Microwave materials

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  • Microwave Materials Characterization is an edited book discussing recent researches on basic and innovative measurement techniques for the characterization of materials at microwave frequencies, in terms of quantitative determination of their electromagnetic parameters, namely the complex permittivity and permeability. It is divided into two parts: Part 1, including original contributions on advanced techniques for the characterization of dielectric materials, and Part 2, devoted to the microwave characterization of biological tissues....

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  • In instructional materials, the term simple is often tossed around loosely. Sometimes it may mean that fewer equations are used than in a typical textbook or paper. Other times, it may mean that the subject is easily understood by the author. But what does simple really mean? If you looked up the term in a dictionary, you might find this definition: “not complex or complicated; easily understood; intelligible, clear.”

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  • Microwaves are generally considered to be a specific part of the wide radio frequency spectrum. The band from 300 MHz to 30 GHz is typically considered to be “microwaves,” for example by the Institute of Electrical end Electronics Engineers (IEEE), although many of us prefer to set the lower limit somewhat higher—perhaps at 1 or even 3 GHz. Above 30 GHz, the term “millimeter waves” is used. High school physics suggests that we are talking about wavelengths ranging from about 30 cm down to 10 mm...

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  • Microwave heating has found many applications ranging from the microwave ovens in kitchen to heat food, to a sterilization apparatus for medical treatment, to materials processing in the various fields. In those applications, microwave heating demonstrates significant advantages over conventional methods in reduced processing time and less environmental impacts. This book is comprised of eight chapters within three parts highlighting different aspects covering both the basic understandings and the advanced applications....

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  • This book is based on recent research work conducted by the authors dealing with the design and development of active and passive microwave components, integrated circuits and systems. It is divided into seven parts. In the first part comprising the first two chapters, alternative concepts and equations for multiport network analysis and characterization are provided. A thru-only de-embedding technique for accurate on-wafer characterization is introduced.

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  • Novel generation wireless system is a packet switched wireless system with wide area coverage and high throughput. It is designed to be cost effective and to provide high spectral efficiency . The 4th wireless uses Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing, Ultra Wide Radio Band and millimeter wireless and smart antenna. Highly directive, planar UWB antennas are gaining more and more attention, as required in many novel and important applications.

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  • The definition for dielectric constant relates to the permittivity of the material (symbol use here ε). The permittivity expresses the ability of a material to polarise in response to an applied field. It is the ratio of the permittivity of the dielectric to the permittivity of a vacuum. Physically it means the greater the polarisation developed by a material in an applied field of given strength, the greater the dielectric constant will be. Traditionally dielectric materials are made from inorganic substances eg. mica and silicon dioxide.

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  • This book deal with the modern developing of microwave and millimeter wave technologies. The first chapter is aimed at describing the evolution of technological processes for the design of passive functions in millimetre-wave frequency range. From the results HR SOI seems to be a good candidate in the coming year to address both low cost and low power mass market CMOS digital and RF/ MMW applications.

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  • Today, the development and use of microwave (3-30 GHz) and millimeter wave (30-300 GHz) band is being actively promoted. Microwave has been used extensively since the Second World War when the sources were based on vacuum devices. Microwaves are presently playing a vital role in RADAR, land and satellite based communication and also have wide civilian and defence applications. Two typical areas of application of millimeter-wave are information communication and remote sensing.

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  • Modelling and computations in electromagnetics is a quite fast-growing research area. The recent interest in this field is caused by the increased demand for designing complex microwave components, modeling electromagnetic materials, and rapid increase in computational power for calculation of complex electromagnetic problems. The first part of this book is devoted to the advances in the analysis techniques such as method of moments, finite-difference time- domain method, boundary perturbation theory, Fourier analysis, mode-matching method, and analysis based on circuit theory....

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  • The last RAPRA Report on Polymers in Aerospace Applications (W.W. Wright, Report 37) was published in 1990. The present report strives to provide a contemporary review of this area with an emphasis on the literature appearing after 1990. It includes coverage of new materials and technologies (particularly nanocomposites). The principal use for polymers in aerospace applications is as a matrix material and/or reinforcing  bre for composites. Other major applications include use in adhesives, anti-misting additives, coatings, elastomers,  bres, and foams...

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  • Carbon nanotubes are one of the most intriguing new materials with extraordinary properties being discovered in the last decade. The unique structure of carbon nanotubes provides nanotubes with extraordinary mechanical and electrical properties. The outstanding properties that these materials possess have opened new interesting researches areas in nanoscience and nanotechnology. Although nanotubes are very promising in a wide variety of fields, application of individual nanotubes for large scale production has been limited....

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  • The book offers comprehensive coverage of the broad range of scientific knowledge in the fields of advances in induction and microwave heating of mineral and organic materials. Beginning with industry application in many areas of practical application to mineral materials and ending with raw materials of agriculture origin the authors, specialists in different scientific area, present their results in the two sections: Section 1-Induction and Microwave Heating of Mineral Materials, and Section 2-Microwave Heating of Organic Materials....

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  • Surface Acoustic Wave (SAW) devices are widely used in multitude of device concepts mainly in Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) and communication electronics. As such, SAW based micro-sensors, actuators and communication electronic devices are well known applications of SAW technology. Due to their solid state design and fabrication compatible with other modern technologies such as Microwave Integrated Circuits (MIC), MEMS, (Charge Coupled Devices) CCD and integrated optic devices, SAW based sensors are considered to be extremely reliable....

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  • In this book, a wide range of different topics related to analytical as well as numerical solutions of problems related to scattering, propagation, radiation, and emission in different medium are discussed. Design of several devices and their measurements aspects are introduced. Topics related to microwave region as well as Terahertz and quasi-optical region are considered. Bi-isotropic metamaterial in optical region is investigated.

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  • Fresh tea shoots (one shoot and two or three young leaves) were extracted using microwave-assisted extraction method (MAE). Several factors such as ethanol concentrations (0-99.5o (volume percentage)), material: solvent ratio (1:4 to 1:12), extraction time, oven power were studied to optimise conditions at laboratory scale.

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  • THE tremendous research and development effort that ~vent into the development of radar and related techniques during }Vorld IJ ar II resulted not only in hundreds of radar sets for military (and some for possible peacetime) use but also in a great body of information and ncm techniques in the electronics and high-frequency fields. 13ecause this basic material may be of great value to science and engineering, it seemed most important to publish it as soon as security permitted.

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  • This book attempts to bring together the theory and practice of dielectric materials for different kind of industrial applications. Fragmented information on dielectric theory and properties of materials, design of equipment and state of the art in applications relevant to the manufacturing industry should be collated and updated and presented as a single reference volume. In this book relevant and useful information is presented in the quoted literature and covered by our key patent applications....

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  • This volume, derived from the Handbook of Engineering Electromagnetics (2004), is intended as a desk reference for the fundamentals of engineering electromagnetics. Because electromagnetics provides the underpinnings for many technological fields such as wireless communications, fiber optics, microwave engineering, radar, electromagnetic compatibility, material science, and biomedicine, there is a great deal of interest and need for training in the concepts of engineering electromagnetics.

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  • Advanced Materials and Technologies High-temperature superconductors (HTS), ferroelectrics, micromachining or microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), hybrid or monolithic microwave integrated circuits (MMIC), active filters, photonic bandgap (PBG) materials/structures, and low-temperature cofired ceramics (LTCC) are among recent advanced materials and technologies that have stimulated the rapid development of new microstrip and other filters.

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