Miscellaneous Metabolic disorders—ketoacidosis, acute renal failure, eclampsia, acute poisoning
Other—metastatic carcinoma, acute hemorrhage or hemolysis
Abnormal Neutrophil Function
Inherited and acquired abnormalities of phagocyte function are listed in Table 61-3. The resulting diseases are best considered in terms of the functional defects of adherence, chemotaxis, and microbicidal activity. The distinguishing
features of the important inherited disorders of phagocyte function are shown in Table 61-4.
(BQ) Part 2 book "Principles of critical care" presents the following contents: Neurologic disorders, hematologic and oncologic disorders, renal and metabolic disorders, gastrointestinal disorders, the surgical patient, special problems in critical care.
(BQ) Part 2 book "Vitiligo and other hypomelanoses of hair and skin" presents the following contents: Hypomelanoses associated with nutritional and metabolic disorders, hypomelanosis associated with endocrine disorders, hypomelanosis secondary to irradiation and physical trauma, chemical hypomelanosis, miscellaneous hypomelanoses,....
(BQ) Part 2 book "Harrison's endocrinology" presents the following contents: Diabetes mellitus, obesity, lipoprotein metabolism; disorders affecting multiple endocrine systems; disorders of bone and calcium metabolism; laboratory values of clinical importance.
(BQ) Part 1 book "Nelson essentials of pediatrics" presents the following contents: The profession of pediatrics, growth and development, behavioral disorders, psychiatric disorders, pediatric nutrition and nutritional disorders, fluids and electrolytes, metabolic disorders, fetal and neonatal medicine,... and other contents.
(BQ) Part 2 book "Escourolle & poirier’s manual of basic neuropathology" presentation of content: Acquired metabolic disorders, hereditary metabolic diseases, congenital malformations and perinatal diseases, pathology of skeletal muscle, pathology of peripheral nerve, diseases of the pituitary gland.
(BQ) Part 1 book "Preoperative assessment and management" presentation of content: Risk reduction and risk assessment, overview of preoperative evaluation and testing, ischemic heart disease, endocrine and metabolic disorders, hematologic issues, renal disease, hepatobiliary disease, neurologic disease.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), like
hepatitis C and HIV, is a disease of our generation.
Mostly unrecognized prior to 1980 and seldom taken
seriously until the past few years, NAFLD has seemingly
been thrust upon us unexpectantly like an
orphaned child left at our clinical bedside. In fact,
NAFLD was conceived during the industrial revolution,
which caused food to be processed differently,
provided that food more abundantly and made physical
work less demanding.
Chronic Granulomatous Disease Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a group of disorders of granulocyte and monocyte oxidative metabolism. Although CGD is rare, with an incidence of 1 in 200,000 individuals, it is an important model of defective neutrophil oxidative metabolism. Most often CGD is inherited as an X-linked recessive trait; 30% of patients inherit the disease in an autosomal recessive pattern. Mutations in the genes for the four proteins that assemble at the plasma membrane account for all patients with CGD.
The role of the placental bed in normal pregnancy and
its complications has been intensively investigated for
50 years, following the introduction of a technique for
placental bed biopsy. It is now recognized that disorders
of the maternal–fetal interface in humans have
been implicated in a broad range of pathological conditions,
including spontaneous abortion, preterm
labor, preterm premature rupture of membranes, preeclampsia,
intrauterine growth restriction, abruptio
placentae, and fetal death.
I am delighted to have the opportunity to edit this important issue of Obstetrics and
Gynecology Clinics of North America on the topic of Medical Complications in Pregnancy.
The broad field of medicine changes rapidly, with constantly occurring new
breakthroughs, approaches, and recommendations. The area of medical disorders in
pregnancy encompasses a broad range of diseases; a woman may have a long-term
chronic disorder that can have major implications for undertaking a pregnancy. Yet,
other medical conditions are unique to pregnancy but also influence gestational
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: Treatment The major abnormality in patients with PCOS is the failure of regular, predictable ovulation. Thus, these patients are at risk for the development of dysfunctional bleeding and endometrial hyperplasia associated with unopposed estrogen exposure. Endometrial protection can be achieved with the use of oral contraceptives or progestins (medroxyprogesterone acetate, 5–10 mg, or prometrium, 200 mg daily for 10–14 days of each month).
(BQ) Part 2 book "Rogers' textbook of pediatric intensive care" presents the following contents: Respiratory disease, neuromuscular disease, neurologic disease, cardiac disease, immunologic diseases, infectious diseases, nutritional and gastrointestinal disorders, oncologic and hematologic disorders, renal, endocrine and metabolic disorders.
Patients with neuromuscular disease often have an abnormal gait, occasionally as a presenting feature. With distal weakness (peripheral neuropathy) the step height is increased to compensate for foot drop, and the sole of the foot may slap on the floor during weight acceptance. Neuropathy may be associated with a degree of sensory imbalance, as described above. Patients with myopathy or muscular dystrophy more typically exhibit proximal weakness. Weakness of the hip girdle may result in a degree of excess pelvic sway during locomotion.
Metabolic and Inflammatory Disorders Acute febrile illnesses may result in vascular damage. This can result from immune complexes containing viral antigens or the viruses themselves. Certain pathogens, such as the rickettsiae causing Rocky Mountain spotted fever, replicate in endothelial cells and damage them. Vascular purpura may occur in patients with polyclonal gammopathies but more commonly in those with monoclonal gammopathies, including Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia, multiple myeloma, and cryoglobulinemia.
Nutritional counseling and management are becoming important in health care,
particularly in the management of a number of chronic conditions and diseases. The
publication of this book is timely, because it aims to help physicians and their staffs
identify conditions and diseases that can be treated effectively with nutritional
intervention, and provides specifics on appropriate counseling and management.
The first of the 13 chapters discusses nutritional support for children, with
emphasis on premature infants, cystic fibrosis, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia....
Mood disorders are a crucial group of mental disorders that last for a life time, cause psychosocial dysfunction, disrupts interpersonal relationships and are overall highly restrictive. The facts that mood disorders are seen as high as 3-5% of the society and 70% of the patients' first psychiatric application puts forward that they are not well known show that these are a serious type of mental illness. The average time to make the right diagnose is reported as 10 years.
Obesity is a central feature of the metabolic syndrome and is associated
with increased risk for insulin resistance and type II diabetes. Here, we
investigated the contribution of human apoliprotein E3 and mouse apoli-protein E to the development of diet-induced obesity in response to
western-type diet. Our data show that apolipoprotein E contributes to the
development of obesity and other related metabolic disorders, and that
human apolipoprotein E3 is more potent than mouse apolipoprotein E in
promoting obesity in response to western-type diet. ...
(BQ) Part 2 book "Pathophysiology of disease - An introduction to clinical medicine" presents the following contents: Disorders of the adrenal medulla, disorders of the adrenal medulla, gastrointestinal disease, disorders of the exocrine pancreas, renal disease, disorders of the parathyroids & calcium & phosphorus metabolism, disorders of the endocrine pancreas,... Invite you to consult.