Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic systemic inflammatory arthritis of auto-immune
origin that affects primarily the synovial joints, usually in a symmetrical pattern.
It is the most common and most serious of the inflammatory arthritides, and
it dominates clinical rheumatological practice (Silman 2002). Current evidence
shows that prompt diagnosis and early instigation of definitive disease-modifying
treatment can delay or avoid progression and enable patients to retain function that
would otherwise be lost in this progressive and frequently disabling disease....
Now is the time to align CHWs with broader health
system strengthening efforts at the primary care level,
improve CHW financing, and broadly disseminate
recent advances in technology, diagnostics and treatment
to support community-based health workers.
The MDGs have provided the impetus for a new generation
of investments accompanied by international
progress monitoring of progress through the Countdown
to 2015 initiative and the UN Commission on
Information and Accountability for Women’s and
This publication is the fifith in a UNICEF series that monitors progress for children towards achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It assesses current performance in relation to MDG no.7 which aims to halve by 2015 the number of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. As well as being vital in themselves, safe water and sanitation are also key prerequisites for achieving other MDGs such as reducing child and materal mortality, combating diseases, reducing child undernutrition and achieving universal primary education.
The U.S. is committed to aligning GHI investments with partner country plans and strategies, primarily through tech-
nical assistance, project-level support, and capacity-building of governments and other local institutions. GHI’s capac-
ity-building investments include support for policy development, implementation, management, research, monitoring,
and evaluation. In countries where the private sector is a vital partner in providing health care, the U.S.
Electronic Medical Records now act as main repositories for patient data. As we con-
tinue to explore the intricate relationship between phenotype and genotype, these
records become a vital source for monitoring patients’ progression of disease. The pre-
sence of a given variation, as it relates to the appearance or absence of disease over
time, can be mapped as encounters are recorded by clinicians. Every result, encounter,
event, or diagnosis is recorded as a data item and includes a date.
Once COPD has been diagnosed, goals of treatment and management include relieving
symptoms; preventing and treating disease progression, complications, and exacerbations;
improving exercise tolerance, daily activity, and health status; monitoring nutritional needs;
and reducing premature mortality (8).
EDRN is at the forefront of technology-driven research on the use of
biomarkers for the early detection of cancer. By identifying and validat-
ing biomarkers, such as novel proteins or changes in gene expression, it
is possible to measure an individual’s disease risk, progression of disease,
or response to therapy. Ultimately, EDRN research will aid in prevention
and in early therapeutic intervention, based on early detection of disease.
Monitoring and evaluation. Finally, in order to track progress
and enhance learning and quality, an effective system of monitoring
and evaluation that includes assessment of on-the-ground results is
under development. Progress in implementing the strategy will be
The estimated incremental costs of implementing the strategy
will be about $2 million in the current fiscal year, about $3 million
per year in the three subsequent years, and approximately $2.5 mil-
lion per year thereafter. Corporate incentive funding of $0.
Fall is rodent time. This means it’s also time to step up your
rodent monitoring and control efforts. Food resources in the
fields and woods are beginning to get scarce for rats and mice
this time of the year, forcing them to move into poultry houses
where food and water are plentiful. Be ready by tightening up
your poultry houses and having plenty of rodenticide on hand.
Start with a walk around the poultry houses. Be alert for signs
of new rodent activity (gnawing, bits of fallen insulation,
droppings, tail marks and tracks). Note the...
The global cost of communicable diseases is expected to rise. SARS has
put the world on alert. We have now Avian Flu on the watch. Recognizing
the global nature of threats posed by new and re-emerging infectious diseases
and the fact that many recent occurrences originated in the Asia Pacific
regions, there has been an increased interest in learning and knowing
about disease surveillance and monitoring progresses made in these regions.
Such knowledge and awareness is necessary to reduce conflict, discomfort,
tension and uneasiness in future negotiations and global cooperation....