Molecular spectroscopy

Xem 1-20 trên 42 kết quả Molecular spectroscopy
  • Quantum mechanics, shortly after invention, obtained applications in different area of human knowledge. Perhaps, the most attractive feature of quantum mechanics is its applications in such diverse area as, astrophysics, nuclear physics, atomic and molecular spectroscopy, solid state physics and nanotechnology, crystallography, chemistry, biotechnology, information theory, electronic engineering...

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  • Modern Spectroscopy has been written to fulfil a need for an up-to-date text on spectroscopy. It is aimed primarily at a typical undergraduate audience in chemistry, chemical physics, or physics in the United Kingdom and at undergraduate and graduate student audiences elsewhere. Spectroscopy covers a very wide area which has been widened further since the mid- 1960s by the development of lasers and such techniques as photoelectron spectroscopy and other closely related spectroscopies.

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  • Cordyceps gunnii (berk.) Berk (C. Gunnii) is well known as a Chinese rare caterpillar fungus and has similar pharmacological activity with C. sinensis. In this work, a high-molecular-weight polysaccharide (CPS) was isolated and purified from the mycelia of C. gunnii. The total sugar content of CPS was amounted to 92.84%. The result of HPLC indicated that CPS was a homogeneous polysaccharide. The estimated average molecular weight of CPS was 3.72 ×106 Da. The specific rotation of CPS was recorded [˛]25 D = +134.2◦.

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  • Photosystem II (PSII), an essential component of oxygenic photosynthesis, is a membrane-bound pigment protein complex found in green plants and cyanobacteria. Whereas the molecular structure of cyanobacterial PSII has been resolved with at least medium resolution [Zouni, A., Witt, H.-T., Kern, J., Fromme, P., Krauss, N., Saenger, W. & Orth, P. (2001)Nature (London)409, 739–743; Kamiya, N. &Shen, J.R. (2003)Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA100, 98–103], the structure of higher plant PSII is only known at low resolution. ...

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  • After opening a new class of chemical reactions in 1964, reactions in which unpaired electrons of stable radicals were not involved, nitroxide (aminoxyl) radicals became one of the most interesting and rapidly developing area of modern physical chemistry with their application to biophysics, molecular biology, polymer sciences and medicine. Further development of this field depends on new pathways in the nitroxide chemistry, modern methods in EPR spectroscopy and revealing new perspective practical approaches....

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  • The molecular carbon dioxide laser was invented in 1964 by C. K. N. Patel at Bell Labs. Immediately, it proved to be a high-power, continuous wave (CW) laser and a relatively high-efficiency gas laser (20-25% conversion of electrical energy into laser radiation), both in CW or pulsed operation. As a matter of fact, the CO2 lasers are the highest-power CW lasers (more than 100 kW) and one of the highest-energy pulsed gas laser (100 kJ) that are currently available.

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  • This special volume is published to mark the Centenary of the founding of the Faraday Society in 1903. It consists of 23 papers re-printed from Faraday journals-the Transactions, General Discussions and Symposia-that have been published over the past 100 years. Each article has been selected by an expert in one of the many scientific fields, bounded by chemistry, physics and biology, which the Faraday Society and its successor the RSC Faraday Division seek to promote. Each paper is accompanied ...

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  • A new edition of any book presents an opportunity which an author welcomes for several reasons. It is a chance to respond to constructive criticisms of the previous edition which he thinks are valid. New material can be introduced which may be useful to teachers and students in the light of the way the subject, and the teaching of the subject, has developed in the intervening years. Last, and certainly not least, there is an opportunity to correct any errors which had escaped the author’s notice....

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: and molecular size-selective detection of proteins using a chip-based and heteroliganded gold nanoisland by localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy

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  •  UV-Visible spectra can be interpreted to help determine molecular structure, but this is presently confined to the analysis of electron behavior in known compounds.  Information from other techniques (NMR, MS, IR) is usually far more useful for structural analysis  However, UV-Vis evidence should not be ignored!

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  • There have been various comprehensive and stand-alone text books on the introduction to Molecular Photochemistry available in market. A few fantastic books to mention are: ‘Modern Molecular Photochemistry of Organic Molecules’ by N. J. Turro et. al. and ‘Fundamentals of Photochemistry’ by K. K. Rohatgi- Mukherjee. These books along with others give crystal clear idea on the common topics both in pictorial and intuitive terms.

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  • During the years surrounding the new millennium, the field of vibrational optical activity (VOA), comprised principally of vibrational circular dichroism (VCD) and vibrational Raman optical activity (ROA), underwent a transition from a specialized area of research that had been practiced by a handful of pioneers into an important newfield of spectroscopy practiced by an increasing number of scientists worldwide. This transition was made possible by the development of commercial instrumentation and software for the routine measurement and quantum chemical calculation ofVOA.

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  • Complexation of the small serine protease inhibitorSchistocerca gregaria chymotrypsin inhibitor (SGCI), a member of the pacifastin inhibitor family, with bovine chymotrypsin was followed by NMR spectroscopy. 1 H– 15 N correlation (HSQC) spectra of the inhibitor with increasing amounts of the enzyme reveal tight and specific binding in agreement with biochemical data.

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  • The effect of pH and temperature on structure, stability, activity and enantioselectivity of haloalkane dehalogenase DbjA from Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110 was investigated in this study. Conformational changes have been assessed by circular dichroism spectroscopy, functional changes by kinetic analysis, while quaternary structure was studied by gel filtration chromatography.

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  • A strength of NMR spectroscopy is its ability to monitor, on an atomic level, molecular changes and interactions. In this review, which is intended for non-spectroscopists, we describe major uses of NMR in protein science beyond solution structure determination.

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  • This study examines the characteristics of binding of berberine to the human telomeric d[AG3(T2AG3 )3] quadruplex. By employing UV-visible spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy and isothermal titration calorime-try, we found that the binding affinity of berberine to the human telomeric quadruplex is 10 6 .

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  • Escherichia coliflavorubredoxin (FlRd) belongs to the family of flavodiiron proteins (FDPs), microbial enzymes that are expressed to scavenge nitric oxide (NO) under anaerobic conditions. To degrade NO, FlRd has to be reduced by NADH via the FAD-binding protein flavorubredoxin reduc-tase, thus the kinetics of electron transfer along this pathway was investi-gated by stopped-flow absorption spectroscopy.

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  • The interaction of xenon with copper⁄6-hydroxydopa (2,4,5-trihydroxy-phenethylamine) quinone (TPQ) amine oxidases from the plant pulses lentil (Lens esculenta) and pea (Pisum sativum) (seedlings), the perennial Mediter-ranean shrub Euphorbia characias(latex), and the mammals cattle (serum) and pigs (kidney), were investigated by NMR and optical spectroscopy of the aqueous solutions of the enzymes.

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  • The 3D structure of a complex formed by the acidic fibroblast growth fac-tor (FGF-1) and a specifically designed synthetic heparin hexasaccharide has been determined by NMR spectroscopy. This hexasaccharide can sub-stitute natural heparins in FGF-1 mitogenesis assays, in spite of not indu-cing any apparent dimerization of the growth factor.

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  • DnaG is the primase that lays down RNA primers on single-stranded DNA during bacterial DNA replication. The solution structure of the DnaB-helicase-binding C-terminal domain ofEscherichia coliDnaG was determined by NMR spectroscopy at near-neutral pH. The structure is a rare fold that, besides occurring in DnaG C-terminal domains, has been described only for the N-terminal domain of DnaB.

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