Individual differences that have consequences for work behaviors (e.g., job performance)
are of great concern for organizations, both public and private. General
mental ability has been a popular, although much debated, construct in Industrial,
Work, and Organizational (IWO) Psychology for almost 100 years. Individuals
differ on their endowments of a critical variable—intelligence—and differences
on this variable have consequences for life outcomes.
Children and adolescents with good mental health are able to achieve and maintain
optimal psychological and social functioning and well-being. They have a sense of
identity and self-worth, sound family and peer relationships, an ability to be productive
and to learn, and a capacity to tackle developmental challenges and use cultural
resources to maximize growth. Moreover, the good mental health of children and
adolescents is crucial for their active social and economic participation.
Coma: a state of unconsciousness from which the patient cannot be aroused, even by powerful stimuli. Traumatic brain injuries are the most frequent cause; other causes include severe uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, liver disease, kidney disease, and neurologic conditions
Dementia: a general loss of mental abilities, including impairment of memory and often impairments in speech, coordination, ability to understand sensory stimuli, and other mental faculties.
Second is the growth of the student's ability to visualize. The creative designer must be able to develop a mental image of that which he is inventing. The editor of the book Seeing with the Mind's Eye/41 by Samuels and Samuels, says in the preface:
"... visualization is the way we think. Before words, images were. Visualization is the heart of the bio-computer. The human brain programs and self-programs through its images. Riding a bicycle, driving a car, learning to read, baking a cake, playing golf - all skills are acquired through the image making process.
This chapter describes the development of a humanoid robotic language and the creation of
a virtual reality system for the simulation of humanoid robots. In this chapter we propose a
description language for specifying motions for humanoid robots and for allowing
humanoid robots to acquire motor skills. Locomotion greatly increases our ability to interact
with our environments, which in turn increases our mental abilities. This principle also
applies to humanoid robots.
The elderly population is seen differently in developing
and developed countries. In the former, the age limit for
a person to be considered old is 60 years; in the latter,
this age limit is 65 years. This differentiation emerged
during the First United Nations World Summit on
Population Aging, through Resolution number 39/125(1).
The need to establish chronological parameters for old
age becomes more relevant as social and health actions
As a people, we want to believe that we can learn, change, and
master whatever comes our way. The ability to ‘‘pull ourselves up
by our bootstraps’’ has long been one of our most treasured workplace
traits. We have continually wanted to reinvent ourselves at
the organizational and employee levels, which speaks to our longstanding
ability to adapt to stressful changes.
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài:Self-reported work ability of Norwegian women in relation to physical and mental health, and to the work environment
communications revolution began changing our world toward the end
of the last millennium.With the introduction of public access to the Internet,
an interconnected global community was formed for the first time in
the history of mankind.
Among the many millions who logged on and began using the new,
instant, always-available communications medium were mental health professionals
and consumers of mental health services. The ability of the Internet
to benefit the community of clinicians and clients is almost self-evident....
In so few words, this poem beautifully captures what is so vital about early
emotional development and its importance in the human condition. It is the
willingness and ability to embrace fully and experience the broad spectrum of
emotional states, including those that are painful and distressing, that may be
key to mental health and adaptive personal development.
Patients provide valid informed consent to a treatment or a
diagnostic procedure if they have sufficient capacity, have been
given appropriate information, and give consent freely without coercion
or undue influence. When a patient’s capacity for treatment
consent is in doubt, a clinician must determine whether the patient
indeed has the capacity. It is a common reason behind requests for
psychiatric consultations in a general hospital (Appelbaum, 2007).
In February 2007, NACHC produced the document “Elderly Services In Health Centers: A Guide to
Position Your Health Center to Serve a Growing Elderly Population.” That document presented issues for
health centers to consider to meet elders’ health care needs and to take advantage of opportunities presented
by the growing elderly population.
would like to introduce this encyclopedia of psychology
by focusing on both twenty-first century
and more distant historical contexts, while additionally
highlighting the scope and depth of the work of
psychologists, their students, and their supporters.
As reading these volumes will show, psychology is a
diverse and large field. It is also a science. I remind
readers that most of the research described in these
volumes is completed through the silent contributions
of tens of thousands of volunteers as well as
nonhuman animal participants.
Social media gives us the ability to communicate instantly, yet most marketers have not developed the communication skills to address real time,” observes globally recognized marketing strategist, DaviD MeerMaN ScoTT. “Marketers have been trained with a campaign mentality, spending weeks planning, designing and executing in a sequential manner. Social marketing is changing that. We now need the ability to react instantly to breaking news, changes on our websites and negative customer feedback....
One potential benefit of early identification is the ability to plan
for the anticipated further cognitive decline. For example, the
assignment of a sustaining power of attorney can be made at a time
before mental incompetence occurs, obviating more complex
maneuvers to handle an individual’s estate at a later date. The ability to
discuss advance directives with an individual is another potential
The prefrontal network plays an important role in behaviors that require an integration of thought with emotion and motivation. There is no simple formula for summarizing the diverse functional affiliations of the prefrontal network. Its integrity appears important for the simultaneous awareness of context, options, consequences, relevance, and emotional impact so as to allow the formulation of adaptive inferences, decisions, and actions.
In extreme cases of mental disability, substituted judgment may be appropriate when
a severe emotional disturbance or cognitive impairment compromises an individual’s
ability to give informed consent. Any restriction or denial of decision-making author-
ity to a disabled woman should be the consequence of an objective procedure, con-
taining proper legal safeguards against every form of abuse. This procedure must be
based on an evaluation of the capability of the mentally disabled person by qualified
experts, subject to periodic review and to appeal.
When you apply for a driver’s license, you will be asked about any physical or mental
conditions that may potentially impair your safe operation of a motor vehicle, or any
medications you use (prescribed or over-the-counter), drugs or alcohol that may impair
your driving ability. In certain instances, you must provide a Medical Report complet-
ed by your doctor verifying your medical ability to safely operate a motor vehicle. The
report must be presented to the Driver Services facility personnel within 90 days from
the date the doctor signs it....