Metal catalysts

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  • Sintering refers to the science and technology of production objects from fines or powders. Being a very complex phenomenon, sintering covers a broad subject field and combines chemistry, physics and mechanics. Sintering deals with various material systems such as metals, non-metals, ceramics, polymers, and their combinations. Processes of sintering may occur in a wide temperature range - in a solid state as well as with participation of a liquid phase.

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  • Some compounds of -aminoketone type from benzylidene-(R)-anilines were synthesized by reaction between benzylideneanilines and methylketones (acetophenone, acetone) in the presence of hydrochloric acid as catalyst in the ethanol medium. The structure of obtained -aminoketones have been confirmed by using spectroscopic methods (IR-, 1 H- and 13 C-NMR, mass spectra). Their metallic corrosion inhibition properties also have been estimated on aluminum, copper and CT-3 steel using the immersion method.

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  • Some compounds of -aminoketone type have been synthesized by reaction between substituted benzylideneanilines and acetophenone in the present of hydrochloric acid as catalyst in the ethanol medium. These azomethines have been synthesized from substituted benzaldehydes and aniline. The structures of obtained -aminoketones have been confirmed by using spectroscopic methods (IR- and mass spectra). Their metallic corrosion inhibition properties also have been estimated on aluminum and CT-3 steel using immersion method.

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  • Polymers present a class of materials that play a role of importance growing in catalysis. Polymeric catalysts based on polypropylene-polyacrylic acid (PP-APA) were prepared by the two methods: co-polymerization in the presence of transition metal ions (Cu(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Mn(II)…) and soaking method. Their catalytic activity was determined by oxidation reactions of ions S2- and hydroquinone by molecular oxygen in normal condition.

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  • Controlled oxidation is increasingly being practiced using solid peroxides, pH modifiers, and catalysts that promote the generation of free radicals. This new approach moderates the rate of dissolution and peroxide generation, which in turn controls that rate of reaction between peroxide and the petroleum contaminants. The use of slurried peroxides creates the opportunity to release oxidants and oxygen over a longer period, which can promote subsequent aerobic remediation.

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  • Catalysis and Electrocatalysis at Nanoparticle Surfaces reflects many of the new developments of catalysis, surface science, and electrochemistry. The first three chapters indicate the sophistication of the theory in simulating catalytic processes that occur at the solid–liquid and solid–gas interface in the presence of external potential. The first chapter, by Koper and colleagues, discusses the theory of modeling of catalytic and electrocatalytic reactions.

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  • (BQ) Part 2 book "Methods and reagents for green chemistry" has contents: Enantioselective metal cata lyzed oxidat ion processes, zeolite catalysts for cleaner technologies, zeolite catalysts for cleaner technologies, biocatalysis for industrial green chemistry,...and other contents.

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  • Catalytic oxidation of organic compounds is an extremely important field of chemistry, spanning the range from biological oxidations to large scale industrial production of commodity chemicals. However, many of these transformations can hardly be classified as organometallic reactions, since the catalysts (often simple metal salts) and the intermediates can be rather regarded as coordination complexes than organometallic compounds.

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  • The annual production of various polymers can be measured only in billion tons of which polyolefins alone figure around 100 million tons per year. In addition to radical and ionic polymerization, a large part of this huge amount is manufactured by coordination polymerization technology. The most important Ziegler-Natta, chromium- and metallocene-based catalysts, however, contain early transition metals which are too oxophilic to be used in aqueous media.

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  • Solubility of the catalysts in water is determined by their overall hydrophilic nature which may arise either as a consequence of the charge of the complex ion as a whole, or may be due to the good solubility of the ligands. Although transition metal complexes with small ionic ligands, such as halides, pseudohalides or simple carboxylates can be useful for specific reactions the possibility of the variation of such ligands is very limited. As in organometallic catalysis in general, phosphines play a leading role in aqueous organometallic catalysis (AOC), too.

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  • Reactive liquid-liquid extraction of inorganic acids with amines and effect of solvating diluents; Liquid extraction of tall oil from wastewaters of paper industry • Supercritical fluid extraction of natural products; Enzymatic reactions in supercritical CO2; Solubilities of liquids and solids in dense CO2 with entrainer • Relation between the morphology and application properties of polymer catalysts and adsorbents • Study of the permeation and pervaporation of volatile organic substance (propan-1-ol, toluene) • Observation of the competitive adsorption on Vycor glass membr...

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  • This is the first volume of Advances in Nanoporous Materials, a new book series devoted to the science and application of all kinds of nanoporous solids. Its intention is to publish comprehensive reviews of lasting value in the field of nanoporous materials written by renowned experts. Its scope covers all aspects of nanoporous solids, including their preparation and structure, their post-synthetic modification, methods for their characterization as well as their application in catalysis and adsorption/separation....

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  • Wastes are very process-specific but the key pollutants can be derived from knowledge of: the process, construction materials, corrosion / erosion mechanisms and maintenance materials. Waste audits are used to gather information on the source, composition, quantity and variability of all wastes. Waste prevention typically involves preventing the arising of waste at source, minimising the arisings and recycling any waste that is generated.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'surface and nanomolecular catalysis - part 2 (end)', khoa học tự nhiên, hoá học phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • Amines are extremely important intermediates and end products of the chemical industry and are often obtained by hydrogenation of the corresponding nitro compounds or imines. A search of the literature reveals, that hydrogenation of nitro compounds catalyzed by well-defined molecular complexes in aqueous solutions is rare.

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  • Few terms have been more commonly used and abused in the scientific literature than nano. However, if one is able to sift through the vast amounts of nano literature, there are also numerous reports that are of both academic and commercial importance. This is particularly true for the field of catalysis in which rapid progress is being made that has transformed this once black art into a science, which is understood on a molecular and even atomic level.

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  • Investigations of kinetics of p-xylene deep oxidation on CuO/ -Al2O3 and CuO/ZSM-5 have been carried out. Specific surface area and pore size of catalyst samples as well as metallic state characteristics and catalytic properties of copper have been established. Catalyst CuO/ZSM-5 has been found to be more active than the first one, but it expressed lower stability because of less stable active form of Cu2+ on zeolite surface.

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  • Catalytic oxidation of m-xylene was carried out over the copper oxide catalyst loaded on SiO2 300 m2/g. The various techniques were used to characterize the catalysts x-ray diffraction, TPRH2, N2 adsorption-desorption, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), tranmission electron microscopy (TEM) and CO pulse chemisorptions. The results indicate that the impregnated solution concentration exerts an influence on the catalytic activity.

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  • In the Pt/-Al2O3 catalysts, the distribution of uniform, small particle-size Pt metal on the carrier with high surface area of metal will result in high catalytic activities and will economize noble metals. The distribution of metal depends on the technology of preparation and postpreparation. The influences of the impregnating, drying, calcining and reducing on the distribution of metal have been studied using by physic methods, scan electronic microscope (SEM), transmission electronic microscope (TEM), and the hydrogen distribution has been measured by the method of hydrogen absorption.

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  • Activated carbon (AC) from coconut shells is used as support for platinum catalysts. A series of catalysts based on platinum and Pt doped Sn were prepared by impregnation on different supports like AC and SiO2. It was shown that the nature of the support has a significant influence on the activity and selectivity to alkenes of the catalysts in the dehydrogenation of nhexane to alkenes. The higher activity and selectivity of the carbon supported platinum catalyst can be explained by higher dispersion of platinum particles of the catalysts.

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