects of present and future organizations to bolster environmental, social, and governance (ES&G) performance, presenting a clean and clear understanding of organizational sustainability.
The emphasis that firms in all three sectors are placing on risk management and risk
measurement issues is encouraging. This should result in stronger and better managed
firms. The ability to improve risk quantification can provide important tools for assessing
risk/return trade-offs and encourage sound risk management practices. However, firms need
to understand the limitations of such methodologies and should supplement these where
necessary, for example through stress testing.
This study is distinct from pervious studies in two folds. Firstly, this study fills the gap of
limited research on emerging mutual funds. Secondly, this study explores determinants of mutual fund
growth at the asset management corporation level. Research on emerging market mutual funds are
performed at mutual fund level. Nazir et.al (2010) assessed determinants of mutual fund growth
focusing on equity funds in Pakistan. Analysis of Thai mutual fund industry and competitive situation
are elaborated in section 2. Data, model, and methodology are discussed in section 3.
Every day we make measurements, yet, do we consider the accuracy of that measurement?
If you are a provider of service or product then this publication will help you to take your quality
systems to levels that can save you time and money, improving your methodology and giving you a
clearer understanding on how to measure up.
In many cases measurements are made as a guide for approximating, therefore...
In addition to surveys of required reading in twelfth grade and the first year of college and
consultations with experts in text complexity, two leading measurement systems were used to help
make the selections below. While other measures of readability and text complexity have value, the
two described below helped guide this initial work and confirmed that these four texts are suitable
exemplars of the types of complex texts that students need to master to be ready for college and
What would science be without measurement, and what would social
science be without social measurement? Social measurement belongs
to the widely accepted and fruitful stream of the empirical-analytic
approach. Statistics and research methodology play a central role, and
it is difficult to ascertain precisely when it all started in the social
sciences. An important subfield of social measurement is the quantification
of human behavior—that is, using measurement instruments
of which educational and psychological tests are the most prominent