Metabolic disorders

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  • Miscellaneous Metabolic disorders—ketoacidosis, acute renal failure, eclampsia, acute poisoning Drugs—lithium Other—metastatic carcinoma, acute hemorrhage or hemolysis Abnormal Neutrophil Function Inherited and acquired abnormalities of phagocyte function are listed in Table 61-3. The resulting diseases are best considered in terms of the functional defects of adherence, chemotaxis, and microbicidal activity. The distinguishing features of the important inherited disorders of phagocyte function are shown in Table 61-4.

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  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), like hepatitis C and HIV, is a disease of our generation. Mostly unrecognized prior to 1980 and seldom taken seriously until the past few years, NAFLD has seemingly been thrust upon us unexpectantly like an orphaned child left at our clinical bedside. In fact, NAFLD was conceived during the industrial revolution, which caused food to be processed differently, provided that food more abundantly and made physical work less demanding.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'diseases and disorders diabetes', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • The role of the placental bed in normal pregnancy and its complications has been intensively investigated for 50 years, following the introduction of a technique for placental bed biopsy. It is now recognized that disorders of the maternal–fetal interface in humans have been implicated in a broad range of pathological conditions, including spontaneous abortion, preterm labor, preterm premature rupture of membranes, preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction, abruptio placentae, and fetal death.

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  • I am delighted to have the opportunity to edit this important issue of Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America on the topic of Medical Complications in Pregnancy. The broad field of medicine changes rapidly, with constantly occurring new breakthroughs, approaches, and recommendations. The area of medical disorders in pregnancy encompasses a broad range of diseases; a woman may have a long-term chronic disorder that can have major implications for undertaking a pregnancy. Yet, other medical conditions are unique to pregnancy but also influence gestational outcomes.

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  • Chronic Granulomatous Disease Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a group of disorders of granulocyte and monocyte oxidative metabolism. Although CGD is rare, with an incidence of 1 in 200,000 individuals, it is an important model of defective neutrophil oxidative metabolism. Most often CGD is inherited as an X-linked recessive trait; 30% of patients inherit the disease in an autosomal recessive pattern. Mutations in the genes for the four proteins that assemble at the plasma membrane account for all patients with CGD.

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  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: Treatment The major abnormality in patients with PCOS is the failure of regular, predictable ovulation. Thus, these patients are at risk for the development of dysfunctional bleeding and endometrial hyperplasia associated with unopposed estrogen exposure. Endometrial protection can be achieved with the use of oral contraceptives or progestins (medroxyprogesterone acetate, 5–10 mg, or prometrium, 200 mg daily for 10–14 days of each month).

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  • Nutritional counseling and management are becoming important in health care, particularly in the management of a number of chronic conditions and diseases. The publication of this book is timely, because it aims to help physicians and their staffs identify conditions and diseases that can be treated effectively with nutritional intervention, and provides specifics on appropriate counseling and management. The first of the 13 chapters discusses nutritional support for children, with emphasis on premature infants, cystic fibrosis, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia....

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  • Mood disorders are a crucial group of mental disorders that last for a life time, cause psychosocial dysfunction, disrupts interpersonal relationships and are overall highly restrictive. The facts that mood disorders are seen as high as 3-5% of the society and 70% of the patients' first psychiatric application puts forward that they are not well known show that these are a serious type of mental illness. The average time to make the right diagnose is reported as 10 years.

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  • Obesity is a central feature of the metabolic syndrome and is associated with increased risk for insulin resistance and type II diabetes. Here, we investigated the contribution of human apoliprotein E3 and mouse apoli-protein E to the development of diet-induced obesity in response to western-type diet. Our data show that apolipoprotein E contributes to the development of obesity and other related metabolic disorders, and that human apolipoprotein E3 is more potent than mouse apolipoprotein E in promoting obesity in response to western-type diet. ...

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  • Neuromuscular Disease Patients with neuromuscular disease often have an abnormal gait, occasionally as a presenting feature. With distal weakness (peripheral neuropathy) the step height is increased to compensate for foot drop, and the sole of the foot may slap on the floor during weight acceptance. Neuropathy may be associated with a degree of sensory imbalance, as described above. Patients with myopathy or muscular dystrophy more typically exhibit proximal weakness. Weakness of the hip girdle may result in a degree of excess pelvic sway during locomotion.

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  • Metabolic and Inflammatory Disorders Acute febrile illnesses may result in vascular damage. This can result from immune complexes containing viral antigens or the viruses themselves. Certain pathogens, such as the rickettsiae causing Rocky Mountain spotted fever, replicate in endothelial cells and damage them. Vascular purpura may occur in patients with polyclonal gammopathies but more commonly in those with monoclonal gammopathies, including Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia, multiple myeloma, and cryoglobulinemia.

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  • Diabetes mellitus is a common disease all over the world and its frequency is steadily increasing. The availability of a wide variety of treatment options results in improvement or even normalization of hyperglycemia as well as of the accompanying metabolic disorders. However people with diabetes continue to suffer from the complications of the disease. Diabetic foot-related problems occur frequently and may have serious consequences. Amputations at different anatomical levels are the most serious of them....

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  • Since the publication of the first edition sixteen years ago, Inborn Metabolic Diseases – Diagnosis and Treatment has become a classic textbook, indispensable for those involved in the care of children and adults with inborn errors of metabolism, including pediatricians, biochemists, dieticians, neurologists, internists, geneticists, psychologists, nurses, and social workers. This new 4th edition has been extensively revised.

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  • Diabetes mellitus is a complex, progressive disease, which is accompanied by multiple complications. It is a metabolic disorder of the endocrine system and listed among the most common disorders in both developed and developing countries. It has a global metabolic epidemic and it is estimated that the number of people affected by the disease will rise from the current 150 to 230 million by 2025. Hyperglycaemia is a characteristic feature of diabetes mellitus and chronic hyperglycaemia could lead to long-term complications in the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart and blood vessels.

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  • The underlying principle in managing diabetes has undergone several important changes over the last two decades. Diabetes was once believed to be a disease with inevitable microvascular and macrovascular complications. Current approaches to management, however, recognize the benefit of maintaining tight glycemic control and addressing associated metabolic disorders.

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  • This chapter introduces the history, definitional and semantic issues, spectrum and general importance of non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD). Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a form of metabolic liver disease in which fatty change (steatosis) is associated with lobular inflammation, hepatocyte injury and/or hepatic fibrosis. It comprises a pathogenic link in the chain of NAFLD that extends from bland steatosis to some cases of ‘cryptogenic cirrhosis’.

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  • Có 5 loại : 1. Nhiễm toan chuyển hóa (metabolic acidosis) (ví dụ ngừng tim). 2. Nhiễm toan hô hấp (respiratory acidosis) (ví dụ bệnh phổi tắc mãn tính với ứ đọng CO2). 3. Nhiễm kiềm chuyển hóa (metabolic alkolosis) (ví dụ mửa kéo dài) 4. Nhiễm kiềm hô hấp (respiratory acidosis) (ví dụ hội chứng tăng thông khí). 5.

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  • This book began as a collection of articles on neuropsychiatric disease, but with a clear focus on Schizophrenia, which is a poorly understood but very disabling group of brain disorders. We now recognize schizophrenia as a disorder of the brain, but despite advances in treatment options we are still a long way from having effective treatments, particularly for cognitive symptoms, and lack effective interventions and ways to prevent this disease.

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  • Dr. Sharon Rounds, the editor for this series who invited us to write a book on rare lung diseases, developed the idea after attending the 2004 Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) Foundation annual research meeting. She was a keynote speaker at that event (during her tenure as the president of the American Thoracic Society) and was witness to the power of patient advocacy and the mission-based scientific effort that had brought this rare disease of women from obscurity to clinical trials with targeted molecular therapies in under a decade.

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