Microscopy is a servant of all the sciences, and the microscopic examination
of minerals is an important technique which should be mastered by
all students of geology early in their careers. Advanced modern textbooks
on both optics and mineralogy are available, and our intention is
not that this new textbook should replace these but that it should serve
as an introductory text or a first stepping-stone to the study of optical
The second volume of the book concerns the characterization approach of photonic crystals, photonic crystal lasers, photonic crystal waveguides and plasmonics including the introduction of innovative systems and materials. Photonic crystal materials promises to enable all-optical computer circuits and could also be used to make ultra low-power light sources.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về lâm nghiệp được đăng trên tạp chí lâm nghiệp Original article đề tài: Measurement of free shrinkage at the tissue level using an optical microscope with an immersion objective: results obtained for Douglas ﬁr (Pseudotsuga menziesii) and spruce (Picea abies)...
Microscopic and imaging techniques:
– Optical microscopy
– Confocal microscopy
– Electron microscopy (SEM and TEM, related methods)
– Scanning probe microscopy (STM and AFM, related methods) Surface spectrometric techniques:
– X-ray fluorescence (from electron microscopy)
– Auger electron spectrometry
– X-ray photoelectron spectrometry (XPS/UPS/ESCA)
At last the book is finished – and I have now been asked to put my mind to the Preface! It occurs to me that writing a Preface is a unique art form. Admittedly, after limited research into Preface-writing, I propose, like innumerable authors before me, to start with the usual whinge – yes, to paraphrase Mrs Beeton from the Preface of her famous cookbook, if we had known ‘. . . what courageous efforts were needed to be made’, I am quite sure that we would never have started this enterprise. However, it is clear that one of the...
The human body as a mechanism is far from perfect. It can be beaten or surpassed at almost every point by
some product of the machine-shop or some animal. It does almost nothing perfectly or with absolute
precision. As Huxley most unexpectedly remarked a score of years ago, "If a manufacturer of optical
instruments were to hand us for laboratory use an instrument so full of defects and imperfections as the human
eye, we should promptly decline to accept it and return it to him. But," as he went on to say, "while the eye is
inaccurate as a microscope, imperfect as a telescope, crude...