The use of ﬁgurative language is ubiquitous in natural language texts and it is a serious bottleneck in automatic text understanding. We address the problem of interpretation of logical metonymy, using a statistical method. Our approach originates from that of Lapata and Lascarides (2003), which generates a list of nondisambiguated interpretations with their likelihood derived from a corpus. We propose a novel sense-based representation of the interpretation of logical metonymy and a more thorough evaluation method than that of Lapata and Lascarides (2003). ...
We present a supervised machine learning algorithm for metonymy resolution, which exploits the similarity between examples of conventional metonymy. We show that syntactic head-modiﬁer relations are a high precision feature for metonymy recognition but suffer from data sparseness. We partially overcome this problem by integrating a thesaurus and introducing simpler grammatical features, thereby preserving precision and increasing recall. Our algorithm generalises over two levels of contextual similarity. ...
We propose a distinction between two kinds of metonymy: "referential" metonymy, in which the referent of an NP is shifted, and "predicative" metonymy, in which the referent of the NP is unchanged and the argument place of the predicate is shifted instead. Examples are, respectively, "The hamburger is waiting for his check" and "Which airlines fly from Boston to Denver". We also show that complications arise for both types of metonymy when multiple coercing predicates are considered.
Metonymy recognition is generally approached with complex algorithms that rely heavily on the manual annotation of training and test data. This paper will relieve this complexity in two ways. First, it will show that the results of the current learning algorithms can be replicated by the ‘lazy’ algorithm of Memory-Based Learning. This approach simply stores all training instances to its memory and classiﬁes a test instance by comparing it to all training examples.
In this article we outline a basic approach to treating metonymy properly in a multilingual machine translation system. This is the first attempt at treating metonymy in an machine translation environment. The approach is guided by the differences of acceptability of metonymy which were obtained by our comparative survey among three languages, English, Chinese, and Japanese. The characteristics of the approach are as follows: (1) Influences of the context, individuals, and familiality with metonymy are not used.
In the past decade, Cognitive Linguistics has developed into one of the most dynamic
and attractive frameworks within theoretical and descriptive linguistics.
With about fifty chapters written by experts in the field, the Oxford Handbook of
Cognitive Linguistics intends to provide a comprehensive overview of the entire
domain of Cognitive Linguistics, from basic concepts to practical applications.
In the past decade, Cognitive Linguistics has developed into one of the most dynamic and attractive frameworks within theoretical and descriptive linguistics. With about fifty chapters written by experts in the field, the Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics intends to provide a comprehensive overview of the entire domain of Cognitive Linguistics, from basic concepts to practical applications.
Hoán dụ (metonymy) có vai trò rất quan trọng đối với con người trong việc nhận thức thế giới xung quanh cũng như làm giàu thêm kiến thức ngôn ngữ. Có thể tìm thấy ví dụ của biện pháp tu từ này ở hầu hết các diễn ngôn trong cuộc sống hằng ngày của chúng ta. Tuy nhiên, hoán dụ vẫn chưa được đề cập đến nhiều trong dạy và học tiếng Anh dù rằng nó là một trong những cách hữu hiệu giúp học sinh phát triển từ vựng và nâng cao......
An approach to abductive inference developed in the TACITUS project has resulted in a dramatic simplification of how the problem of interpreting texts is conceptualized. Its use in solving the local pragmatics problems of reference, compound nominals, syntactic ambiguity, and metonymy is described and illustrated. It also suggests an elegant and thorough integration of syntax, semantics, and pragmatics.