In the four years since the first edition of Enzymes was published, I have been
delighted to learn of the wide acceptance of the book throughout the biochemical
community, and particularly in the pharmaceutical community. During this
time a number of colleagues have contacted me to express their views on the
value of the text, and importantly to make suggestions for improvements to the
content and presentation of some concepts. I have used the first edition as a
teaching supplement for a course in which I lecture at the University of
Pennsylvania School of...
Mechanisms of salt tolerance in halophytes: can crop plants resistance to salinity be improved? High concentrations of sodium are toxic to most plant species, making soil salinity a major abiotic stress in plant productivity world wide. Many crop species, which countless people rely for survival, are negatively affected.
Fracture mechanics is the field of mechanics concerned with the study of the propagation of cracks in materials. It uses methods of analytical solid mechanics to calculate the driving force on a crack and those of experimental solid mechanics to characterize the material's resistance to fracture.In modern materials science, fracture mechanics is an important tool in improving the mechanical performance of materials and components.
We empirically investigate the relation between certain corporate governance
mechanisms and the likelihood of a company having a serious accounting
problem, as evidenced by a misstatement of its earnings.
he spread of good oral care
will help reduce aspiration pneumonia, endocarditis, and other systemic diseases in the elderly,
as well as reduce and prevent diseases of the oral cavity such as periodontal disease and
candidiasis. Oral functions will be restored and maintained by improving eating and
swallowing functions, and it is our hope that the resulting restoration of health and social
activity will lead to improved QOL for elderly people.
Daily care of the teeth and mouth is important for a healthy life. ...
It is generally understood that the length of the fermentation process has an effect on the quality attributes of cocoa.
Properties affected include bark content, pH, titrable acidity (TA), test results and the properties cutting taste. it
also been demonstrated that soaking seeds in water, after fermentation, resulting in higher dry cocoa
percentage of brown seeds, bark less content and improved flavor characteristics, (Hollywood, NW 1997).
This test is done to prove whether the effects of fermentation time and soak application
Vietnam to cocoa....
Upstream and downstream linkages contribute to ME’s innovativeness. However, most of
the technological progress is based on the industry’s own R&D capabilities and its broad
knowledge of process technologies. One of the outstanding examples in this respect has
been the so-called Compact Strip Production (CSP). Developed by a European firm at the
end of the 1980s, this technology enables steel works to invest in a capital and energy
saving process. It has been based upon the integration of steps that have been carried out
separately in former times.
Over the past 40 years there has been dramatic improvement in outcome from septic shock in
children, with mortality reducing from 97% in the 1960s, 60% in the 1980s, to 9% in 1999.
Changes in clinical practice have been based on case series, cohort studies and physiological
experiments, rather than on evidence from randomised controlled trials.
There have also been
significant changes to the organisation and delivery of health care, particularly in the provision
of resuscitation and intensive care that have been associated with reduced mortality.
Improvements in the eﬃciency of large-scale DNA
sequencing are resulting in rapid increases in the number
of protein sequences that lack genetic or biochemical
annotation. One traditional way to deduce the function of
a protein of interest is to compare itwith other sequences of
known function to ﬁnd a possible homologue.Methods for
homology detection formerly relied on pairwise compar-
isons of protein sequences. However, the accumulation of
sequence data hasmotivated and facilitated the creation of
families of related proteins.
Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide,
and 3.8 million men and 3.4 million women die of the disease each
year. After an acute myocardial infarction, early and successful myocardial
reperfusion with the use of thrombolytic therapy or primary percutaneous coronary
intervention (PCI) is the most effective strategy for reducing the size of a myocardial
infarct and improving the clinical outcome. The process of restoring blood
flow to the ischemic myocardium, however, can induce injury.
What is the first office of the soil? How does it hold water for the uses of the plant? How does it obtain a part of its moisture? The mechanical character of the soil is well understood from preceding remarks, and the learner knows that there are many offices to be performed by the soil aside from the feeding of plants. 1. It admits the roots of plants, and holds them in their position. 2. By a sponge-like action, it holds water for the uses of the plant. 3. It absorbs moisture from the atmosphere to supply the demands...
Since it was established, the Federal Reserve has worked with the private
sector to improve the eff iciency and cost-effectiveness of the check-
col lection system. Toward that end, the Federal Reserve and the banking
industry developed bank routing numbers in the 1940s. These numbers
are still printed on checks to identify the institution on which a check
is drawn and to which the check must be presented for payment. In the
1950s, the magnetic ink character recognition (MICR) system for encod-
ing pertinent data on checks was developed so that the data could be read
Most of the South Asian and Pacific countries have similarities in setting the policy
and execution of dairy and beef cattle genetic improvement programmes. Historically,
governments have played a major role in cattle farming and breeding activities; nowadays,
however, the initiatives of the private sector or of non-government organizations are
modifying the needs of farmers for support from the government. About 90% of the
contribution of the livestock sector is from small holders and this proportion is highly
consistent across countries.
I intentionally left out the whole world of hydraulics. While
hydraulic power can be the answer when very compact actuators or
high power density motors are required, it is potentially more danger-
ous, and definitely messier, to work with than electrically powered
devices. It is also much less efficient—a real problem for battery pow-
ered robots. There are many texts on hydraulic power and its uses. If
hydraulics is being considered in a design, the reader is referred to Industrial
Fluid Power (4 volumes) 3rd ed., published by Womack Education
The surface treatment by physical method of jute fiber using air plasma was investigated. Fiber was treated by the atmospheric plasma with various conditions of power 50W and different treatment times (from 1 min to 7 min). After treatment, the characteristics of fiber changed remarkably and fiber surface observed by SEM analyze showed a better morphology for adhesion. The result showed that tensile strength and Young’s modulus of jute fiber were slightly improved, however there was a remarkable improvement interface adhesion between fibers and polypropylene (PP) resin.