This book is the principal output of a project to develop guidance on site
layout planning to improve solar access, passive cooling and microclimate.
The project is jointly funded by the European Commission JOULE
programme and national funding agencies including the UK Department of
the Environment, Transport and the Regions. The European project is
coordinated by BRE and includes the University of Athens, LEMA
(University of Liege) and AICIA (University of Seville).
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí lâm nghiệp đề tài:"The influence of microclimate and tree age on the defense capacity of European beech (Fagus sylvatica L. ) against oxidative stress"
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về lâm nghiệp được đăng trên tạp chí lâm nghiệp quốc tế đề tài: interactions between forest stands and microclimate: Ecophysiological aspects and consequences for silviculture...
Agroforestry is one of the sustainable approaches to land-use management where both agriculture
and forestry combine into an integrated production system to get maximum benefits (Kidd and
Pimentel, 1992; Nair, 1998). As per ICRAF (International Centre for Research in Agroforestry, now
World Agroforestry Centre), ‘‘agroforestry is a deliberate integration of woody components with
agricultural and pastoral operations on the same piece of land either in a spatial or temporal
sequence in such a way that both ecological and economic interactions occur between them.’’...
The purpose of this collection is to present some of the diversity of ideas
and studies about species that can be classifi ed as “ecosystem engineers.”
As with any developing concept, we fi nd disagreement about the
meaning and usefulness of this term in the literature and among ourselves.
The idea for the book arose in a National Center for Ecological
Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS) working group designed to develop
models of ecosystem engineering species.
This volume details some of the latest advances in spectral theory and nonlinear analysis through various cutting-edge theories on algebraic multiplicities, global bifurcation theory, non-linear Schrodinger equations, non-linear boundary value problems, large solutions, metasolutions, dynamical systems, and applications to spatial ecology.
Chapter 52 - An introduction to ecology and the biosphere. In this chapter, you should be able to: Distinguish among the following types of ecology: organismal, population, community, ecosystem, and landscape; explain how dispersal may contribute to a species’ distribution; distinguish between the following pairs of terms: biotic and abiotic factors, macroclimate and microclimate patterns;...