Xem 1-20 trên 140 kết quả Monitoring individuals
  • Estuarine Research, Monitoring, and Resource Protection is principally designed as a reference volume for estuarine and watershed scientists, resource managers, decision makers, and other professionals who deal with coastal zone issues. Information contained in this volume will be useful to individuals conducting either basic or applied research on estuaries. It will also be valuable to administrators engaged in coastal resource management programs.

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  • This book is about the distribution and abundance of different types of organism, and about the physical, chemical but especially the biological features and interactions that determine these distributions and abundances. Unlike some other sciences, the subject matter of ecology is apparent to everybody: most people have observed and pondered nature, and in this sense most people are ecologists of sorts. But ecology is not an easy science.

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  • Product evaluation is an important part of brewing, whether performed informally or formally and whether the product is from a commercial or home brewery. Formal beer evaluation serves three primary purposes in the context of brewing competitions. First, the beer evaluations provide feedback to the brewer concerning how well an individual recipe represents its intended beer style. This feedback can be useful as recipes are fine-tuned and attempts are made to improve the beer. Second, beer evaluations may provide brewers with troubleshooting advice.

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  • The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP 2005b, 20) documents that the poorest 40 per cent of the world’s population, that is, the 2.5 billion people who live on less than two dollars a day, account for 5 per cent of the world’s income, while the richest 10 per cent, most of them living in high-income countries, account for 54 per cent of the world’s income. When assessing global poverty, it is important to keep in mind that inequalities are not just intrinsic to differences in income between countries or between groups and individuals within a country.

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  • Indoor air pollution poses many challenges to the health pro- fessional. This booklet offers an overview of those challenges, focusing on acute conditions, with patterns that point to par- ticular agents and suggestions for appropriate remedial action. The individual presenting with environmentally associated symptoms is apt to have been exposed to airborne substances originating not outdoors, but indoors. Studies from the United States and Europe show that persons in industrial- ized nations spend more than 90 percent of their time indoors1.

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  • It is a young and fast-growing industry that continues to evolve and expand both financially and geographically. This industry’s vast market includes devout Muslims in indigenous Muslim societies as well as in Muslim minorities of non-Muslim countries. Furthermore, it offers a broad appeal beyond its traditional Muslim base: non-Muslim individuals and communities that seek ethical financial solutions have also been attracted to Islamic banking. The first modern Islamic financial institutions emerged in the 1960s and 1970s.

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  • The Medicare Modernization Act of 2003 (MMA) authorized the development of several new types of health plans for the elderly. The new Special Needs Plans (SNPs) are of particular relevance to the disabled elderly population. MMA allowed for three types of Special Need Plans, one aimed at residents of SNFs, a second aimed at dual Medicare and Medicaid eligible individuals, and a third aimed at patients with one or more chronic disease problems. To date, most SNPs have targeted the dually eligible but all three could be relevant to health centers serving the disabled elderly.

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  • A small minority of respondents indicated that their LRSPs include an explicit definition of the term “ECAI.” For instance, under the Australian prudential standards, an ECAI is defined as “an entity that assigns credit ratings designed to measure the creditworthiness of a counterparty or certain types of debt obligations of a counterparty.” The majority of respondents indicated that their LRSPs reference specific credit rating agencies. All but one of those respondents mentioned Moody’s Investors Service, Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services, and Fitch Ratings.

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  • In addition, it is important to demonstrate the sustaina- bility and cultural acceptability of a given intervention. Documenting these impacts will help generate the evidence to convince policy-makers and donors at all levels that household energy interventions work in reducing one of the major global threats to children's and women's health. In 2005, WHO organized a series of 5-day training workshops as a step towards building regional capacity in the area of household energy and indoor air pollution monitoring.

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  • EDRN is at the forefront of technology-driven research on the use of biomarkers for the early detection of cancer. By identifying and validat- ing biomarkers, such as novel proteins or changes in gene expression, it is possible to measure an individual’s disease risk, progression of disease, or response to therapy. Ultimately, EDRN research will aid in prevention and in early therapeutic intervention, based on early detection of disease.

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  • The size of banks’ balance sheets and the maturity structure of assets and liabilities is key to the generation of liquidity. Taking the view that banks manage their assets and liabilities independently of each other overlooks the structural interdependence between the asset side and the liability side of the balance sheet.

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  • Worldwide, 50 percent of adults report having an individual or joint account at a formal financial institution. But while account penetration is nearly universal in high-income economies, with 89 percent of adults reporting that they have an account at a formal financial institution, it is only 41 percent in developing economies. Globally, more than 2.5 billion adults do not have a formal account, most of them in developing economies. The differences in account ownership by individual characteristics are particularly large in developing economies.

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  • No evidence of a difference in content of nutrients and other substances between organically and conventionally produced crops and livestock products was detected for the majority of nutrients assessed in this review suggesting that organically and conventionally produced crops and livestock products are broadly comparable in their nutrient content.

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  • TIGTA’s audit work is concentrated on high-risk areas and the IRS’s progress in achieving its strategic goals. To identify FY 2012 high-risk areas for audit coverage, TIGTA uses a risk- assessment strategy within its core business areas. The Assistant Inspectors General for Audit advise the Deputy Inspector General for Audit on the major risks facing the IRS in their respective program areas and annually propose a national audit plan based on perceived risks, stakeholder concerns, and follow-up reviews of previously audited areas with significant control weaknesses.

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  • In its most general form, a distributed event notification service is composed of interconnected servers, each one serving some subset of the clients of the service, as shown in Figure 1. (Some use the terms proxy and broker instead of the term server.) The clients are of two kinds: objects of interest, which are the generators of events, and interested parties, which are the consumers of event notifications. Of course, a client can act as both an object of interest and an interested party.

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  • Apple Remote Desktop (ARD) is a Macintosh application produced by Apple Inc., first released on March 14, 2002, that replaced a similar product called Apple Network Assistant. Aimed at computer administrators responsible for large numbers of computers and teachers who need to assist individuals or perform group demonstrations, Apple Remote Desktop allows users to remotely control or monitor other computers over a network.

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  • Most important acknowledgements go to all the contributing authors for their assistance, eagerness, support, and their expert scientific reviews. I thank my colleagues, Lipa Cicin-Sain, Maja Matulic and Mladen Paradzik for the motivating and inspiring discussions. Thanks to my husband Darko for taking care of our children during the long days and weekends while I worked on this project, and for his understanding and encouragement.

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  • Management is responsible for the identification, assessment, management and monitoring of risk, for developing, operating and monitoring the system of internal control and for providing assurance to the board that it has done so. Except where the board or a risk committee is expressly responsible for reviewing the effectiveness of the internal control and risk management systems, the audit committee should receive reports from management on the effectiveness of the systems they have established and the results of any testing carried out by internal and external auditors.

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  • Common to these episodes is a struggle to manage tensions associated with the (long- term) movement of accountants into markets that have not been conventionally associated with their professional expertise and status.

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  • ROs should have published procedures which are readily accessible, both within the organisation and externally, for the normal supervision and management of research conduct, integrity and ethical issues, and for the repor ting by individuals of any concerns about poor practice in these areas.

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