As a wetland of international importance located in China, the Poyang Lake Basin's incredible topographical and biological diversity has provided a congregating point for scientists from around the world to engage in cross-disciplinary research. In particular, the International Conference on Poyang Lake Complex Environment System was instrumental in bringing together scholars from China, North America, and Europe to explore the latest innovations in water resource science and watershed management.
The use of models to provide additional details on contaminant fate and transport
has rapidly increased in the past 3 decades. The increasing global recognition of the
potential risks associated with surface water or ground water contamination and
speciÞc environmental regulations implemented after 1980 have demanded a more
accurate understanding of these risks as they relate to human health and the environment.
Welcome to Learning Quartz Composer! We guarantee this will be the most fun geek
book you have read, and by the end your digital world will be a better-looking place.
Whether you dream of live visuals, interactive installations, Cocoa apps, dashboard
widgets, or extra awesomeness for your film and motion graphics projects, Quartz
Composer will enable you to develop beautiful solutions in amazingly short periods
Characterizing the nature of heavy metal release reactions, sorption mechanisms,
and movement in the soil is the main topic of this book. Because soils are heterogeneous,
heavy metals in soils can be involved in a series of complex chemical and
biological interactions including oxidation-reduction, precipitation and dissolution,
volatilization, and surface and solution phase complexation. The heterogeneous
nature of the different soil constituents adds to the complexity of interactions of
heavy metal species with the soil environment....
The ability to create intelligent machines has intrigued humans since ancient times, and
today with the advent of the computer and 50 years of research into AI programming
techniques, the dream of smart machines is becoming a reality. Researchers are creating
systems, which can mimic human beings. Accurate mathematical models neither always
exist nor can they be derived for all complex environments because the domain may not
be thoroughly understood. The solution consists of constructing rules that apply when
input values lie within certain designer-defined categories....
Visual Basic 2005, together with the .NET Framework, provides a wonderfully powerful development
environment. With these tools, developers can build amazingly powerful applications relatively quickly
With this power, however, comes great complexity. Many books are available that discuss the Visual
Basic language, and if you need to build a relatively simple application, those are generally sufficient.
No books, however, address the complex issues that surround the development of more complicated
Visual Basic applications.
Some studies are content with establishing simple correlations, while others
involve sophisticated econometric analysis, attempting to ascertain the existence and
direction of causality. Yet other studies involve complex systems with feedback loops or
large simulation models with scenario analysis. Inevitably, they reach different
conclusions even when they analyze the same body of data because of differences in
perspectives, levels of aggregation and methods of analysis.
The idea of using markets and pricing computer re-
sources is quite old. Pricing policies received consid-
erable attention at the dawn of modern multi-user time
sharing systems. Papers in the late 1960’s were dedi-
cated to automated pricing policies for computer time
[18, 19, 20]. As research, this work was short-lived.
The complexity of these schemes relative to their beneﬁt,
combined with the environment of time-shared systems
(mostly cooperative, mostly controlled by a single en-
tity) quickly made pricing for shared resource allocation
a low priority.
Media skills play an increasingly important role in the gathering and sharing of ideas and information. At the core of
media mastery are the same fundamental capacities as are required “offline” in traditional print forms: an ability to
produce clear communications and an ability to access, understand, and evaluate complex materials and messages.
Media mastery also calls upon some skills unique to the online environment, ranging from being able to conduct
digital-based research to exchanging and debating ideas in online discussions to interacting with new text forms.
To address this need, PricewaterhouseCoopers has developed the Hub and
Spokes Resource Model
The Hub and Spokes Resource Model assumes that certain core internal audit
resources and capabilities will remain resident within the company. This “hub”
provides internal audit with the leadership, continuity and experience that are
unique to your organisation. The “spokes” in the model represent elements of
a possible cosourcing relationship.
Malnutrition results from a complex set of factors and not one simple cause. The UNICEF conceptual
model of causes of malnutrition (page 16) provides a useful framework for the discussion of the
causes of malnutrition in Somalia. The volatile political situation and civil unrest have led to a
chronic and continuing humanitarian crisis that is at the root of the high prevalence of malnutrition
in Somalia. Somalia is also prone to drought and floods.
Using CAE programs, a mechanical design team can quickly and cheaply iterate the design process to develop a product that better meets cost, performance, and other constraints. No physical prototype need be created until the design nears completion, allowing hundreds or thousands of designs to be evaluated, instead of a relative few. In addition, CAE analysis programs can model complicated physical phenomena which cannot be solved by hand, such as viscoelasticity, complex contact between mating parts, or non-Newtonian flows....
Chapter 5 - Decision making, learning, creativity, and entrepreneurship. The learning objectives for this chapter include: Understand the nature of managerial decision making, differentiate between programmed and nonprogrammed decisions, and explain why nonprogrammed decision making is a complex, uncertain process; describe the six steps that managers should take to make the best decisions, and explain how cognitive biases can lead managers to make poor decisions;...
Building on MATLAB (the language of technical computing), Simulink provides a
platform for engineers to plan, model, design, simulate, test and implement complex
electromechanical, dynamic control, signal processing and communication systems.
Simulink-Matlab combination is very useful for developing algorithms, GUI assisted
creation of block diagrams and realisation of interactive simulation based designs. The
eleven chapters of the book demonstrate the power and capabilities of Simulink to
solve engineering problems with varied degree of complexity in the virtual
MIDAS/Civil is the ultimate Integrated Civil Engineering Solution for designing
bridges and general civil structures. It retains construction stage analysis
capabilities for Prestressed/Post-tensioned concrete, Suspension, Cable Stayed,
Specialty and Conventional bridges and Heat of hydration.MIDAS/Civil, developed in the object-oriented programming language Visual
C++, fully exploits the advantages and the characteristics of the 32bit Windows
environment for technical computations.
This module provides students with the knowledge and skills that they will need
to design a complex installation of multiple products on a single server. After
completing this module, students will be able to:
Choose a hardware platform.
Determine the Microsoft® Windows® 2000 operating system configuration
for the Web infrastructure servers.
Select the appropriate technology for a highly available solution based on
Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS).
Design a highly available COM+ (Component Object Model) Environment
by using Microsoft Application Center 2000.
In recent years, flow control and network management in high speed networks have drawn much attention by researchers in the telecommunications field. In large-scale network environments with high complexity, decentralized control and decision making are required. Many research papers concerned with multidisciplinary approaches to modeling, controlling and managing networks from a computational intelligence point of view appear in the key telecommunication journals every year.
The basic physics of sound propagation are simple, but the interaction of
sound pressure waves with complex shapes and multi-layer constructions with
openings, as you find in buildings, is more challenging. Controlling noise, both
from the internal and external environment and from the internal mechanical
and electrical services in buildings, is essential to create environments that
promote aural communication and comfortable working conditions.
Given the spatial relationships extracted as described above, our
goal is to integrate this information into an optimization framework
with a properly deﬁned cost function quantifying the quality of the
furniture arrangement. Given an arbitrary room layout populated by
furniture objects, the synthesized arrangement should be useful for
virtual environment modeling in games and movies, interior design
software, and other applications.
The search space of our problem is highly complex as objects are
interdependent in the optimization process.
The main focus of this book is the presentation of the “inertial”
view of population growth. This view provides a rather simple
model for complex population dynamics, and is achieved at the
level of the single species, without invoking species interactions.
An important part of our account is the maternal effect. Investment
of mothers in the quality of their daughters makes the rate
of reproduction of the current generation depend not only on the
current environment but also on the environment experienced
by the preceding generation....