Methods of defining

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  • This book is devoted to the rst acquaintance with the di erential geometry Therefore it begins with the theory of curves in three-dimensional Euclidean spac E. Then the vectorial analysis in E is stated both in Cartesian and curvilinea coordinates, afterward the theory of surfaces in the space E is considered. The newly fashionable approach starting with the concept of a di erentiabl manifold, to my opinion, is not suitable for the introduction to the subject.

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  • Amines are extremely important intermediates and end products of the chemical industry and are often obtained by hydrogenation of the corresponding nitro compounds or imines. A search of the literature reveals, that hydrogenation of nitro compounds catalyzed by well-defined molecular complexes in aqueous solutions is rare.

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  • Data can be defined as the quantitative or qualitative values of a variable. Data is plural of Datum which literally means to give or something given. Data is thought to be the lowest unit of information from which other measurements and analysis can be done. Data can be numbers, images, words, figures, facts or ideas. Data in itself cannot be understood and to get information from the data one must interpret it into meaningful information. There are various methods of interpreting data. Data sources are broadly classified into primary and secondary data....

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  • Dry-farming, as at present understood, is the profitable production of useful crops, without irrigation, on lands that receive annually a rainfall of 20 inches or less. In districts of torrential rains, high winds, unfavorable distribution of the rainfall, or other water-dissipating factors, the term "dry-farming" is also properly applied to farming without irrigation under an annual precipitation of 25 or even 30 inches. There is no sharp demarcation between dry-and humid-farming. When the annual precipitation is under 20 inches, the methods of dry-farming are usually indispensable.

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  • This paper proposes a learning method of translation rules from parallel corpora. This method applies the maximum entropy principle to a probabilistic model of translation rules. First, we define feature functions which express statistical properties of this model. Next, in order to optimize the model, the system iterates following steps: (1) selects a feature function which maximizes loglikelihood, and (2) adds this function to the model incrementally.

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  • After completing chapter 17 you should be able to: Explain the purpose and identify the building blocks of analysis, describe standards for comparisons in analysis, summarize and report results of analysis, explain and apply methods of horizontal analysis, describe and apply methods of vertical analysis, define and apply ratio analysis.

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  • Many language learners regard speaking ability as the measure of knowing a language. These learners define fluency as the ability to converse with others, much more than the ability to read, write, or comprehend oral language. They regard speaking as the most important skill they can acquire, and they assess their progress in terms of their accomplishments in spoken communication.

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  • Generally, a process is defined as a sequence of events that transforms the biological materials of food products, via biochemical changes, into stable forms with added value. This can create new products or modify existing ones. Process design refers to the design of food processes and manufacturing methods, while plant design refers to the design of the whole processing plant. The processing of food is no longer as simple or straightforward as in the past. Food process design is an interdisciplinary science that is highly regarded by the food industry.

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  • A java application can run inside a JVM and can only invoke the methods of the classes available inside this JVM • Distributed computing or processing resolves around clientserver technology where several client programs communicate with one or more server applications.An RMI application has to expose methods, which remote clients can invoke. • These methods which are meant to be remote, should be defined in an interface which extends the java.rmi.Remote interface

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  • The discovery of infinite products byWallis and infinite series by Newton marked the beginning of the modern mathematical era. The use of series allowed Newton to find the area under a curve defined by any algebraic equation, an achievement completely beyond the earlier methods ofTorricelli, Fermat, and Pascal. The work of Newton and his contemporaries, including Leibniz and the Bernoullis, was concentrated in mathematical analysis and physics.

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  • The Handbook of Spectroscopy is intended to serve as an authoritative reference source for a broad audience involved in the research, teaching, learning, and practice of spectroscopic technologies. Spectroscopy is defined as the science that deals with interactions between electromagnetic radiation and matter.

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  • This Part of BS 5080 has been prepared under the direction of the Civil Engineering and Building Structures Standards Committee and describes a method for conducting tests under shear forces on structural fixings installed in concrete or masonry materials used in building and civil engineering construction. A structural fixing joins, supports or retains components, and may be defined as one that has been designed to resist some form of loading, since its failure will have structural significance....

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  • The GetSql* methods and Sql* types are defined in the System.Data.SqlTypes namespace, and they are specific to SQL Server. In addition, the GetSql* methods are specific to the SqlDataReader class. Using the GetSql

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  • Define the problems, decide the objectives of business in the short and in the long run, estimate the available and potential resources… Determine the tasks, activities and projects, programs...and require for the attainment of objectives. Formulate the policies, procedures, methods, standard and budgets of the plan. Examine the environmental changes, reconsider continually, searching the essential information constantly for more effective methods and improve results.

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  • Each generation has its unique needs and aspirations. When Charles Wiley first opened his small printing shop in lower Manhattan in 1807, it was a generation of boundless potential searching for an identity. And we were there, helping to define a new American literary tradition. Over half a century later, in the midst of the Second Industrial Revolution, it was a generation focused on building the future. Once again, we were there, supplying the critical scientific, technical, and engineering knowledge that helped frame the world.

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  • The Application Rules page lets you define which applications on the user computer should have access to the network and which should not. You can see the list of the most common network-enabled applications organized in groups by the type of their activity. While applying configuration, Outpost Network Security Client identifies the applications installed on the client computer with those specified in the configuration using the specified matching criteria and, if the match is found, creates the corresponding rules for the application. ...

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  • For many people, the present value of their future pension annuity is their largest financial asset. The retirement income may come from a variety of pension accumulations, including defined contribution plans, defined benefit plans, individual retirement accounts, Keogh plans, and tax deferred annuityplans.

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  • The purpose of this study is to focus attention on the types of individuals and groups that are prone to terrorism (see Glossary) in an effort to help improve U.S. counterterrorist methods and policies.

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  • Throughout the entire project many assumptions and methodological decisions had to be made along the various calculation steps in the domains of air pollution, epidemiology and economics. On each level, the method of dealing with uncertainty had to be defined. The research group decided that the main calculation ought to apply an “at least” approach, thus consistently selecting methodological assumptions in a way to get a result which may be expected to be “at least” attributable to air pollution.

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  • In this paper, we propose a method for compiling travel information automatically. For the compilation, we focus on travel blogs, which are defined as travel journals written by bloggers in diary form. We consider that travel blogs are a useful information source for obtaining travel information, because many bloggers' travel experiences are written in this form. Therefore, we identified travel blogs in a blog database and extracted travel information from them. We have confirmed the effectiveness of our method by experiment. ...

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