Membrane permeation

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  • My introduction to membranes was as a graduate student in 1963. At that time membrane permeation was a sub-study of materials science. What is now called membrane technology did not exist, nor did any large industrial applications of membranes. Since then, sales of membranes and membrane equipment have increased more than 100-fold and several tens of millions of square meters of membrane are produced each year—a membrane industry has been created.

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  • The cloned guinea-pig Y2 neuropeptide Y (NPY) receptors expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, as well as the Y2 receptors natively expressed in rat forebrain, are distributed in two populations. A smaller population that is readily accessed by agonist peptides on the surface of intact cells constitutes less than 30% of Y2 receptors detected in particulates after cell homogenization. A much larger fraction of cell surface Y2 sites can be activated by sulfhydryl modifiers.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'color atlas of pharmacology 2nd edition', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • The drug concentration inside multidrug-resistant cells is the outcome of competition between the active export of drugs by drug efflux pumps, such as P-glycoprotein (Pgp), and the passive permeation of drugs across the plasma membrane. Thus, reversal of multidrug resistance (MDR) can occur either by inhibition of the efflux pumps or by acceleration of the drug per-meation.

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  • The high water permeability of certain biological membranes is due to the presence of aquaporin water channel proteins. AQP1 was discovered in human red cells. AQP1 has been thoroughly characterized biophysically, and the atomic structure of AQP1 has been elucidated. Ten homologs have been identified in humans. These are selectively permeated by water (aquaporins) or water plus glycerol (aquaglyceroporins). The sites of expres-sion predict the clinical phenotypes in humans. Individuals lack-ing Colton blood group antigens have mutations in the AQP1 gene. ...

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  • Depth of bilayer penetration and effects on lipid mobility conferred by themembrane-active peptidesmagainin, melit-tin, and a hydrophobic helical sequence KKA(LA)7KK (denoted KAL), were investigated by colorimetric and time-resolved fluorescence techniques in biomimetic phos-pholipid/poly(diacetylene)vesicles. The experiments dem-onstrated that the extent of bilayer permeation and peptide localization within the membrane was dependent upon the bilayer composition, and that distinct dynamic modifica-tions were induced by each peptide within the head-group environment of the phospholipids....

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  • Introduction: Mixed ionic–electronic conductors (MIECs) have been and continue to be of interest for strategic applications related to energy conversion and environmental monitoring including batteries, fuel cells, permeation membranes, and sensors. Within solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), for instance, nanostructured ionic and electronic conducting materials can increase the electrochemical performance of the cathode and thus could potentially facilitate lower-temperature operation and thereby provide faster start-up times, improved stability, and less complicated thermal management. ...

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  • Reactive liquid-liquid extraction of inorganic acids with amines and effect of solvating diluents; Liquid extraction of tall oil from wastewaters of paper industry • Supercritical fluid extraction of natural products; Enzymatic reactions in supercritical CO2; Solubilities of liquids and solids in dense CO2 with entrainer • Relation between the morphology and application properties of polymer catalysts and adsorbents • Study of the permeation and pervaporation of volatile organic substance (propan-1-ol, toluene) • Observation of the competitive adsorption on Vycor glass membr...

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  • 16 Membrane Separation 16.1 OVERVIEW Membrane separation has developed into an important technology for separating VOCs and other gaseous air pollutants from gas streams during the past 15 years. The first commercial application was installed in 1990, and more than 50 systems have been installed in the chemical process industry worldwide.1 The technology utilizes a polymeric membrane that is more permeable to condensable organic vapors, such as C3+ hydrocarbons and aromatics, than it is to noncondensable gases such as methane, ethane, nitrogen, and hydrogen.

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  • Diffusion is the transport of matter from one point to another by thermal motion of atoms or molecules. It is relatively fast in gases, slow in liquids, and very slow in solids. Diffusion plays a key rˆole in many processes as diverse as intermixing of gases and liquids, permeation of atoms or molecules through membranes, evaporation of liquids, drying of timber, doping silicon wafers to make semiconductor devices, and transport of thermal neutrons in nuclear power reactors.

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  • The separation performance of plasticizer/polysulfone (TGN/PSF) pervaporation membrane was studied. The optimum amount of plasticizer (TGN) in PSF membranes improved the diffusion selectivity of water to ethanol, which was due to the increase in the permeate diffusion rate difference between water to ethanol molecules. On the other hand

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