Metal pollution

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  • Water pollution is a major global problem that requires ongoing evaluation and revision of water resource policy at all levels (from international down to individual aquifers and wells). It has been suggested that it is the leading worldwide cause of deaths and diseases, and that it accounts for the deaths of more than 14,000 people daily.

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  • Our global environment now consists of numerous natural and artificial metals. Metals have played a critical role in industrial development and technological advances. Most metals are not destroyed; indeed, they are accumulating at an accelerated pace, due to the ever-growing demands of modern society. A fine balance must be maintained between metals in the environment and human health. It is with this view in mind that this book has been written to address diverse issues surrounding heavy metals in the environment.

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  • Despite the tremendous progress that has been achieved in water pollution, almost 40% of the U.S. waters that have been assessed by states do not meet water quality goals. About 20,000 water bodies are impacted by siltation, nutrients, bacteria, oxygen depletion substances, metals, habitat alterations, pesticides, and toxic organic chemicals. With pollution from point sources being dramatically reduced, nonpoint source pollution is the major cause of most water that does not meet water quality goals.

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  • This volume aims at providing a coherent presentation of recent developments and understanding of heavy metal reactivity in soils. Such an understanding is necessary in addressing heavy metals concerns in the environment. The implicit framework of multiple reactivity acknowledges the widely known role played by the various colloidal surface functional groups in concomitant reactions. This overarching frame of reference allows unification between molecular structure-reactivity relationships at one scale and transport processes at the other....

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  • This book provides a comprehensive compilation of chapters in air quality modelling, monitoring, exposure, health and control. The book consists of two volumes. Air Pollution – Monitoring, Modelling and Health mainly consist of chapters describing pioneering research findings in air quality monitoring, modelling, exposure and health; Air Pollution – Monitoring, Modelling, Health and Control comprises research findings on air quality monitoring, modelling, exposure, health and control.

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  • I was delighted to respond to an invitation from Ventus Publishing to write a book on atmospheric pollution. It is a topic well enough served by books in the past, but has become increasingly important during these early years of the 21st Century. I believe therefore that there is a place for a review like this one and that notwithstanding the immense activity in the area the book will have a reasonable shelf life. This is because it continually relates the discussion to the principles of physics and chemistry, and these do not change....

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  • Non-point source controls washed off fields is the largest source of agricultural pollution in the United States. Farmers may utilize to reduce runoff flows and retain soil on their fields. Common techniques include contour plowing, crop mulching, crop rotation, planting perennial crops and installing riparian buffers. Nutrients nitrogen and phosphorus are typically applied to farmland as commercial fertilizer; animal manure; or spraying of municipal or industrial waste water (effluent) or sludge.

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  • The purpose of Pollution Probe’s Mercury Primer is to provide an overview of the presence and effects of mercury in the environment and its impacts on human health. The primer iden- tifies where mercury is being used and released, the risks asso- ciated with exposure to mercury, and ways to help prevent mercury pollution. The primer also describes what governments, businesses and individuals are doing to eliminate the use of mercury and prevent its release to the environment. Pollution Probe has done extensive work on mercury in the envi- ronment for nearly a decade.

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  • We have used a limited data set—comprised of a sector-level emissions inventory and original emissions estimates for a small sample of industrial facilities—to shed light on the links between maquiladoras, air pollution, and human health in Paso del Norte. We found that particulate emissions from maquiladoras undoubtedly have significant impacts on human health—collectively, these plants are probably responsible for dozens of cases of premature mortality and thousands of cases of respiratory disease each year.

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  • The activities of the Department of Defense (DOD) and its contractors in manufacturing, testing, maintaining, and disposing of military equipment make up a significant portion of the industrial processes conducted in the United States. As is the case with the commercial industries, some of these activities, such as metal plating, have resulted in industrial pollution and environmental contamination. With increasing environmental regulation of such processes in recent decades, defense facilities have been faced with growing compliance issues.

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  • Cadmium is a heavy metal and a pollutant that can be found in large quantities in the environment from industrial waste. Its toxicity for living organisms could arise from its ability to alter thiol-containing cellular com-ponents. Glutathione is an abundant tripeptide (c-Glu-Cys-Gly) that is described as the first line of defence against cadmium in many cell types.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'the applicability of remote sensing in the field of air pollution', khoa học tự nhiên, công nghệ môi trường phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • Denmark. Boffi et al. (2006) measured OTS respirable particle pollution in a car park (open space), outdoors in front of a conference center with smokers under a roof (18 smokers during a measurement time of 35 min), indoors in the nonsmoking conference center, along the motorway to Copenhagen city centre, and inside a Copenhagen restaurant where smoking was allowed. Boffi et al.

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  • Much new material has been added to this second edition. Besides a totally new chapter on radionuclides, the text has been reorganized and updated with separate chapters on metals, light nonaqueous phase liquids (LNAPLs), dense nonaqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs), and biodegradation. Also, some end-of-chapter exercises have been added. The dictionary of inorganic pollutants has been enlarged and some important organic pollutants added.

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  • required generates very strong magnetic fi elds in the vicinity of electrolysis tanks and induction furnaces. Workshops manufacturing parts in PVC or rubber use high-frequency welding processes to perform assembly. The propagation of strong magnetic fi elds and high-frequency waves is not easily controllable. It creates local pollution in the midst of which the monitoring and control equipment must be able to operate.

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  • The generation of wastes as a result of human activities has been continuously speeding up since the beginning of the industrial revolution. Hence, both optimized waste water treatment technologies and modern tools to assess the effects of pollution sources are necessary to prevent the contamination of aquatic ecosystems The book offers an interdisciplinary collection of topics concerning waste water treatment technologies, water quality monitoring and evaluation of waste water impact on natural environments.

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  • Much of the convenience of modern life resides in sheet metal, the cowling shield of most machines and appliances. However, the load that this takes off human shoulders has to be carried elsewhere, and the Earth has borne the burden. Many of us woke up to the environmental cost when over a century of industrialization finally surpassed the capacity of nature to assimilate it. International in scope, Heavy Metals in the Environment: Using Wetlands for Their Removal discusses wetland functions and heavy metal contamination.

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  • Worldwide, crude oil demand is unceasingly increasing. As a response, Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) processes have re‐gained interest from the research and development phases to the oilfield EOR implementation stage. This renewed interest has been also furthered by the current high oil price environment, the maturation of oilfields worldwide, and few new‐well discoveries. Concurrently, environmental concerns and public pressure related to crude oil pollution control and remediation of oilcontaminated sites are becoming greater than ever....

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  • Since the Second World War, and especially since the publication of Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring in 1962, there has been growing concern about contamination of the environment by “man-made” chemicals. These chemicals may be present in industrial and municipal effluents, in consumer or commercial products, in mine tailings, in petroleum products, and in gaseous emissions. Some chemicals such as pesticides may be specifically designed to kill biota present in natural or agricultural ecosystems. They may be organic, inorganic, metallic, or radioactive in nature.

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  • Environmental toxicology is the study of the impacts of pollutants upon the structure and function of ecological systems. For the purposes of this text, the emphasis will be upon ecological structures, from the molecular to the individual organism to the community and the ecosystem. The broad scope of environmental toxicology requires a multidisciplinary approach of a variety of specialists.

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