Mechanisms affecting

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  • Mechanisms of salt tolerance in halophytes: can crop plants resistance to salinity be improved? High concentrations of sodium are toxic to most plant species, making soil salinity a major abiotic stress in plant productivity world wide. Many crop species, which countless people rely for survival, are negatively affected.

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  • Technology has affected society and its surroundings in a number of ways. In many societies, technology has helped develop more advanced economies (including today's global economy) and has allowed the rise of a leisure class. Many technological processes produce unwanted by-products, known as pollution, and deplete natural resources, to the detriment of the Earth and its environment. Various implementations of technology influence the values of a society and new technology often raises new ethical questions.

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  • HAVING STARTED WORK on mechanical translation, we arrived at the conclusion that both the lexical meaning and the morphological shape of the word can and should be utilized in analyzing the text, and that for purposes of translation it is impractical to omit the information which can be thus obtained. The utilization of the lexical meanings of words as well as of their contexts may also affect problems of coding. These questions are extremely important to automatic translation. We based our work on the following principles: 1.

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  • [Mechanical Translation, vol.3, no.3, December 1956; pp. 81-88] † M. A. K. Halliday, Cambridge Language Research Unit, Cambridge, England The grammar and lexis of a language exhibit a high degree of internal determination, affecting all utterances whether or not these are translated from another language.

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  • Salinity stress negatively impacts agricultural yield throughout the world affecting production whether it is for subsistence or economic gain. The plant response to salinity consists of numerous processes that must function in coordination to alleviate both cellular hyperosmolarity and ion disequilibrium. In addition, crop plants must be capable of satisfactory biomass production in a saline environment (yield stability).

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  • The municipal and industrial activities of the man affects human health, leads to degradation of the environment and even degradation of the objects built by himself or his predecessors. The pollutants are emitted to the atmosphere with off-gases from industry, power stations, residential heating systems and vehicles, some additional emissions come from the natural sources as volcanoes as well. Fossil fuels, which include coal, natural gas, petroleum, shale oil and bitumen are the main source of heat, electrical energy and are the basic duels for the engines of the transport vehicles....

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  • Technology is the making, modification, usage, and knowledge of tools, machines, techniques, crafts, systems, methods of organization, in order to solve a problem, improve a preexisting solution to a problem, achieve a goal, handle an applied input/output relation or perform a specific function. It can also refer to the collection of such tools, machinery, modifications, arrangements and procedures. Technologies significantly affect human as well as other animal species' ability to control and adapt to their natural environments.

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  • CHAPTER 18 FAILURE Jack Collins Department of Mechanical Engineering Ohio State University Columbus, Ohio CONSIDERATIONS Steve Daniewicz Department of Mechanical Engineering Mississippi State University Starkville, Mississippi 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.4 18.5 CRITERIA OF FAILURE FAILUREMODES 377 378 18.6 ELASTIC DEFORMATION AND YIELDING 382 FRACTURE MECHANICS AND UNSTABLE CRACK GROWTH FATIGUE AND STRESS CONCENTRATION 18.5.1 Fatigue Loading and Laboratory Testing 18.5.2 The S-N-P Curves— A Basic Design Tool 18.5.3 Factors That Affect S-N-P Curves 18.5.

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  • The main objective of this book is to show, in a logical sequence, a set of papers presenting new ideas that have been the result of the great advance in the knowledge of steel within the last few decades. Amongst the fundamental topics dealt with is the relationship between steel's properties in terms of its structure and composition and how this is affected by its surrounding environment (i.e. stresses, temperature, strains, etc.).

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  • This book is intended to be an introduction to the complex effects of climatic change on the activities and life of mankind, particularly in regard to the changes widely known as global warming. It consists of eleven chapters dealing with fi ve different aspects of the problem. The chapters are written by 11 different authors from ten different countries, examining aspects of global warming as it affects their fi elds of study.

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  • Technology is the making, modification, usage, and knowledge of tools, machines, techniques, crafts, systems, methods of organization, in order to solve a problem, improve a preexisting solution to a problem, achieve a goal, handle an applied input/output relation or perform a specific function. It can also refer to the collection of such tools, machinery, modifications, arrangements and procedures. Technologies significantly affect human as well as other animal species' ability to control and adapt to their natural environments.

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  • Technology is the making, modification, usage, and knowledge of tools, machines, techniques, crafts, systems, methods of organization, in order to solve a problem, improve a preexisting solution to a problem, achieve a goal, handle an applied input/output relation or perform a specific function. It can also refer to the collection of such tools, machinery, modifications, arrangements and procedures. Technologies significantly affect human as well as other animal species' ability to control and adapt to their natural environments.

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  • Technology is the making, modification, usage, and knowledge of tools, machines, techniques, crafts, systems, methods of organization, in order to solve a problem, improve a preexisting solution to a problem, achieve a goal, handle an applied input/output relation or perform a specific function. It can also refer to the collection of such tools, machinery, modifications, arrangements and procedures. Technologies significantly affect human as well as other animal species' ability to control and adapt to their natural environments.

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  • The idea to edit this book started with an e-mail from Suzanne Mekking of Springer Science and Business Media who wanted to make an appointment to talk about current needs for new books in the field of aquatic sciences. During that meeting, she attempted to persuade me into writing a book about my field of research – ecological interactions among coral reefs, mangroves, and seagrass beds by reef fishes. At first, I was not interested due to the large amount of work this would encompass, and my already overloaded work schedule....

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  • This volume of Advances in Neurobiology deals with the neurochemistry of disease. Included are chapters on both human diseases and animal “model” diseases. Sources of human tissue. The three main sources of human neural tissues for chemical studies have been: Brain obtained at autopsy Brain obtained at biopsy or incidental to neurosurgery Nonneural tissues containing molecules identical to those in clinically affected brain or nerve In theory, peripheral nerve is more available than brain, but chemical analyses of peripheral nerves are relatively limited....

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  • Inflammation can also be found in the intervertebral disks resulting in discitis and spondylitis, which can be seen as narrowing of the intervertebral space and destruction of the adjacent cover plates. Seldom synovitis and osteitis can be found in the atlantoaxial area leading to erosions and destruction of the lateral atlantoaxial joint. At the worst the joint is destabilized, this may cause cord compression and neurological loss of function.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học General Psychiatry cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: A polymorphism in the interleukin-4 receptor affects the ability of interleukin-4 to regulate Th17 cells: a possible immunoregulatory mechanism for genetic control of the severity of rheumatoid arthritis...

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  • The hippocampus and cerebral cortex are areas associated with seizure initiation and propagation. It is therefore discussed how pathological disturbances in the local estrogen production after menopause may contribute to an increase in seizures in some women (Veliskova, 2007). Estrone is the primary estrogen after menopause, and its main source is subcutaneous fat. This might be of importance for overweight women with epilepsy. Little is known on the influence of estrone on epilepsy.

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  • These health impacts involve about $10 billion in annual economic damages. Loss of life and pain and suffering account for about $4.1 and $4.8 billion of this total. Annual health care costs of air pollution are in the order of $600 million; lost productivity accounts for an additional $560 million in annual damages. These economic damages are expected to increase substantially over the next 20 years. The ASAP will reduce health and economic damages by about 11% overall, compared to the status quo. The residual damages (i.e.

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  • Financial markets have undergone tremendous growth and dramatic changes in the past two decades, with the volume of daily trading in currency markets hitting over a trillion US dollars and hundreds of billions of dollars in bond and stock markets. Deregulation and globalization have led to large-scale capital flows; this has raised new problems for finance as well as has further spurred competition among banks and financial institutions.

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