Xem 1-20 trên 85 kết quả Metaphor
  • Metaphors pervade our language because they are elastic enough to allow a speaker to express an affective viewpoint on a topic without committing to a specific meaning. This balance of expressiveness and indeterminism means that metaphors are just as useful for eliciting information as they are for conveying information.

    pdf6p nghetay_1 07-04-2013 13 2   Download

  • This paper presents a method for interpreting metaphoric language in the context of a portable natural language interface. The method licenses metaphoric uses via coercions between incompatible ontological sorts. The machinery allows both previously-known and unexpected metaphoric uses to be correctly interpreted and evaluated with respect to the backend expert system.

    pdf7p bunmoc_1 20-04-2013 11 2   Download

  • Although some progress has been made in the area of metaphor understanding, little has been made in metaphor generation. Current solutions rely upon a rather direct encoding of alternatives. There is no computational theory that can account for metaphor generation from basic principles. Although generating all types of metaphors from basic principles is very difficult, there is a subset of metaphors that are prevalent in natural expressions and perhaps more amenable to computational approaches. We call these transparentlymotivated (T-M) metaphors (Jones and McCoy 1992).

    pdf3p bunmoc_1 20-04-2013 22 2   Download

  • We illustrate how the use of metaphorical views for reasoning with metaphor requires the mapping of information such as event shape, event rate and mental/emotional states from the source domain to the target domain. Such mappings are domain-independent and can be implemented by means of rules we call View Neutral Mapping Adjuncts (VNMAs). We give a list of the main VNMAs that appear to be required, and show how they can be incorporated into a pre-existing system (ATT-Meta) for metaphorical reasoning. ...

    pdf6p bunthai_1 06-05-2013 16 2   Download

  • The aim of the thesis is to apply the theory in cognitive linguistics to Vietnamese to establish the conceptual structure and conceptual domain “food”, discover the target domains, the source domains, mapping system and the mapping mechanism among the conceptual domains; codifying metaphorical notion of "food" in Vietnamese in order to study cognitive characteristics and Vietnamese cultural identity through conceptual metaphor of "food”.

    doc29p change03 06-05-2016 3 2   Download

  • Automatic processing of metaphor can be clearly divided into two subtasks: metaphor recognition (distinguishing between literal and metaphorical language in a text) and metaphor interpretation (identifying the intended literal meaning of a metaphorical expression). Both of them have been repeatedly addressed in NLP. This paper is the first comprehensive and systematic review of the existing computational models of metaphor, the issues of metaphor annotation in corpora and the available resources. ...

    pdf10p hongdo_1 12-04-2013 17 1   Download

  • We present a game-theoretic model of bargaining over a metaphor in the context of political communication, find its equilibrium, and use it to rationalize observed linguistic behavior. We argue that game theory is well suited for modeling discourse as a dynamic resulting from a number of conflicting pressures, and suggest applications of interest to computational linguists.

    pdf12p hongdo_1 12-04-2013 10 1   Download

  • In this paper we provide a formalization of a set of default rules that we claim are required for the transfer of information such as causation, event rate and duration in the interpretation of metaphor. Such rules are domain-independent and are identified as invariant adjuncts to any conceptual metaphor. We also show a way of embedding the invariant mappings in a semantic framework.

    pdf4p hongvang_1 16-04-2013 18 1   Download

  • Each generalized metaphor contains a recognition network, a basic mapping, additional transfer mappings, and an implicit intention component. It is argued that the method reduces metaphor interpretation from a reconstruction to a recognition task.

    pdf2p bungio_1 03-05-2013 10 1   Download

  • Metaphorically, achievements, ideas, and theories are often seen as buildings, with an idea or the process of achieving something being similar to the process of building, and the failure of something being similar to the destruction of a building. Metaphorically, ideas are also like plants, and developing an idea is like getting plants to grow.

    pdf360p contentnew 10-05-2012 430 207   Download

  • Healing with Stories Your Casebook Collection for Using Therapeutic Metaphors Edited by George W. Burns John Wiley & Sons, Inc. .Praise for Healing with Stories “George Burns has become the ‘metaphor man.’ In this volume he showcases some of today’s best therapists healing with metaphors. These rich teaching stories provide valuable tools for students as well as professionals. I consider this volume must reading for anyone wanting to improve their psychotherapy service.

    pdf302p xunu1311 02-11-2012 15 5   Download

  • Metaphor - Lối nói ẩn dụ (Phần I) .Việc hiểu cách sử dụng lối nói ẩn dụ trong cuộc sống hàng ngày là rất quan trọng với học viên tiếng Anh vì người học có thể hiểu lối nói ẩn dụ gốc và phát sinh khi nghe thấy hoặc đọc thấy. Trong tiếng Anh, hàng ngàn từ có nghĩa ẩn dụ.

    pdf5p stylegau 21-06-2013 30 5   Download

  • Tham khảo tài liệu 'objects of metaphor phần 1', ngoại ngữ, ngữ pháp tiếng anh phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf32p kemoc9 29-07-2011 23 4   Download

  • Việc nghiên cứu thành ngữ từ quan điểm ngôn ngữ học tri nhận, đặc biệt là dưới góc độ ẩn dụ ý niệm và hoán dụ ý niệm đang ngày càng được giới nghiên cứu ngôn ngữ quan tâm trong lĩnh vực ngữ nghĩa học.

    pdf7p estupendo1 03-08-2016 5 4   Download

  • Tham khảo tài liệu 'objects of metaphor phần 2', ngoại ngữ, ngữ pháp tiếng anh phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf32p kemoc9 29-07-2011 28 3   Download

  • Tham khảo tài liệu 'objects of metaphor phần 4', ngoại ngữ, ngữ pháp tiếng anh phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf29p kemoc9 29-07-2011 29 3   Download

  • Tham khảo tài liệu 'objects of metaphor phần 8', ngoại ngữ, ngữ pháp tiếng anh phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf28p kemoc9 29-07-2011 33 3   Download

  • Tham khảo tài liệu 'objects of metaphor phần 10', ngoại ngữ, ngữ pháp tiếng anh phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf31p kemoc9 29-07-2011 33 3   Download

  • Tham khảo tài liệu 'objects of metaphor phần 3', ngoại ngữ, ngữ pháp tiếng anh phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf36p kemoc9 29-07-2011 28 2   Download

  • Tham khảo tài liệu 'objects of metaphor phần 5', ngoại ngữ, ngữ pháp tiếng anh phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf31p kemoc9 29-07-2011 39 2   Download

Đồng bộ tài khoản