Xem 1-20 trên 296 kết quả Monetary policy
  • Open market operations Affect the quantity of reserves and the monetary base Changes in borrowed reserves Affect the monetary base Changes in reserve requirements Affect the money multiplier Federal funds rate—the interest rate on overnight loans of reserves from one bank to another Primary indicator of the stance of monetary policy

    ppt23p sony_12 25-06-2013 25 11   Download

  • ESSAYS ON THE DESIGN OF MONETARY POLICY WITH INCOMPLETE INFORMATION Evidence from the NELS and from high school completion rates The SAT data are uniquely valuable for my empirical strategy, both because they span a large fraction of metropolitan high schools and because they describe an outcome that is an important factor in families’ evaluations of schools. Nevertheless, it remains possible that selection into SAT-taking biases the above results.

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  • AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE POSITIVE AND NORMATIVE ASPECTS OF MONETARY POLICY The alternative hypotheses that are consistent with the above results, that parental valuations place a great deal of weight on peer group relative to effectiveness or that administrative and instructional effectiveness is simply unimportant to the distribution of educational outcomes, seem more plausible.

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  • The operational procedures of the Bank of Greece underwent major changes during the 1990s. These shifts in operational strategy made interest rates the main tool of monetary policy for the first time in Greece. This paper examines the effects of changes in the bank’s operational interest rates on market interest rates at eight maturities and for different operational regimes. A major feature of our study is the application of the event study methodology used in finance, which has not been employed in any previous study on this subject.

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  • In this chapter, students will be able to understand: What is a monetary policy transmission mechanism? Why would a Nobel Laureate economist suggest replacing the Federal Reserve with an intelligent horse? Why do people wish to hold money balances?,...

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  • Chapter 14 introduce to the bank of Canada and monetary policy. In this chapter you will learn: The main functions of the bank of Canada, how the Bank of Canada can expand or contract the money supply, the components of money demand, how the equilibrium interest rate is determined in the money market, the mechanism by which the interest rate affects GDP.

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  • The transmission of monetary policy is the center of economic studies, this field was renewed in light of the 2008 global financial crisis with arguments about the effectiveness and the determinants of transmission channels especially in emerging markets such as Vietnam which may have strong bank lending channel while asset price channel and exchange rate channel may be weak.

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  • The transmission of monetary policy is the center of economic studies, this field was renewed in light of the 2008 global financial crisis with arguments about the effectiveness and the determinants of transmission channels especially in emerging markets such as Vietnam which may have strong bank lending channel while asset price channel and exchange rate channel may be weak.

    pdf34p change08 30-06-2016 6 2   Download

  • To ensure that deviations of inflation from the target are only temporary, monetary policymakers respond to change in inflation by changing the real interest rate in the same direction. The monetary policy reaction curve is set so that when current inflation equals target inflation, the real interest rate equals the long-run real interest rate.

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  • Chapter 33 - Interest rates and monetary policy. After reading this chapter, you should be able to: Discuss how the equilibrium interest rate is determined in the market for money, list and explain the goals and tools of monetary policy, describe the Federal funds rate and how the Fed directly influences it, identify the mechanisms by which monetary policy affects GDP and the price level, explain the effectiveness of monetary policy and its shortcomings.

    ppt18p tangtuy05 23-03-2016 4 1   Download

  • After reading this chapter, you should be able to: Discuss how the equilibrium interest rate is determined in the market for money, list and explain the goals and tools of monetary policy, describe the Federal funds rate and how the Fed directly influences it, identify the mechanisms by which monetary policy affects GDP and the price level, explain the effectiveness of monetary policy and its shortcomings.

    ppt18p nhanmotchut_5 02-11-2016 0 0   Download

  • In this chapter, students will be able to: Describe the role of the Federal Reserve of the United States, define macroeconomic stability as the Fed’s primary goal while noting that controlling inflation has typically been the way it measures its success, integrate an understanding of the tools of monetary policy with their application utilizing an aggregate supply-aggregate demand model, describe the recent history of monetary policy and the Federal Reserve’s role in the 2007-2009 recession.

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  • This paper studies the responses of residential property and equity prices, inflation and economic activity to monetary policy shocks in 17 countries, using data spanning 1986-2006. We estimate VARs for individual economies and panel VARs in which we distinguish between groups of countries on the basis of the characteristics of their financial systems. The results suggest that using monetary policy to offset asset price movements in order to guard against financial instability may have large effects on economic activity.

    pdf35p thuytinh_den 11-07-2010 94 16   Download

  • For the past fifteen years the New Keynesian model has served as a frame of reference for analyses of fluctuations and stabilization policies.1 That framework has allowed the rigor and internal consistency of dynamic general equilibrium models to be combined with typically Keynesian assumptions, like monopolistic competition and nominal rigidities, thus setting the stage for a meaningful, welfarebased analysis of the effects of alternative monetary policy rules.

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  • We find that for operational forms of policy rules, ie rules that do not depend on contemporaneous values of endogenous aggregate variables, many interest-rate rules do not exhibit robust stability. We consider a variety of interest-rate rules, including instrument rules, optimal reaction functions under discretion or commitment, and rules that approximate optimal policy under commitment.

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  • The main contents of this chapter include all of the following: Monetary theory, tradeoff faced by the Fed, economic indicators monitored by the Fed, lags in monetary policy, assessing the impact of monetary policy, integrating monetary and fiscal policies, global effects of monetary policy.

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  • In this chapter you will consider whether policymakers should try to stabilize the economy, consider whether monetary policy should be made by rule rather than by discretion, consider whether the central bank should aim for zero inflation, consider whether fiscal policymakers should reduce the government debt, consider whether the tax laws should be reformed to encourage saving.

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  • 1. Inflation targeting is becoming the monetary policy framework of choice in a growing number of emerging market and developing countries. This paper examines the experience of non-industrial inflation targeting countries to review the implications for the Fund’s approach to surveillance, technical assistance, and the design of conditionality in Fund-supported programs. For this examination, the paper uses macroeconomic data, technical assistance reports, and a new survey of central banks in selected emerging markets....

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  • In the surnmero f 1997, whent he Federal ReserveB anko f Bostons elected the topic for its fortysecond annual economicc onference, manyp undits werea sking: "Is the business cycle dead, or at least permanently dampened?"B y the time the Bank’s conference convenedi n June 1998, the same pundits queried: "What caused the massive recessions in Asia?" and "Can the United States remain ’an oasis of prosperity,’ as Fed Chairman Alan Greenspan termed it, while economiesw orldwidea re under siege from financial crises?" Howq uickly things change! BeyondS hocks:W hatC ausesB usiness Cycles ? t...

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  • This document presents the operational framework chosen by the Eurosystem* for the single monetary policy in the euro area. The document, which forms part of the Eurosystem’s legal framework for monetary policy instruments and procedures, is intended to serve as the “General Documentation” on the monetary policy instruments and procedures of the Eurosystem, and is aimed, in particular, at providing counterparties with the information they need in relation to the Eurosystem’s monetary policy framework....

    pdf106p greengrass304 14-09-2012 21 8   Download

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