Children and adolescents with good mental health are able to achieve and maintain
optimal psychological and social functioning and well-being. They have a sense of
identity and self-worth, sound family and peer relationships, an ability to be productive
and to learn, and a capacity to tackle developmental challenges and use cultural
resources to maximize growth. Moreover, the good mental health of children and
adolescents is crucial for their active social and economic participation.
The aim of this volume is to focus on how counseling psychology fosters and
builds optimal human strength and well-being. Counseling psychology in some
form has always been a vital part of promoting good health and preventing
mental, physical, and social disorders. The chapters in this book show how
counseling psychology plays a major role in helping people make changes at
home, work, and in the community in ways that prevent disease risk and
strengthen personal and social resources.
Recent Supreme Court decisions categorically preclude the application of capital
punishment to convicted offenders who were below the age of eighteen or mentally
retarded at the time they committed the crimes for which they were sentenced.1 Neither
opinion suggests that offenders in these categories cannot be criminally responsible
for their offenses, and the Atkins opinion explicitly recognizes that some mentally
retarded offenders can qualify as criminally responsible for their offenses.
This article raises questions that must be solved if psychol- ogists are to develop a science of positive psychology. First, how should psychology quantify positive mental health? At present, psychology has no metric except per-haps scores of greater than 85 on the DSM-1V's Axis V (Global Assessment of Functioning). If more reliable meth- ods or assessing the relative maturity of defenses can be developed, psychology may gain a means of quantifying the theoretical formula for positive mental health that Marie Jahoda (1959) offered to psychology 40 years ago.
Mental health has been hidden behind a curtain of stigma and discrimination for too long. It is time to bring it out into
the open. The magnitude, suffering and burden in terms of disability and costs for individuals, families and societies
are staggering. In the last few years, the world has become more aware of this enormous burden and the potential
for mental health gains. We can make a difference using existing knowledge ready to be applied.
We need to enhance our investment in mental health substantially and we need to do it now. Investment of ﬁnancial and human resources.
Most of us, at one time or another, want to collect more useful
data and make better decisions. When we make mistakes, we
promise ourselves to "pay more attention to what is going on"
or "consider all the factors before making a decision." But the
truth is, we may not know how to pay more attention to what is
going on, and we have little idea how to consider all the factors
before making a decision. The purpose of this book is to provide you with activities
FUNCTIONS OF TYPE
that you can use to strengthen your mental data-collection and
The medicine of the future will no longer be remedial, it will
be preventive; not based on drugs but on the best diet for
health. This document explores the issue:
What is Optimum Nutrition? The subject of nutrition is massively wide and deep. There is so much to know
and so many seemingly contradictory theories on the subject of nutrition and
its relationship with human physiology and mental function.
Clearly a more stratified approach to clinical trials would help identify those subgroups who
appear to be the best responders to a particular intervention. To date however there is little
to suggest that stratification on the basis of clinical characteristics successfully helps predict
which drugs work best for which patients. There is a pressing need for the development of
biomarkers with clinical utility, for mental health problems.
Clinical neurophysiology encompasses the application of a wide variety of electrophysiologic methods to the
analysis and recording of normal function, as well as to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases involving
the central nervous system, peripheral nervous system, autonomic nervous system and muscles. The steady
increase in growth of subspecialty knowledge and skill in neurology has led to the need for a compilation
of the whole range of physiologic methods applied in each of the major categories of neurologic disease.
We know the interventions that can save most women’s lives. If every
woman had access to essential maternal care, 74% of maternal deaths could
be prevented4. If all women had access to self–controlled means of HIV/
AIDS protection and were in a position within society to use these methods,
millions of HIV/AIDS deaths could be prevented. Thus, we do not so much
need new technology, as we need to ensure universal access, utilization and equity.
But ensuring universal access, utilization and equity means that our health
services cannot continue to function as “business as usual.
The population of disabled elderly in the United States is
growing rapidly. The number of Americans who will suffer
functional disability due to arthritis, stroke, diabetes,
coronary artery disease, cancer, or cognitive impairment is
expected to increase at least 300 percent by 2049.1
Although people tend to develop chronic conditions as they
age, growing old does not have to mean becoming disabled.
The elderly population is seen differently in developing
and developed countries. In the former, the age limit for
a person to be considered old is 60 years; in the latter,
this age limit is 65 years. This differentiation emerged
during the First United Nations World Summit on
Population Aging, through Resolution number 39/125(1).
The need to establish chronological parameters for old
age becomes more relevant as social and health actions
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí hóa học quốc tế đề tài : Adolescents' wellbeing and functioning: relationships with parents' subjective general physical and mental health
The first rudimentary notion of what can be called risk, may have arisen, according to
Covello and Munpower (1985), around 3200 BC in the valley between the Tigris and
Euphrates Rivers, where lived a group called “Asipu”. A major function of this group was to
help people who needed to make difficult decisions. The “Asipus”, when sought, identified
the scale of the problem, the alternatives and the consequences of each alternative. Then,
they drew up a table, marking the positive and negative points of each alternative to
indicate the best decision....
THE title of the present work is in itself a sufficiently clear indication of the contents. In it, the attempt is
made to show the connexion between two sciences whose subject−matters are closely interrelated, but which
have, for the most part, followed wholly divergent paths. Physiology and psychology cover, between them,
the field of vital phenomena; they deal with the facts of life at large, and in particular with the facts of human
Recent developments/efforts to understand aspects of the brain function at the subneural
level are discussed. MicroTubules (MTs), protein polymers constructing the
cytoskeleton, participate in a wide variety of dynamical processes in the cell. Of special
interest to us is the MTs participation in bioinformation processes such as learning
and memory, by possessing a well-known binary error-correcting code [K1(13, 26, 5)]
with 64 words. In fact, MTs and DNA/RNA are unique cell structures that possess
a code system.
Clinical neurophysiology is an area of medical
practice focused primarily on measuring function
in the central and peripheral nervous
systems, the autonomic nervous system, and
muscles. The specialty identifies and characterizes
diseases of these areas, understands
their pathophysiology, and, to a limited extent,
treats them. Clinical neurophysiology relies
entirely on the measurement of ongoing
function—either spontaneous or in response
to a defined stimulus—in a patient.
Horizontal integration. The concept of horizontal integration recognizes the inter-
dependence of physical, mental, developmental, and oral health services; the inef-
ficiencies that result when programs with common outcomes goals are operated
independently in different sectors; and the importance of cross-sector service de-
livery pathways and innovative delivery platforms to create more-functional con-
tinuums of care.
Quadriparesis or Generalized Weakness
Generalized weakness may be due to disorders of the CNS or of the motor unit. Although the terms quadriparesis and generalized weakness are often used interchangeably, quadriparesis is commonly used when an upper motor neuron cause is suspected, and generalized weakness when a disease of the motor unit is likely.
Weakness from CNS disorders is usually associated with changes in consciousness or cognition, with spasticity and brisk stretch reflexes, and with alterations of sensation.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Is there a protective effect of normal to high intellectual function on mental health in children with chronic illness?