Models of agreement

Xem 1-20 trên 51 kết quả Models of agreement
  • That slim and dispiriting publication Jobs for Philosophers made particularly brief anddismal reading in 1987,when I gotmyphilosophydoctorate. The ratio of available posts in university philosophy departments to the people applying for them was said to be about one to 300.

    pdf232p kimngan_1 06-11-2012 22 4   Download

  • Since 2005, the international development perspectives have broadened, with new funding sources, partnerships and configurations of stakeholders. Global public-health initiatives such as the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation (GAVI) and the Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM) have matured their operations and increasingly become significant sources of revenue for national health budgets in many low-income countries.

    pdf8p ut_hai_can 25-12-2012 20 10   Download

  • Dynamic Games are mathematical models of the interaction between different agents who are controlling a dynamical system. Such situations occur in many instances like armed conflicts (e.g. duel between a bomber and a jet fighter), economic competition (e.g. investments in R&D for computer companies), parlor games (Chess, Bridge).

    pdf577p tiramisu0908 30-10-2012 22 7   Download

  • The moving stories that people with a mental illness have published were the inspiration for this work, and we are deeply indebted to all those people who have shared their experiences with others in order to enhance our understanding. We have written this book to share a model of psychological recovery from mental illness which was derived from many personal accounts. There is a large and growing scholarly literature on recovery, most of which is in broad agreement about the elements of recovery and the many influences on the course of mental illness and its impact on the individual...

    pdf198p thienbinh1311 13-12-2012 36 5   Download

  • Once the committee has given a positive opinion on the FP, EuropeAID is responsible for the financing decision procedure. As a general rule, the Commis- sion adopts financing decisions by written proce- dure, or in exceptional circumstances by habilitation procedure. After approval of the FP by the Commission, EuropeAID prepares the Financing Agreement and takes responsibility for ensuring complete consistency between the Financing Proposal and the FA. The FA is based upon a model Financing Agreement, prepared by EuropeAID.

    pdf0p tainhacmienphi 25-02-2013 25 5   Download

  • India has more consumers for luxury goods than the adult population of several countries. A recent study 2 , on the luxury goods sector shows that, there could well be more than 1 million consumers. The projections are that it will treble by 2010. India is leading the demographics in terms of the growth of HNWIs, as shown in Table 3 below. With an impressive 22.7% growth on a base figure of 123 million (in 2007), as shown in Table 4 below, it is clear that India will continue to remain a destination of choice for sale of luxury goods. ...

    pdf28p nhacchovina 22-03-2013 26 5   Download

  • Reverend and former Congressman Bob Edgar brought the house down at our Conference in Aspen when he recited the arresting Martin Luther King, Jr. quote that opens this report. But what was remarkable about our Conference was that nearly everyone there brought the house down at some point – in their unique ways.Whether through quiet moments of candor, piercing insights about dynamics in our society or intense debates, our remarkable participants delivered on the challenging mandate set before them.

    pdf221p yeutinh98 26-09-2012 26 4   Download

  • Casual car theft, such as those committed by joyriding juveniles, still exists but has become a lesser part of the auto theft problem. Increasingly, car theft is a sophisticated criminal enterprise that involves title fraud, vehicle identification cloning, and stripping cars for parts in “chop shops.” The domestic and international black market for stolen vehicles and their parts is a profitable business. Vehicle identification cloning helps facilitate the crime of dealing in stolen vehicles.

    pdf24p nhacnenzingme 23-03-2013 15 4   Download

  • The model describes the behaviour of consumers, which are heterogeneous in terms of age, income and ¯nancial assets. They maximize the utility from consumption sub- ject to the life-cycle budget constraint. Their savings are remunerated at the deposit interest rate and the cost of borrowing is given by the lending rate. When young, con- sumers work and receive wages that depend on an idiosyncratic, stochastic component and a deterministic life-cycle pro¯le of productivity. When old, they are on a manda- tory retirement and receive pensions.

    pdf33p enterroi 01-02-2013 22 3   Download

  • Even if there is symmetry ex ante between borrower and lender (i.e. the bank knows the credit quality of the borrower), the collateral helps to alleviate moral hazard problems once the loan has been granted. In this sense, the collateral pledged helps align the interests of both lenders and borrowers, avoiding a situation in which the borrower makes less effort to ensure the success of the project for which finance was given. Thus, collateral makes it possible to limit the problem of the moral hazard faced by all banks when they lend money. Collateral can therefore be seen as...

    pdf45p enterroi 02-02-2013 18 3   Download

  • We propose a principled and efficient phraseto-phrase alignment model, useful in machine translation as well as other related natural language processing problems. In a hidden semiMarkov model, word-to-phrase and phraseto-word translations are modeled directly by the system. Agreement between two directional models encourages the selection of parsimonious phrasal alignments, avoiding the overfitting commonly encountered in unsupervised training with multi-word units.

    pdf10p hongdo_1 12-04-2013 17 3   Download

  • At this point you can start doing your literature search. Tell your professors about what you've discovered|nine times out of ten they'll tell you to look in the \1983 AER" or \Econometrica 77" or some textbook (maybe even one of mine). And lots of the time they'll be right. You'll look there and nd \your" model|but it will be much better done, much more fully developed, and much clearer. Hey, no one said research would be easy.

    pdf8p hoangphiyeah1tv 18-04-2013 18 3   Download

  • We investigate the controversial issue about the upper bound of interjudge agreement in the use of a low-level grammatical representation. Pessimistic views suggest that several percent of words in running text are undecidable in terms of part-of-speech categories. Our experiments with 55kW data give reason for optimism: linguists with only 30 hours' training apply the EngCG-2 morphological tags with almost 100% interjudge agreement.

    pdf5p bunthai_1 06-05-2013 14 3   Download

  • We present a novel computational formulation of speaker authority in discourse. This notion, which focuses on how speakers position themselves relative to each other in discourse, is first developed into a reliable coding scheme (0.71 agreement between human annotators). We also provide a computational model for automatically annotating text using this coding scheme, using supervised learning enhanced by constraints implemented with Integer Linear Programming.

    pdf9p hongdo_1 12-04-2013 19 2   Download

  • We present an enriched version of the Penn Arabic Treebank (Maamouri et al., 2004), where latent features necessary for modeling morpho-syntactic agreement in Arabic are manually annotated. We describe our process for efficient annotation, and present the first quantitative analysis of Arabic morphosyntactic phenomena.

    pdf6p hongdo_1 12-04-2013 26 2   Download

  • Finding temporal and causal relations is crucial to understanding the semantic structure of a text. Since existing corpora provide no parallel temporal and causal annotations, we annotated 1000 conjoined event pairs, achieving inter-annotator agreement of 81.2% on temporal relations and 77.8% on causal relations. We trained machine learning models using features derived from WordNet and the Google N-gram corpus, and they outperformed a variety of baselines, achieving an F-measure of 49.0 for temporals and 52.4 for causals. ...

    pdf4p hongphan_1 15-04-2013 15 2   Download

  • We describe a statistical approach for modeling agreements and disagreements in conversational interaction. Our approach first identifies adjacency pairs using maximum entropy ranking based on a set of lexical, durational, and structural features that look both forward and backward in the discourse. We then classify utterances as agreement or disagreement using these adjacency pairs and features that represent various pragmatic influences of previous agreement or disagreement on the current utterance. ...

    pdf8p bunbo_1 17-04-2013 20 1   Download

  • Current complex-feature based grammars use a single procedure--unification--for a multitude of purposes, among them, enforcing formal agreement between purely syntactic features. This paper presents evidence from several natural languages that unification--variable-matching combined with variable substitution--is the wrong mechanism for effecting agreement. The view of grammar developed here is one in which unification is used for semantic interpretation, while purely formal agreement involves only a check for non-distinctness---i.e, variable-matching without variable substitution. ...

    pdf11p bungio_1 03-05-2013 23 1   Download

  • Previous work on the induction of selectional preferences has been mainly carried out for English and has concentrated almost exclusively on verbs and their direct objects. In this paper, we focus on class-based models of selectional preferences for German verbs and take into account not only direct objects, but also subjects and prepositional complements. We evaluate model performance against human judgments and show that there is no single method that overall performs best.

    pdf8p bunthai_1 06-05-2013 22 1   Download

  • Today, many marketers use specific images that are meaningful to this audience: celebrities such as entertainers, rap singers and athletes; models in fashionable dress; models using specific cultural associations expressed in language and mannerisms; youth representing peer approval; and popular music unique to a specific group of children of color. Other marketing strategies lure young consumers with routine “low” and special discounted prices for over-sized amounts of foods and beverages, such as McDonald’s Meal Deals and 7–11’s Big Gulp oversized beverages....

    pdf72p dangsuynghi 15-03-2013 25 7   Download

CHỦ ĐỀ BẠN MUỐN TÌM

Đồng bộ tài khoản