The genomics revolution of the past decade has greatly enhanced our understanding of
the genetic composition of living organisms including many plant species of economic
importance. Complete genomic sequences of Arabidopsis and several major crops, together
with high-throughput technologies for analyses of transcripts, proteins and mutants, provide
the basis for understanding the relationship between genes, proteins and phenotypes.
The book Soybean: Molecular Aspects of Breeding focuses on recent progress in our understanding of the genetics and molecular biology of soybean and provides a broad review of the subject, from genome diversity to transformation and integration of desired genes using current technologies. This book is divided into four parts (Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Breeding for Abiotic Stress, Breeding for Biotic Stress, Recent Technology) and contains 22 chapters.
Research objectives: Thesis was the first studied methodically systematic assessment of genetic diversity by morphological indicators combined with molecular markers, identification of Vietnamese native Dendroium species based on the ITS sequences. The results of the thesis have significance in the classification, the conservation service, and selection and breed new varieties; these will be contributing to improve Vietnam orchids.
Lenne, 1996) and to decrease
damage by pests and pathogens (Cantelo & Sanford, 1984). In some crops (e.g. rice) this is
applied on a large scale to maximize yield by minimizing damage by pathogens (Zhu et al.,
2000). Information on genetic diversity and population structure also assists plant breeding
in the selection of parents for crossing, providing a more rational basis for expanding the
gene pool, and for identifying materials that harbor genes of value for plant improvement.
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Complete chloroplast genome of Oncidium Gower Ramsey and evaluation of molecular markers for identification and breeding in Oncidiinae
Agriculture has been theorized to have become the dominant way of producing food since the Neolithic Revolution. Through early biotechnology, the earliest farmers selected and bred the best suited crops, having the highest yields, to produce enough food to support a growing population. As crops and fields became increasingly large and difficult to maintain, it was discovered that specific organisms and their by-products could effectively fertilize, restore nitrogen, and control pests.
Even in work that lies so near the fortuities of animate nature as dairying, stock−breeding, and the
improvement of crop plants, a determinate, reasoned routine replaces the rule of thumb. By mechanical
control of his materials the dairyman, e.g., selectively determines the rate and kind of the biological processes
that change his raw material into finished product.
The World Bank’s mission is to alleviate poverty and support sustainable development. The
conservation and sustainable use of natural habitats and biodiversity will contribute to these
goals by protecting ecosystem services that are critical to fulfilling these objectives. Biodiversity
is the foundation and mainstay of agriculture, forests, and fisheries. Biological resources provide
the raw materials for livelihoods, sustenance, medicines, trade, tourism, and industry.
Development initiatives in the past have emphasized genetic improvement, usually through
the introduction of exotic genes, arguing that improved feed would have no effect on indigenous
birds of low genetic potential. There is a growing awareness of the need to balance the rate of
genetic improvement with improvement in feed availability, health care and management. There
is also an increased recognition of the potential of indigenous breeds and their role in converting
locally available feed resources into sustainable production.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học quốc tế đề tài: Estimation of relatedness among non-pedigreed Yakutian cryo-bank bulls using molecular data: implications for conservation and breed management
Biophotonics is revolutionizing the field of medicine, biology and
chemistry and creating a new breed of medical engineers while at the
same time getting engineers a taste of medicine. From an engineer's
perspective, biophotonics is the application of photonics - the technology
of generating and harnessing packet of light energy called photons - to
image, detect and manipulate biological materials. In biology the
understanding of molecular mechanisms, function of proteins and
molecules has seen great new advances.
Boran, a popular cattle breed, is predominantly utilized and widely distributed across
various countries of Africa (DAGRIS 2006). The Ethiopian Boran belongs to the group of
Zebu cattle (Bos indicus), with their characteristic hump and pendulous dewlap. Available
archaeological records indicate that zebu cattle are the most recent types of cattle to be
introduced into Africa. Recent molecular genetic as well as archaeological evidences
(Marshall 2000; Hanotte et al.