Toward an R&D Program in Reading Comprehension. "One of the most vexing problems facing middle and secondary school teachers today is that many students come into their classrooms without the requisite knowledge, skills, or disposition to read and comprehend the materials placed before them. In an effort to inform the U.S.
A respectable period of time has passed since the first edition of this book, during which
several pressures have necessitated a second edition. Most important, there were the
inadvertent errors needing correction. The field has also had some significant changes,
not so much in methodology perhaps as in context, regulation, and the like. I can say
some things more clearly now than previously because many issues are better defined
or I care more (or less) about how the discussion will be received....
At the turn of the 20th century, the world's best engineers and mechanics attacked the weighty challenge of
human flight. They labored over ways to adapt what they knew -- heavy machinery -- to solve the problem.
The Wright Brothers looked at the same issue with a completely different perspective. As bicycle mechanics,
they used light materials and understood wind resistance. As machine shop owners, they understood the
nuances of motors and parts.
They knew steam engines wouldn't fly.
Methodology dialectical materialism is a philosophy department-specific knowledge, the nucleus is drawn from the entire Marxist - Leninist, including the perspective system, how the principles and measures for directing cognitive activities and practice of the subject.
Unfortunately, much of what has been written about software engineering comes from an academic perspective which does not always address the everyday concerns that software developers and managers face. With decreasing software budgets and increasing demands from users and senior management, technology directors need a complete guide to the subject of software engineering. The successor to the bestselling Software Engineering Productivity Handbook, this book fulfills that need.
This paper addresses issues in financial sector regulation from two perspectives. First, it reports on the state of implementation of financial regulatory standards across banking, insurance, and securities sectors in a select group of Fund member countries. Second, it raises issues relating to the design of these three sector standards, arising from the implementation experience and the evolving structure of financial systems. In this regard, the paper identifies a few emerging regulatory risks and some cross-sectoral issues that may warrant further guidance by standard setters....
This collection of essays seeks to explore the vernacular dialogues and contested identities that shaped a complex cultural and architectural phenomenon like Mediterranean modernism. The authors bring to light the debt twentiethcentury modernist architects owe to the vernacular building traditions of the Mediterranean region, a geographical area that touches three continents – Europe, Africa and Asia. This book is subdivided into two sections of essays by an international group of scholars who adopt a number of different methodological perspectives.
The concept of forest sustainability dates from centuries ago, although the
understanding of sustainable forest management (SFM) as an instrument that
harmonizes ecological and socio-economic concerns is relatively new. The change in
perspective occurred at the beginning of the 1990s in response to an increased
awareness of the deterioration of the environment, in particular of the alarming loss of
forest resources. The main and most striking cause of this deterioration is the
deforestation occurring in some areas of the world.
In the a-posteriori (post-hoc, natural or market defined) approach of market segmen-
tation, market segments are identified by forming groups of consumers that are inter-
nally homogeneous and externally heterogeneous along a set of measured consumer
characteristics ( segmentation variables). That is, a-posteriori market segments are
based on responses of consumers that are available only after a survey has been con-
"Constructive Anatomy" is George B. Bridgman's excellent book of anatomical drawing instruction. Ideal for beginning to intermediate artists, "Constructive Anatomy" begins with instruction on drawing hands and works its way through the human body giving detailed instruction on how to draw realistic human figures. Bridgman's drawing methodology builds upon the analysis of human anatomy, how the skeleton fits together, and how muscle sits upon the skeleton to create the human form.
The essays collected in this volume represent work carried out over a
period of more than ten years on a variety of problems in artificial intelligence,
the philosophy of mind and language, and natural-language
semantics, addressed from a perspective that takes as central the use of
formal logic and the explicit representation of knowledge.
Besides conducting national censuses, the CBS is a primary source of information for multi-sectoral
data in the country. It was in the early nineties that the CBS established a separate Household Survey
Section (HSS). This section initiated four small-scale surveys with funding from the GoN. Then a
comprehensive survey for Nepal was launched by the CBS in 1995/96 through its multi-topic
(consumption, income, housing, labor markets, education, health etc.) national household survey
called the Nepal Living Standards Survey (NLSS I) with financial assistance from the World Bank.
A gender audit is essentially a “social audit”, and belongs to the category of “quality audits”,
which distinguishes it from traditional “ﬁ nancial audits”. It considers whether internal practices
and related support systems for gender mainstreaming are effective and reinforce each other and
whether they are being followed. It establishes a baseline; identiﬁ es critical gaps and challenges;
and recommends ways of addressing them, suggesting possible improvements and innovations.
It also documents good practices towards the achievement of gender equality.
A major trend in the world economy in recent years has been the dynamic growth in
a number of regions including China, India, Brazil, Mexico, Russia and the new
European Union member states in Central Europe. The strong economic performance
of these regions will generate a major shift in world competitiveness with
important implications for Europe. Compared to this dynamism, economic growth
in Europe has been weak in recent years.
Implementation planning must identify who is accountable for the realisation of benefits – particularly if the
stakeholders concerned are external to departments or agencies. You are encouraged to consult the relevant
policy area of PM&C in developing your approach to this.
Be mindful that the milestones, tracked through the CIU reporting process, will focus on outcomes and
benefits, such as the expected impacts or level of user take-up, as well as the development of products,
services and programmes and their roll-out.
There is an important lesson that may be inferred from Jason's book. From his descriptions of project
management methodologies it is clear that what Jason has in mind is the "project life cycle" or, as we
prefer to call it, the "project life span". After all, the project life span is defined as: "The complete set of
time periods through which a project passes sequentially in a logical and orderly manner". Further, a
project may be defined as: "A process or undertaking that encompasses an entire set of activities having
. . . well defined objectives" and a process...
Development Life Cycle (SDLC), the classic "waterfall" approach (also arguably a software
development methodology); and Solutions-based Project Methodology, a simplified approach for
consultants to work with their clients. Possibly there may be hybrid combinations of these.
To this list, Jason could have added the TenStep methodology, at least that would have made five.
Nevertheless, when it comes to project management frameworks, there appear to be only two or three
that are generally applicable.
Abnormal profits (or the lack thereof) for mutual funds in the stock market have been studied
extensively in the literature (see e.g. Jensen (1968, 1969), Brown and Goetzmann (1995), Gruber
(1996), Carhart (1997)). The common theme that emerges from these studies is that true riskadjusted
abnormal profits are rare in stock portfolios held by mutual funds, and when found, such
profits lack persistence.
This book project began in the summer of 1998. I spent two weeks of that summer at Radi, a small village outside Siena,
discussing the contents of the MS with a sociologist and fellow doctoral student from the Zentrum für Höhere Studien
(ZHS) at the University of Leipzig, Andreas Westerwinter1. Our discussions were mostly about the value, if any, of the
discipline of geopolitics and the limited usefulness of neoclassical economics and modern political science for trying
to explain current economic events, in particular the emergence of China as an economic superpower.
Sometimes solidarity groups study the Women in Business manuals or other reading
materials together. In some village banks the solidarity group members screen each
other’s loan proposals and give suggestions. They can recommend to the management
committee whether or not a loan should be granted.
If one of the members of a solidarity group is having a problem with her business the
others might help her make her loan payment. Or if one of the members has to go to
the market for buying or selling, another member might look after her children. Since
the women in a...