Medical physics

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  • This book is based upon Medical Physics and Physiological Measurement which we wrote in 1981. That book had grown in turn out of a booklet which had been used in the Sheffield Department of Medical Physics and Clinical Engineering for the training of our technical staff. The intention behind our writing had been to give practical information which would enable the reader to carry out a very wide range of physiological measurement and treatment techniques which are often grouped under the umbrella titles of medical physics, clinical engineering and physiological measurement.

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  • In recent years, the remarkable advances in medical imaging instruments have increased their use considerably for diagnostics as well as planning and follow-up of treatment. Emerging from the fields of radiology, medical physics and engineering, medical imaging no longer simply deals with the technology and interpretation of radiographic images. The limitless possibilities presented by computer science and technology, coupled with engineering advances in signal processing, optics and nuclear medicine have created the vastly expanded field of medical imaging.

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  • Preface This book is intended as a textbook for a course in radiation physics in aca-demic medical physics graduate programs. The book may also be of interestto the large number of professionals, not only physicists, who in their dailyoccupations deal with various aspects of medical physics and have a need toimprove their understanding of radiation physics.Medical physics is a rapidly growing specialty of physics, concerned withthe application of physics to medicine mainly, but not exclusively, in the ap-plication of ionizing radiation to diagnosis and treatment of human disease...

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  • Tham khảo sách 'mathematics and physics of emerging biomedical imaging', khoa học tự nhiên, vật lý phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • This document is historic for two major reasons. First, it represents the first jointly authorized publication by both American Association of Medical Physicists (AAPM) and American College of Medical Physics (ACMP). This document began as a 1991 ACMP report. In 1997 the General Medical Physics committee of AAPM invited Dr. Brahmavar, who authored the original report, to chair a task group to rewrite and update the document as an AAPM task group report. As it neared completion, there was a suggestion that perhaps ACMP would be interested in supporting the revised document.

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  • Rather than focusing on earlier treatments, based largely on the simplifications of geometrical acoustics, Physical Principles of Medical Ultrasonics examines concepts of wave acoustics, introducing them in the very first chapter. Practical implications of these concepts are explored, first the generation and nature of acoustic fields, and then their formal descriptions and measurement. Real tissues attenuate and scatter ultrasound in ways that have interesting relationships to their physical chemistry, and the book includes coverage of these topics.

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  • This book has been written to enable health care workers to understand the principles of managing an acute medical emergency safely and effectively.To achieve this aim it provides a structured approach to medical emergencies, describing relevant pathophysiology that will also help to explain physical signs and the rationale behind treatment.The first edition of this manual (written by Terry Wardle) has undergone significant modification directed by the working group and also, in particular, candidates from the first MedicALS courses.

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  • Physics explains everything from the beginning to the end of any complete description of the human body. Such a comprehensive discussion should begin with the basic structure of matter, as explained by quantum mechanics – the physics at small dimensions, and end with the mechanics of human motion, the energetics of metabolism, the fluid dynamics of blood flow through vessels, the mechanisms for speaking and hearing, and the optical imaging system we call the eye.

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  • This new and updated deals with all aspects of Monte Carlo simulation of complex physical systems encountered in condensed-matter physics and statistical mechanics as well as in related fields, for example polymer science, lattice gauge theory and protein folding. After briefly recalling essential background in statistical mechanics and probability theory, the authors give a succinct overview of simple sampling methods. The next several chapters develop the importance sampling method, both for lattice models and for systems in continuum space....

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  • The most important trend in biological engineering is the dynamic range of scales at which biotechnology is now able to integrate with biological processes. An explosion in micro/nanoscale technology is allowing the manufacture of nanoparticles for drug delivery into cells, miniaturized implantable microsensors for medical diagnostics, and micro-engineered robots for on-board tissue repairs. This book aims to provide an upto- date overview of the recent developments in biological engineering from diverse aspects and various applications in clinical and experimental research....

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  • Radiotherapy, also referred to as radiation therapy, radiation oncology or therapeutic radiology, is one of the three principal modalities used in the treatment of malignant disease (cancer), the other two being surgery and chemotherapy.

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  • The fields of biological and medical physics and biomedical engineering are broad, multidisciplinary, and dynamic.They lie at the crossroads of frontier research in physics, biology, chemistry, and medicine. The Biological and Medical Physics/Biomedical Engineering series is intended to be comprehensive, covering a broad range of topics important to the study of the physical, chemical, and biological sciences. Its goal is to provide scientists and engineers with textbooks, monographs, and reference works to address the growing need for information....

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  • In past decades the number of exercising individuals and the area of sports medicine have grown considerably. Sports medicine has developed both in terms of its clinical importance with appropriate diagnosis and adequate rehabilitation following injury as well as its potential role in the promotion of health and prevention of life-style diseases in individuals of all ages.

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  • The British Medical Association ILLUSTRATED MEDICAL DICTIONARY CORONARY ARTERY Superior vena cava Aorta Left main coronary artery Left circumflex artery Pulmonary veins Right main coronary artery Left anterior descending artery Coronary vein Inferior vena cava Descending aorta coronary Any structure that encircles like a crown. The term usually refers to the coronary arteries encircling the heart. It is also sometimes used as a nonmedical term for a heart attack (see myocardial infarction).

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  • During development, cells and tissues undergo dynamic changes in pattern and form that employ a wider range of physical mechanisms than at any other time during an organism’s life. Biological Physics of the Developing Embryo presents a framework within which physics can be used to analyze these biological phenomena. Written to be accessible to both biologists and physicists, major stages and components of biological development are introduced and then analyzed from the viewpoint of physics. The presentation of physical models requires no mathematics beyond basic calculus.

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  • This book is a collection of some of the invited talks presented at the international meeting held at the Max Planck Institut fiir Physik komplexer Systeme, Dresden, Germany during August 6-30, 2001, on the rapidly developing field of nanoscale science and bio-electronics ( Semiconductor physics has experienced unprecedented developments over the second half of the twentieth century. The exponential growth in microelectronic processing power and the size of dynamic memories has been achieved by significant downscahng of the minimum feature size.

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  • This course of lectures is devoted to protein physics, i.e., to the overall topics of structure, self-organization and function of protein molecules. The course is based on lectures given by us (earlier by O.B.P., and later by A.V.F.) first at Moscow PhysTech Institute and then at Pushchino State University and the Pushchino Branch of MoscowState University. Initially, our students were physicists, then mainly biologists with some chemists.

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  • Nanoscale physics, nowadays one of the most topical research subjects, has two major areas of focus. One is the important field of potential applications bearing the promise of a great variety of materials having specific properties that are desirable in daily life. Even more fascinating to the researcher in physics are the fundamental aspects where quantum mechanics is seen at work; most macroscopic phenomena of nanoscale physics can only be understood and described using quantum mechanics. The emphasis of the present volume is on this latter aspect....

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  • Because of the availability of powerful computational techniques, new modality techniques such as Computer-Aided Tomography (CAT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and others, and because of the new techniques of imaging processing (machine vision), the lives of many patients will be saved, and the quality of all our lives improved. This marriage of powerful computer technology and medical imaging has spawned a new and growing generation of young dynamic doctors who hold PhDs in physics and/or computer science, along with their MDs.

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  • The fields of biological and medical physics and biomedical engineering are broad, multidisciplinary and dynamic. They lie at the crossroads of frontier research in physics, biology, chemistry, and medicine. The Biological & Medical Physics/Biomedical Engineering Series is intended to be comprehensive, covering a broad range of topics important to the study of the physical, chemical and biological sciences. Its goal is to provide scientists and engineers with textbooks, monographs, and reference works to address the growing need for information....

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