Xem 1-20 trên 103 kết quả Medicines adherence
  • It is thought that between a third and a half of all medicines1 prescribed for long-term conditions are not taken as recommended. If the prescription is appropriate, then this may represent a loss to patients, the healthcare system and society. The costs are both personal and economic. Adherence presumes an agreement between prescriber and patient about the prescriber’s recommendations. Adherence to medicines is defined as the extent to which the patient’s action matches the agreed recommendations.

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  • The recent charges faced by two healers from Ecuador for “criminal negligence causing death and administering, trafficking in and importing into Canada a controlled substance,” (Carr: 3 November 2002, Canadian Press) have widespread implication for traditional healers. The two medicine men are currently facing lengthy court cases as a result of the death of an individual during a ceremony in the community of Wikwemikong. The case of the men from Ecuador rests in the notion of “trafficking controlled substances.

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  • Aprofession is characterized by skill based on a unique body of knowledge, a code of ethics, and a social contract with society or government that grants it a certain degree of autonomy in exchange for self-regulation. The responsibilities of self-regulation in the medical profession are complex and involve many levels of oversight aimed at guaranteeing the continuing competence of practicing physicians. Today, professional associations in the United States play a significant role in upholding the ethical, educational, scientific, and practice standards of the medical profession.

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  • 4-Hydroxy-2-trans-nonenal (4-HNE), one of the major end products of lipid peroxidation, has been shown to induce apoptosis in a variety of cell lines. It appears to modulate signalingprocesses inmore thanonewaybecause it has been suggested to have a role in signaling for differentiation and proliferation. We showfor the first time that incorporation of 4-HNE-metabolizing glutathioneS-transferase (GST) isozyme, hGSTA4-4, into adherent cell lines HLE B-3 and CCL-75, by either cDNA transfection or microinjection of active enzyme, leads to their transformation. ...

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  • It might seem bizarre that scientists should turn to deadly snakes to discover new medicines to treat life threatening conditions like hypertension (high blood pressure). but medicine and snake venom share a common aim – to change biological function. Venoms are extremely complex, each containing as many as 100 differen substances, and scientists believe they can yield a wide range of medicines. Research into the brazilian pit viper venom produced the first in a new class of anti-hypertensive medicines – the angiotensin-converting enzym (ACE) inhibitors9.

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  • The past five years have seen an acceleration in the development of competencies in different health professional fields, including medicine, nursing, midwifery, and public health. Many of these efforts have been driven by the professional organizations themselves, in an attempt to define expected knowledge, skills and behaviors of graduate practitioners. While making important contributions, many fall short of a fully implemented CBE model often because of a focus on learning objectives that do not align with how a true competency is defined. ...

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  • In 2009 the OFD launched a Twitter page: twitter.com/BCHFacultyDev, with notes on OFD programs and online links to publications of interest to faculty to broaden our network and outreach. The site includes 90 followers, both internal and external, and an ever increasing number of “clicks” per link. Career and Family Network The OFD sponsors a luncheon series, an innovative model developed and hosted by Drs. Jenifer Lightdale and Lydia Shrier, for faculty balancing family life and a career in academic medicine. Drs.

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  • This research showed how animal models can predict patient response not just to a particular medicine, but to different combinations of therapy – a critical factor in cancer treatment. for example, animal studies with combinations of tamoxifen and aromatase inhibitors did not show any improvement over established treatments. Professor brodie described how aromatase inhibitor therapy alone had been shown to be the most effective16. Her preliminary research excited doctors who ran the first clinical trial.

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  • Cambridge researchers César Milstein and George Köhler won a Nobel Prize in 1984 for their work developing monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). Each mAb is a specific antibody, a ‘magic bullet’ protein that targets and attacks one particular substance or cell. Milstein and Köhler found a way to produce these magic bullets in unlimited quantities. mAbs are proteins produced in the laboratory from the cells of the immune system that make antibodies.

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  • This guideline offers best practice advice on how to involve patients in decisions about prescribed medicines and how to support adherence. All NICE clinical guidelines state that treatment and care should take into account patients’ needs and preferences and patients should have the opportunity to make informed decisions about their care and treatment, in partnership with their healthcare professionals. Good communication between healthcare professionals and patients is essential.

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  • Secondary prevention refers to the detection and management of presympto- matic disease, and the prevention of its progression to symptomatic disease. Screening is the dominant practice in this space, exemplified by cancer screening (e.g., mammography, colonoscopy), and cardiac risk screening (e.g., lipid testing, blood pressure screens). The margins between primary and secondary prevention can at times blur, depending on definitions used for diseases, their risks, and their antecedents.

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  • As the modern era has ended formal assimilation policies and introduced multicultural policies that support Indigenous traditionalism, an interesting challenge is now faced by Indigenous Peoples, the institutionalization of tradition! (RCAP, 1996; Waldrum, 1997; Frideres, 1993). The fact that government agencies “support” the revitalization of Aboriginal “culture and heritage” creates the need to analyze what kind of impact these new policies will have on specific areas, most critically, traditional medicine.

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  • The American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) is the specialty society for physicians that focus on infertility. The organization has a Practice Committee that issues regular reports, including guidelines on minimal standards for providing ART, informed consent, and on the number of embryos to be transferred in IVF procedures. The guidelines are distributed to all members of ASRM, are published in the Society's journal, Fertility and Sterility, and are available to the public on ASRM's website (www.asrm.org).

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  • A number of techniques can assist the physician with the growing number of recommended screening tests. An appropriately configured electronic health record can provide reminder systems that make it easier for physicians to track and meet guidelines. Some systems provide patients with secure access to their medical records, providing an additional means to enhance adherence to routine screening. Systems that provide nurses and other staff with standing orders are effective for smoking prevention and immunizations.

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  • Table 52-4 Selected Common Dermatologic Conditions Dia gnosis mmon Co ual Us is Diagnos mmon Co al Usu Distributi on Morpholo gy Distributio Morpholog n y Ac ne vulgaris e, back Fac upper en closed Op Seborrh Tru nk, face Bro wn plaques with adherent, greasy and eic keratosis comedone s, erythemat ous papules, pustules, cysts scale; "stuck on" appearance Ros acea Blu sh area of thema, cheeks, nose, forehead, chin Ery Folliculi tisImpetigo hair- Any cular Folli telangiecta ses, papules, pustules bearing pustulesPap areaAnywh ules, ere vesicles, pustules, often...

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  • A–D. The distribution of some common dermatologic diseases and lesions Figure 52-7 Psoriasis. This papulosquamous skin disease is characterized by small and large erythematous papules and plaques with overlying adherent silvery scale.

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  • Miscellaneous Metabolic disorders—ketoacidosis, acute renal failure, eclampsia, acute poisoning Drugs—lithium Other—metastatic carcinoma, acute hemorrhage or hemolysis Abnormal Neutrophil Function Inherited and acquired abnormalities of phagocyte function are listed in Table 61-3. The resulting diseases are best considered in terms of the functional defects of adherence, chemotaxis, and microbicidal activity. The distinguishing features of the important inherited disorders of phagocyte function are shown in Table 61-4.

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  • Interest in trends in the health of the elderly has become widespread in recent years. Until about two decades ago, trends in mortality were assumed to provide a good indicator of the health of the elderly, and because mortality was decreasing fairly steadily, it was assumed that health was improving. Subsequently, both researchers and policy makers have come to understand that health is a multidimensional concept and that trends in mortality do not necessarily represent trends in all other dimensions of health; and, in fact, change in all dimensions does not have to be similar....

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  • The interest in films taken by feminists stems from concern about the under-representation and misrepresentation of women in cinema. It adopts a critical approach towards gender bias on celluloid.

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  • Approximately18% of the global cattle population is from SAP. Out of this, the largest share is from India, which has about 10% of the world’s population by itself. In Asia, about 90% of the contribution of the livestock sector is from small holders and this proportion is pretty consistent across countries. The respective agriculture policies of the countries show a serious commitment of governments to improve the general economy through the livestock sector, with particular support to smallholders.

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