Our aim is to minimise the harm caused by flooding. This involves reducing the likelihood of flooding and
reducing the impacts when flooding occurs. At the same time there are underlying pressures that are increasing
risk, such as climate change, housing development or changes in land use. Sometimes we can affect these
drivers, for example by influencing planning and land development. There are, however, other drivers that are
beyond our direct influence, such as climate change impacts on the weather and sea level rise.
After the ore is extracted, it is generally transferred by
bridge conveyor, shuttle cars or load-haul-dump units
to a system of conveyors that carry it to underground
storage bins, prior to haulage to the surface through a
shaft by automated skips. On rare occasions shallow
mines may use a decline and conveyor arrangement.
Solution mining is currently used at a number of
operations in North America. The process relies on
the greater solubility at elevated temperatures in brine
of sylvite in comparison to salt (NaCl).
Second, the sample period in this study covers a full business cycle, thereby
providing a better indication of the relative variability of lending activities experienced by
commercial banks over this period. Brewer, Minton, and Moser (2000) document a universal
downward trend of C&I lending over a sample period of 1985 to 1992, a period during which
the economy experienced a significant cyclical downturn.
The central panel of the northern and southern walls contained a quadrant painted with
xenia, while the wall of the ground floor, or west, was an image of the river Sarno as
penates placed between two festoons of flowers. The image was described as a bearded
god wearing a crown of reeds. He was sitting on the ground under the shade of a sacred
tree. Resting on his left elbow on an overturned urn, he held a reed in his left hand, and
his right hand rested on the corresponding knee. He was nude from the upper part of
It has been called an audit because it is an
attempt, the first as far as we are aware,
to take stock: to pull together in one place,
from the bewildering variety of sources
that provide such information, all the
available data on cultural infrastructure
and consumption. It systematically
attempts to make this data robust: to verify
it, ensure as far as possible that it is not
partial or selective, and quantify it in such a
way that it allows London to be compared
with other cities.
To assist judgement, we have also recorded,
as far as possible on a...
Whether to co-process alternative fuels in cement kilns can be evaluated upon
environmental and economic criteria. As is discussed in detail below, the potential
benefits of burning alternative fuels at cement plants are numerous. However, the
contrary is possible, when poor planning results in projects where cement kilns have
higher emissions, or where alternative fuels are not put to their highest value use. Five
guiding principles outlined by the German development agency, GTZ, and Holcim Group
Implementable on a desk-top PC, CreditManager allows users to capture, calculate
and display the informa tion they need to manage the risk of individual credi t
derivatives, or a portfolio of credits. CreditManager handles most credi t
instruments including bonds, loans, commitments, letter of credit, market-driven
instruments such as swaps and forwards, as we ll as the credit derivatives as
discussed in this guide.
Scrum is an iterative, incremental framework. Scrum structures product development in cycles
of work called Sprints, iterations of work which are typically 1-4 weeks in length, and which
take place one after the other. The Sprints are of fixed duration – they end on a specific date
whether the work has been completed or not, and are never extended. At the beginning of
each Sprint, a cross-functional team selects items from a prioritized list of requirements, and
commits to complete them by the end of the Sprint; during the Sprint, the deliverable does not
As discussed earlier, the idea that human experience involves elements
beyond our intentional control has been an overshadowed perspective in
philosophy, psychology, and Western culture. Of the diverse perspectives
within this tradition, Dewey’s aesthetic philosophy, as expressed in “Art as
Experience,” is useful for developing the idea that worthwhile experi-
ences require more than just control and rationality. For Dewey, there
must be receptive undergoing in addition to active doing and thinking.
Someone with a prolonged physical illness, a disability or a cognitive
impairment (such as Alzheimer’s disease) often needs long-term care.
Many different services help people with chronic conditions overcome
limitations that keep them from being independent. Long-term care is
different from traditional medical care. Long-term care helps one live as he
or she is now; it may not help to improve or correct medical problems.
Security is a broadly used term encompassing the characteristics of authentication, integrity, privacy, non-
repudiation, and anti-playback. In the case of our sensor network the security requirements are comprised of
authentication, integrity, privacy (or conﬁdentiality) and anti-playback. The recipient of a message needs to be
able to be unequivocally assured that the message came from its stated source.
By encouraging these lending practices, usury ceilings may fail to give consumers the
protection and benefits that they were intended to provide. That is, usury laws may actually
reduce the amount of credit that is available to low income or inexperienced borrowers.
Low-priced credit is not useful to those who cannot meet the requirements for obtaining it.
Thus, when lenders ration credit by some means other than price, first-time borrowers,
small borrowers, low-income and high-risk borrowers are likely to find it more difficult to
We said that you should be ready to work. Here it is where you should be ready to work.
Homework assignments (also known as problem sets) are designed to test your endurance and
ability to work under pressure. And you’ll be under a lot of continuous pressure! It is not
uncommon to see 30-40 page problem sets, which you’ll be delivering every week or two, for
every one of your economics courses. Sounds rough? It is.
One thing is true (at least from our experience). Unless you are a brilliant / top-of-the-
class / remarkably well prepared student, it is...
"All interest paid or accrued within the taxable year on indebtedness,
except on indebtedness incurred or continued to purchase or
carry obligations (other than obligation of the United States issued
after September 24, 1917, and originally subscribed for by the
taxpayer) the interest from which is wholly exempt from taxes
imposed by this chapter."
Though the statement is apparently clear and unambiguous,
its application has aroused much litigation and controversy.
It is estimated that approximately one-third of
the world’s population are using groundwater for drinking purposes. Pollution of ground
water due to industrial effluents is a major issue (Vasanthavigar et al., 2011). Poor
groundwater quality brings negative impact to human health and plant growth. In
developing countries like India, it is estimated that around 80% of all diseases are directly
related to poor drinking water quality and unhygienic conditions (Olajire & Imeokparia,
2001; Vasanthavigar et al., 2011).
A desirable characteristic of a performance measure is that it be timely, i.e., measure the effect of the manager's actions on firm value at the time those actions are taken (Holmstrom, 1982). This suggests earnings should incorporate the future cash flow effects of managers' actions. Ifthis was all there were to the determination of earnings, we could understand the robust result from thirty years of evidence that, for shorter horizons, average annual earnings is relatively well-described by a random walk (see Watts and Zimmerman, 1986, chapter 6).
Other methods have proposed the use of standard beads (Polysciences latex beads), as well
described by Gasol and del Giorgio in 2000. Briefly, the beads have to be counted every day
and must be sonicated to avoid aggregation.
Flow rate calibration can be performed by weighing a tube containing water, processing
various volumes, estimating the time needed for each volume to go through and then
reweighing the tube. This makes it possible to calculate the mean of the flow rate per minute
To avoid headaches and tap into a wider pool of prospective tenants, many landlords consider
the lease-purchase of their home. This option attracts many potential buyers who could handle
the monthly mortgage payments but can’t afford the required down payment. Here’s how it
You lease your house to the tenant for a specific monthly rent. In addition, the tenant pays you
for the right to purchase the home within the option period, usually six months to two years later.
This payment is called the option consideration.
Analysis including data only from satisfactory quality studies found no evidence of a
difference in content for 20 of the 23 nutrient categories analysed. In these analyses,
conventionally produced crops were found to have significantly higher levels of nitrogen
than organically produced crops, while organically produced crops were found to have
significantly higher levels of phosphorus and higher titratable acidity than conventionally
hope that this volume will provide an update on the state of pesticide science with
relevance to pesticides residues and metabolism and will stimulate innovative and
significant impact on researchers and students on the subject and go further in the line
of research. I am grateful to all the authors who contributed their expertise towards
the production of a precious volume.
I am indebted to Professor K.Gunathilagaraj, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University,
India for his inspiration and eminent guidance to hone my skills in editing. I
acknowledge Dr. N.