Monetary policy

Xem 1-20 trên 277 kết quả Monetary policy
  • Open market operations Affect the quantity of reserves and the monetary base Changes in borrowed reserves Affect the monetary base Changes in reserve requirements Affect the money multiplier Federal funds rate—the interest rate on overnight loans of reserves from one bank to another Primary indicator of the stance of monetary policy

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  • ESSAYS ON THE DESIGN OF MONETARY POLICY WITH INCOMPLETE INFORMATION Evidence from the NELS and from high school completion rates The SAT data are uniquely valuable for my empirical strategy, both because they span a large fraction of metropolitan high schools and because they describe an outcome that is an important factor in families’ evaluations of schools. Nevertheless, it remains possible that selection into SAT-taking biases the above results.

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  • AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE POSITIVE AND NORMATIVE ASPECTS OF MONETARY POLICY The alternative hypotheses that are consistent with the above results, that parental valuations place a great deal of weight on peer group relative to effectiveness or that administrative and instructional effectiveness is simply unimportant to the distribution of educational outcomes, seem more plausible.

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  • The operational procedures of the Bank of Greece underwent major changes during the 1990s. These shifts in operational strategy made interest rates the main tool of monetary policy for the first time in Greece. This paper examines the effects of changes in the bank’s operational interest rates on market interest rates at eight maturities and for different operational regimes. A major feature of our study is the application of the event study methodology used in finance, which has not been employed in any previous study on this subject.

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  • Chapter 14 introduce to the bank of Canada and monetary policy. In this chapter you will learn: The main functions of the bank of Canada, how the Bank of Canada can expand or contract the money supply, the components of money demand, how the equilibrium interest rate is determined in the money market, the mechanism by which the interest rate affects GDP.

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  • This paper studies the responses of residential property and equity prices, inflation and economic activity to monetary policy shocks in 17 countries, using data spanning 1986-2006. We estimate VARs for individual economies and panel VARs in which we distinguish between groups of countries on the basis of the characteristics of their financial systems. The results suggest that using monetary policy to offset asset price movements in order to guard against financial instability may have large effects on economic activity.

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  • For the past fifteen years the New Keynesian model has served as a frame of reference for analyses of fluctuations and stabilization policies.1 That framework has allowed the rigor and internal consistency of dynamic general equilibrium models to be combined with typically Keynesian assumptions, like monopolistic competition and nominal rigidities, thus setting the stage for a meaningful, welfarebased analysis of the effects of alternative monetary policy rules.

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  • We find that for operational forms of policy rules, ie rules that do not depend on contemporaneous values of endogenous aggregate variables, many interest-rate rules do not exhibit robust stability. We consider a variety of interest-rate rules, including instrument rules, optimal reaction functions under discretion or commitment, and rules that approximate optimal policy under commitment.

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  • In this chapter you will consider whether policymakers should try to stabilize the economy, consider whether monetary policy should be made by rule rather than by discretion, consider whether the central bank should aim for zero inflation, consider whether fiscal policymakers should reduce the government debt, consider whether the tax laws should be reformed to encourage saving.

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  • 1. Inflation targeting is becoming the monetary policy framework of choice in a growing number of emerging market and developing countries. This paper examines the experience of non-industrial inflation targeting countries to review the implications for the Fund’s approach to surveillance, technical assistance, and the design of conditionality in Fund-supported programs. For this examination, the paper uses macroeconomic data, technical assistance reports, and a new survey of central banks in selected emerging markets....

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  • In the surnmero f 1997, whent he Federal ReserveB anko f Bostons elected the topic for its fortysecond annual economicc onference, manyp undits werea sking: "Is the business cycle dead, or at least permanently dampened?"B y the time the Bank’s conference convenedi n June 1998, the same pundits queried: "What caused the massive recessions in Asia?" and "Can the United States remain ’an oasis of prosperity,’ as Fed Chairman Alan Greenspan termed it, while economiesw orldwidea re under siege from financial crises?" Howq uickly things change! BeyondS hocks:W hatC ausesB usiness Cycles ? t...

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  • This document presents the operational framework chosen by the Eurosystem* for the single monetary policy in the euro area. The document, which forms part of the Eurosystem’s legal framework for monetary policy instruments and procedures, is intended to serve as the “General Documentation” on the monetary policy instruments and procedures of the Eurosystem, and is aimed, in particular, at providing counterparties with the information they need in relation to the Eurosystem’s monetary policy framework....

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  • Our results suggest that both monetary policy and capital inows shocks have a signicant and positive effect on house prices, credit to the private sector and residential investment. The effects of both shocks are greater in countries with a higher degree of mortgage market development, with the effect of monetary policy shocks roughly doubling. This suggests that excessive nancial innovation may act as a propagation mechanism. The existence of mortgage-backed securities has a much larger effect on the transmission of capital inows shocks.

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  • Stabilization Programs, Monetary Policy and Exchange Rate Movements in Emerging Markets Economies I use a unique data set consisting of observations on more than 300,000 metropolitan SAT takers from the 1994 cohort, matched to the high schools that students attended. The size of this sample permits accurate estimation of both peer quality and average performance for the great majority of high schools in each of 177 metropolitan housing markets. I find no evidence that the association between peer group and student performance is stronger in high-choice than in low-choice markets....

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  • Four years after the launch of the euro in January 1999 and while the European Central Bank (ECB) plans a review about its monetary policy strategy, it seems interesting to study the link between monetary policy, the long-term perception of ináation and long-term interest rates. In the European case, it is possible to use the German term structure as a benchmark.

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