Mediating soil interactions

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  • First, recall that the SNIFF emissions inventory discussed above clearly indicates that industry is not the leading source of particulate emissions in Ciudad Juárez. Rather, the leading sources are vehicles, unpaved roads, and soil erosion (Table 1). Moreover, even leaving aside vehicles and soils, the single most important industrial subsector in terms of air pollution is brick kilns, not maquiladoras (Table 2). In fact, brick kilns emit more particulate matter than all other industrial plants combined.

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  • Water-related diseases continue to posemajor threats to children’s survival and well-being inmany places in the developing world.This article develops a theoretical perspective on the ways in which children’s vulnerability to water-related disease hazard is produced within the everyday circumstances of livelihood and child care. Central to this analysis is the role that household resources play in mediating or shaping particular microenvironments of health risk.

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  • Cancers of the endometrium, ovary and cervix share certain characteristics. However, etio-pathogenesis of all the gynecological malignancies is yet to be explored. Even though the etiologic factors are generally environmental, the exact cause of each gynecological cancer is not known (Senate Community Affairs References Committee, Commonwealth of Australia, 2006). Worldwide, cancer incidence rates vary widely between different geographic regions and ethnic groups.

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  • The financial statements of Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. (the ‘Parent Company') are included in the statements of the Philips Group. The unconsolidated statements of income of Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. therefore reflect only the net after-tax income from affiliated companies and other income after taxes. The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements. Presentation balance sheet and income statement In 1997, the Company changed the format of its consolidated balance sheet presentation.

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  • The IRS also faces significant enforcement challenges posed by the complexity and magnitude of the international financial system. As technology continues to advance and cross-border transactions rise, the IRS faces the growing challenge created by economic globalization. Over the past few years, the IRS has taken action to coordinate international tax compliance issues.

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  • Inadvertent fetal exposure to contraceptive hormones is common, with a USA study estimating that approximately 70 000 fetuses are exposed to oral contraceptives annually.23 Most of the data on fetal outcomes relate to COC. The CEU found no studies that specifically assessed exposure through quick starting contraception. Studies are often limited by their observational nature, potential confounding factors and small sample size. Reassuringly there have been no consistent findings of specific fetal abnormalities.

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  • Assuming that (1) new information will correct or improve the firm's prior beliefs and (2) the firm has the technical and regulatory flexibility to alter its decisions, we are ultimately concerned with the economic value of the changed decision. Given that the firm will "re- optimize" based on the new, better information, what is the value of that re-optimization? Assume that Chemical A's cost was found to be grossly underestimated and that the firm was able to identify a substitute input B whose true cost was substantially lower.

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  • The total undisbursed balance is UA 1,498,427of which UA 1.0 million has been committed to financing the Procurement Agent of the ZIMFUND and the balance has been committed to support other capacity building activities (Annex 3).With the utilization of this balance, there are no additional resources available to Zimbabwe in the current ADF 12 cycle. This notwithstanding, the Government has requested for technical assistance support in other areas including Public Financial Management and Public Private Partnership frameworks (Annex 4).

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  • Brazil’s capital market remains focused on short term instruments. Most financial contracts among residents are indexed to the overnight interest rate, although there has been a gradual trend towards increasing duration in the recent years. This largely short term structure reflects long-standing fundamental factors, including a legacy of past high inflation that typically is associated with a more short–term focus for investing.

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  • Our sample contains a total of 1301 open-end, no-load U.S. domestic equity mutual funds, which include actively managed funds, index funds, sector funds, and ETFs (exchange traded funds). Monthly net returns, as well as annual turnover and expense ratios for the funds, are obtained from the Center for Research in Security Prices (CRSP) mutual fund database over the sample period January 1975–December 2002. Additional data on fund investment objectives are obtained from the Thomson/CDA Spectrum files.

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  • The creation of quick jobs, as opposed to training, often results in the creation of too many bricklayers, often of not very good caliber. So that when the fund goes, people are no more able to get a good job than before. Sometimes there is a contradiction between building quality projects and using local labor, because when asked, municipalities often want quality projects. And yet bilateral and multilateral agencies say they want local labor to be employed. Finally, there are some environmental issues.

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  • Analysis of differences in content of nutrients and other substances in livestock products (meat, dairy, eggs) was more limited given the smaller evidence base. Analysis was conducted on nutrients or nutrient groups for which numeric data were provided in at least 5 of the 25 livestock product studies identified by the review.

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  • We build a two-country general equilibrium model of exchange rates that features two roles for nontraded goods: as ¯nal consumption and as an input into the production of ¯nal tradable goods (retail services). In addition to retail services, ¯nal tradable goods require the use of local and imported intermediate traded inputs. Intermediate traded goods and nontraded goods are produced using local labor and capital services. Thus, our model has an input-output structure (as in Obstfeld, 2001), where the output of some sectors is used as an input to the production of ¯nal goods.

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  • An exhibiting artist since 1966, Lucia Pacenza is one of her country’s major sculptors. Her work is represented in collections in Argentina, Mexico, Spain and the United States. She completed this commission while Artist in Residence at the ANU School of Art. As with Janus, the classical god of doorways whose two faces look both forward and backward, so this arch combines references to both beginnings and ends. The concertina-folded and tooth-edged working around the hole suggests body openings and birth.

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  • Hedge funds increased in value to €79 billion, driven largely by revaluations of €2.2 billion amid a net transactions outflow of €0.3 billion. The revaluation performance was tempered by the fact that some hedge funds assumed short positions in a positively performing market. Hedge funds have not outperformed other investment strategies in the year to date. Other funds, comprising mostly mixed funds 3 , experienced negligible inflows of €0.2 billion, despite positive revaluations of €5.1 billion, culminating in an increase in overall stock to €152 billion. ...

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  • The bleached pulps were screened prior to sheet preparation. All analyses were performed according to ISO and SCAN standards, except for the carbohydrate analysis of straw which was done by high-performance anion-exchange chromatography (HPAEC). The ashing was conducted at 550°C for 12 h. The mechanically refined pulp after hot water treatment was fractioned with a Bauer McNett apparatus. The paper technical properties were determined from the combined 100 and 200 mesh fractions.

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  • The second cluster of chapters focuses on factors that facilitate the adoption or nonadoption of agroforestry systems. The authors of the last three chapters argue that increasing the scale of adoption and the impact of agroforestry innovations requires actions that are based on an understanding of the dynamics of adoption and the critical factors that determine whether farmers accept, do not accept, or partially accept, innovations. Place et al.

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  • This review of the environmental effects of freight is structured by transport mode, addressing shipping, air cargo, trucking, rail, pipelines and intermodal terminals. It begins with a brief overview of the major environmental media or mechanisms through which transport can affect the environment. These include air pollution, global climate concerns, noise, water pollution, accidents, land use and habitat fragmentation.

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  • As minister responsible for human settlements issues in the Norwegian Government, I want to underline the responsibility of governments to take active action to improve the living conditions of the underprivileged in society. In Istanbul we reaffirmed our commitments to the full and progressive realisa- tion of the right to housing and recognised an obliga- tion by Governments to enable people to obtain shelter and to protect and improve dwellings and neighbourhoods. Now – five years later – we still have a long way to go.

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  • Investors favour real assets as a hedge against rising inflation rates. Whereas, in an environment of higher inflation, financial assets such as bonds lose value in real terms, the real prices of real assets remain stable or increase. During the last 15 years, inflation rates in the industrialised countries have fluctuated at moderate levels of up to 3% p.a. (see Fig. 11), although in some countries they have been considerably less. In such an environment, investment in real assets with a view to inflation protection typically offers hardly any advantages.

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