Progress in collaborative networks continues showing a growing number of
manifestations including virtual organizations, virtual enterprises, dynamic supply
chains, professional virtual communities, collaborative virtual laboratories, etc. with a
wide spectrum of application domains. The realization that all these collaborative forms
represent variations of a more general paradigm has lead to their consolidation into
Collaborative Networks (CN) as anew scientific discipline.
Weather natural hazards, the environment and climate change are of concern to all of
us. Especially, it is essential to understand how human activities might impact the
nature. Hence, monitoring, research, and forecasting is of the outmost importance.
Furthermore, climate change and pollution of the environment do not obey national
borders; so, international collaboration on these issues is indeed extremely important.
In collaborative planning activities, since the agents are autonomous and heterogeneous, it is inevitable that conflicts arise in their beliefs during the planning process. In cases where such conflicts are relevant to the t~t~k at hand, the agents should engage in collaborative negotiation as an attempt to square away the discrepancies in their beliefs. This paper presents a computational strategy for detecting conflicts regarding proposed beliefs and for engaging in collaborative negotiation to resolve the conflicts that warrant resolution.
In this paper, we argue for the need to distinguish between task and dialogue initiatives, and present a model for tracking shifts in both types of initiatives in dialogue interactions. Our model predicts the initiative holders in the next dialogue turn based on the current initiative holders and the effect that observed cues have on changing them.
This paper proposes an approach to reference resolution in situated dialogues by exploiting extra-linguistic information. Recently, investigations of referential behaviours involved in situations in the real world have received increasing attention by researchers (Di Eugenio et al., 2000; Byron, 2005; van Deemter, 2007; Spanger et al., 2009). In order to create an accurate reference resolution model, we need to handle extra-linguistic information as well as textual information examined by existing approaches (Soon et al., 2001; Ng and Cardie, 2002, etc.). ...
Even though collaboration in peer learning has been shown to have a positive impact for students, there has been little research into collaborative peer learning dialogues. We analyze such dialogues in order to derive a model of knowledge co-construction that incorporates initiative and the balance of initiative. This model will be embedded in an artiﬁcial agent that will collaborate with students.
We describe a dialogue system that works with its interlocutor to identify objects. Our contributions include a concise, modular architecture with reversible processes of understanding and generation, an information-state model of reference, and ﬂexible links between semantics and collaborative problem solving.
A model of plan recognition in discourse must be based on intended recognition, distinguish each agent's beliefs and intentions from the other's, and avoid assumptions about the correctness or completeness of the agents' beliefs. In this paper, we present an algorithm for plan recognition that is based on the SharedPlan model of collaboration (Grosz and Sidner, 1990; Lochbaum et al., 1990) and that satisfies these constraints.
INTRODUCTION To make sense of each other's utterances, conversational participants must recognize the intentions behind those utterances.
This paper presents a computational model of how conversational participants collaborate in making referring expressions. The model is based on the planning paradigm. It employs plans for constructing and recognizing referring expressions and meta-plans for constructing and recognizing clarifications. This allows the model to account for the generation and understanding both of referring expressions and of their clarifications in a uniform framework using a single knowledge base.
Machine translation (MT) systems have improved signiﬁcantly; however, their outputs often contain too many errors to communicate the intended meaning to their users. This paper describes a collaborative approach for mediating between an MT system and users who do not understand the source language and thus cannot easily detect translation mistakes on their own. Through a visualization of multiple linguistic resources, this approach enables the users to correct difﬁcult translation errors and understand translated passages that were otherwise bafﬂing. ...
From one of the world?s foremost game designers comes a?book that contains a collection of newly-designed and field-tested games. Steve Sugar shows how, with practice and learning reinforcement, these dynamic games can enhance individual and team development in the areas of prioritizing, problem solving, decision-making, communication, and collaboration. A valuable Game-to-Outcome chart helps facilitators match the appropriate game to the desired learning outcome and intended audience.
Autodesk Robot™ Structural Analysis Professional software is a collaborative, versatile, and faster software application that can help you compete and win in the global economy. Purpose-built for BIM, Autodesk Robot Structural Analysis Professional calculates even your more complex models with powerful finite element auto-meshing, nonlinear algorithms, and a comprehensive collection of design codes to help you achieve results in minutes, not hours.
The Information Technology Laboratory (ITL) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) promotes the U.S. economy and public welfare by providing technical leadership for the Nation’s
measurement and standards infrastructure. ITL develops tests, test methods, reference data, proof of concept implementations, and technical analyses to advance the development and productive use of
The development of a humanoid robot in the collaborative research centre 588 has the
objective of creating a machine that closely cooperates with humans. The
collaborative research centre 588 (SFB588) “Humanoid Robots – learning and
cooperating multi-modal robots” was established by the German Research
Foundation (DFG) in Karlsruhe in May 2000.
Having lived with the World Wide Web for twenty years, surfing the Web becomes a way of our life that cannot be separated. From latest news, photo sharing, social activities, to research collaborations and even commercial activities and government affairs, almost all kinds of information are available and processible via the Web. While people are appreciating the great invention, the father of the Web, Sir Tim Berners-Lee, has started the plan for the next generation of the Web, the Semantic Web....
It’s rare that someone should develop an obsession with Wall Street with
out sharing its driving passion, the accumulation of money. It would prob
ably take years of psychoanalysis to untangle that contradiction, not to
mention others too sensitive to name here.
No doubt that contradictory obsession has early roots, but its most po
tent adult influence was probably my first job out of college, at a small
brokerage firm in downtown Manhattan.
This report provides basic data concerning the development of plantation sawlogs glue in central and northern Vietnam, logging, harvesting and transportation, and processing of sawn boards in a sawmill.
Planting Acacia pulpwood to appear as a profitable enterprise for small-scale farms, many of them are prepared to borrow from banks to establish plantations. Acacia hybrid clones are the materials most popular varieties. A simple spreadsheet financial model for pulpwood development has been developed that internal rate of return can be as high as 24% in basic conditions....
Since the first DIISM conference, which took place 9 years ago, the world has
seen drastic changes, including the transformation of manufacturing and
engineering software, and the information and communication technologies
deployed. The conditions for manufacturing and engineering have changed on a
large scale, in terms of technology-enabled collaboration among the fields of
design, engineering, production, usage, maintenance and recycling/disposal.
These changes can be observed in rapidly-growing fields such as supply chain
The research in this paper seeks ways for manufacturing companies to accomplish projects in real time
with less cost. This paper describes a new model using critical success factors of implementing
projects in small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The factors in the conceptual model were
identified in past studies and are validated from interviews with 20 project managers in the electronics
industry in Iran. Several prior researches have suggested critical success factors for reducing time and
cost in the development of a new product. These factors are...