When asked why they tackled Mount Everest, climbers typically reply “Because it was
there”. Our motivation for writing Advanced Modelling in Finance is for exactly the
opposite reason. There were then, and still are now, almost no books that give due
prominence to and explanation of the use of VBA functions within Excel. There is an
almost similar lack of books that capture the true vibrant spirit of numerical methods
This paper presents a method for the automatic extraction of subgrammars to control and speeding-up natural language generation NLG. The method is based on explanation-based learning EBL. The main advantage for the proposed new method for NLG is that the complexity of the grammatical decision making process during NLG can be vastly reduced, because the EBL method supports the adaption of a NLG system to a particular use of a language.
This paper discusses the application of a previously reported theory of explanation rhetoric (Maybury, 1988b) to the task of explaining constraint violations in a hybrid rule/frame based system for resource allocation (Dawson et al, 1987). This research illustrates how discourse strategies of explanation, textual connectives, and additional justification knowledge can be applied to enhance the cohesiveness, structure, and clarity of knowledge based system explanations.
Organizational diagnostic models: A review & synthesis review is to examine several organizational diagnostic models which have been conceptualized in the research literature, including the burke litwin model of organizational performance and change. In order to understand these models, a brief explanation of organizational diagnosis is warranted.
This paper presents a massively parallel parser that predicts critical attachment behaviors of the human sentence processor, without the use of explicit preference heuristics or revision strategies. The processing of a syntactic ambiguity is modeled as an active, distributed competition among the potential attachments for a phrase. Computationally motivated constraints on the competitive mechanism provide a principled and uniform account of a range of human attachment preferences and garden path phenolnena. ...
Previous work in generating explanations from advicegiving systems has demonstrated that a cooperative system can and should infer the immediate goals and plans of an utterance (or discourse segment) and formulate a response in light of these goals and plans. The claim of this paper is that a cooperative response may also have to address a user's overall goals, plans, and preferences among those goals and plans. A n algorithm is introduced that generates user-specific responses by reasoning about the goals, plans and preferences hypothesized about a user. ...
Intelligent problem solving systems must be able to express their results in a coherent and flexible manner. One way this can be done is by eztemporaneous elaboration, the method of language production that underlies more skilled tasks such as explanation. This paper outlines a computational model for extemporaneous elaboration that is implemented in a computer model called Extemper, shows examples of its operation, and compares it with other models of language production.
This paper presents an approach for achieving conciseness in generating explanations, which is clone by exploiting formal reconstructions of aspects of the Gricean principle of relevance to simulate conversational implicature. By applying contextually motivated inference rules in an anticipation feed-back loop, a set of propositions explicitly representing an explanation's content is reduced to a subset which, in the actual context, can still be considered to convey the message adequately.
Oxford Living Grammar takes a practical approach to grammar. The four-page units provide clear explanations and information on when the grammar is used, followed by extensive practice. Each level includes an interactive CD-ROM.
■Explanations include a ‘Grammar in action’ section which explains when the grammar is typically used.
■Exercises are contextualized so that students practise using the grammar in everyday situations.
■’Word focus’ boxes highlight interesting idiomatic expressions or words students might not be familiar with.
This paper describes how to model the dynamic aspects of software systems using
UML notation and semantics. The three topics covered are sequence diagrams, activity
diagrams and state charts. An explanation is given of each and how they fit into the
overall model structure.
Use Case Driven Object Modeling with UML: Theory and Practice shows how to drive an object-oriented software design from use case all the way through coding and testing, based on the minimalist, UML-based ICONIX process. In addition to a comprehensive explanation of the foundations of the approach, the book makes extensive use of examples and provides exercises at the back of each chapter.
At the beginning of the millennium, the Þght against money laundering
features very high on the international, and in many countries, also on
the domestic, political agenda. The speed with which norm-makers have
put in place a set of legal rules designed to Þght the laundering of the pro-
ceeds, Þrst from drug trafÞcking, and, later on, of the proceeds from many
other criminal activities as well, is impressive. There is of course more
than one explanation for the high level of attention the subject of money
laundering is receiving.
Thank you for choosing DELTA’s high-performance VFD-M Series. VFD-M Series are manufactured by adopting high-quality components, material and incorporating the latest microprocessor technology available. Getting Started This manual will be helpful in the installation, parameter setting, troubleshooting, and daily maintenance of the AC motor drives. To guarantee safe operation of the equipment, read the following safety guidelines before connecting power to the AC motor drives. Keep this operating manual handy and distribute to all users for reference....
With regard to the ‘cause’ of this phenomenon, several explanations have been offered,
including improvement in chemical restraints available for large animals, the elimination of
gender-based admission discrimination and the generally caring portrayal of veterinarians
in both the literature and on television (Lofstedt, 2003:534).
This book emphasizes on new applications of electroplating with consideration for environmental aspect and experimental design. Written by experienced expert from various countries, the authors come from academia and electroplating industrial players. Here, a very detailed explanation to the new application of the electroplating is followed by a solution of the environmental issue caused by the electroplating process and concluded by experimental design for optimization of electro deposition processes. ...
Thank you for choosing DELTA’s high-performance VFD-M Series. The VFD-M Series is
manufactured with high-quality components and materials and incorporate the latest microprocessor
This manual is to be used for the installation, parameter setting, troubleshooting, and daily
maintenance of the AC motor drive. To guarantee safe operation of the equipment, read the following
safety guidelines before connecting power to the AC motor drive. Keep this operating manual at
hand and distribute to all users for reference....
Quickly I received a response from the GEA at post; including a detailed explanation of the GEI
office in general. In the email that followed, the GEA informed me that she already had a job in
mind but would like to have more of a clarification of my wants, needs and abilities. She then
sent me a question-answer sheet called a Skills Assessment Form via email for me to fill out to
help her identify my skills.
Within days, the GEA was able to make a connection for me by identifying an “Investigative
Assistant” position which fit perfectly...
Earnings occupy a central position in accounting. It is accounting's summary measure of a firm's performance. Despite theoretical models that value cash flows, accounting earnings is widely used in share valuation and to measure performance in management and debt contracts.
Various explanations have been advanced to explain the prominence of accounting earnings and the reasons for its usage. An example is that earnings reflects cash flow forecasts (e.g., Beaver, 1989, p. 98; and Dechow, 1994) and has a higher correlation with value than current does cash flow (e.g.
This paper explores the relationshiDs between a computational meory of temporal representation (as developed by James Alien) and a Iormal linguiStiC theory Of tense (as developed by NorOert Hornstem) and aspect.
Although there is an extensive body of research concerned with anaphora resolution (e.g. (Fox, 1987; Grosz et al., 1995)), event anaphora has been widely neglected. This paper describes the results of an empirical study regarding event reference. The experiment investigated event anaphora in narrative discourse via a sentence completion task. The results of the experiment suggest that the discourse structure established by an explanation or elaboration relation has an influence on whether the last mentioned event, previously mentioned events or a complex event is preferably referred to.