Moral

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  • "It's the animal in us," we often hear when we've been bad. But why not when we're good? Primates and Philosophers tackles this question by exploring the biological foundations of one of humanity's most valued traits: morality. In this provocative book, primatologist Frans de Waal argues that modern-day evolutionary biology takes far too dim a view of the natural world, emphasizing our "selfish" genes. Science has thus exacerbated our reciprocal habits of blaming nature when we act badly and labeling the good things we do as "humane.

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  • The discourses and institutions of human rights are contemporary devices for bringing morality to bear on the harsh realities of political, economic and social life. These attempts to render the conditions of human existence more tolerable and more dignified tend to focus mainly on the role of domestic and international law and the conduct of states and the international institutions that represent them.

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  • This book began as a Ph.D. thesis, supervised in its early stages by Michael Stocker, and then by Kimon Lycos. I am extraordinarily fortunate to have had the opportunity to work with these two philosophers, and I owe a great deal to both of them. I thank Michael Stocker for the wonderful work he has done in ethics, for it is this more than anything else which ignited my interest in moral psychology. I also thank him for urging me to begin The Moral Self, and for the many stimulating, productive discussions we had in Melbourne prior to his departure for the United States.

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  • The aim of this book is to examine the public and private roles of the citizen as a moral agent. We define the moral agent as a person who, rather than merely behaving in a manner consistent with morality, recognizes morality as a motive for action. The moral agent not only follows moral principles but also acknowledges morality as his or her principal. In developing the notion of the moral agent, we accord a special significance to public administration.

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  • The main concern of this book is scepticism about moral responsibility. By “moral responsibility” I understand that property of human agents by virtue of which they truly and objectively deserve moral praise or blame for some of their actions. We are naturally non-sceptical about this property. Even philosophical sceptics tend to praise or blame people spontaneously for some of their actions, though they may try to recoil from these spontaneous reactions after reminding themselves of their own reflectively acquired scepticism....

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  • Tham khảo sách 'the moral limits volume four', giáo dục - đào tạo, cao đẳng - đại học phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • So far, we assumed there’s no uncertainty in the world. But, in reality, these payoffs are uncertain, most business outcomes are uncertain as well. In this chapter, we will learn: Risk analysis, Moral Hazard/Principal-Agent Problem. Inviting you to refer.

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  • This popular book helps readers understand the difference between blindly accepting information and critical analysis and synthesis. It teaches how to react rationally to alternate points of view and develop a foundation for making personal choices about what to accept and what to reject in what we see and hear. Focusing on the question-asking skills and techniques necessary for evaluating different types of evidence, this book addresses critical thinking as a generic skill with many applications while emphasizing values and moral reasoning as an integral part of critical thinking.

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  • A philosophical study of morality is very different from a sociological or anthropological study, or a study from the perspective of biology or psychology. One important difference is that in moral philosophy we do not distance ourselves from our own moral views in the way we would if we were engaged in a study of one of these other kinds. We do not take the fact that people, including ourselves, have moral views as merely a datum to be explained.

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  • About Aristotle: Aristotle (384 BC – 322 BC) was a Greek philosopher, a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great. His writings cover many subjects, including physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric, politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology. Together with Plato and Socrates (Plato's teacher), Aristotle is one of the most important founding figures in Western philosophy. Aristotle's writings constitute a first at creating a comprehensive system of Western philosophy, encompassing morality and aesthetics, logic and science, politics and metaphysics.

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  • What Are Some Views of Human Development? How Did Piaget View Cognitive Development? How Is Piaget’s Work Viewed Today? How Did Vygotsky View Cognitive Development? How Did Erikson View Personal and Social Development? What Are Some Theories of Moral Development?

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  • The aim of this book, which is set out more fully in the Synopsis, is to develop the outlines of a coherent, systematic vision of an inter- national legal order that takes the protection of human rights seri- ously, while anchoring that vision in moral reasoning that is informed both by a due appreciation of the limitations of existing institutions and a willingness to consider possibilities for institu- tional reform.

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  • EMILE DURKHEIM (1858–1917) remains a major figure in social science as a whole and he is unambiguously a ‘founding father’ of sociology. Whereas other social theorists from the classical period of sociology (1890–1920) were often somewhat ambiguous about their status as ‘sociologists’, Durkheim appears to have had a clear vision of the importance of building sociology as a science of social facts.

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  • "The best mode of exciting the love of observation is by teaching 'How to Observe.' With this end it was originally intended to produce, in one or two volumes, a series of hints for travellers and students, calling their attention to the points necessary for inquiry or observation in the different branches of Geology, Natural History, Agriculture, the Fine Arts, General Statistics, and Social Manners.

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  • The structure of this volume basically follows a tripartite organization: Morality and Politics, Money and Poverty, and Medical Need and Response. I will briefly review the chapters in each part in order to provide the reader with a sense of wha he/she might expect. First, however, I would like to describe the rationale behind each part of the book and how they are intended to relate to each other.

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Factors affecting staff morale on inpatient mental health wards in England: a qualitative investigation

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  • The most beautiful thing about youth is its power and eagerness to make ideals, and he is unfortunate who goes out into the world without some picture of services to be rendered, or of a goal to be attained. There are very few of us who, at some time or another, have not cherished these ideals, perhaps secretly and half ashamed as though to us alone had come an inspiration of a career that should touch the pulses of the world and leave it better than we found it. And in the making of youthful ideals we have changed...

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  • This series will contain essays by representative scholars and men of affairs dealing with the various phases of the moral law in its bearing on business life under the new .economic order, first delivered at the University of California on the Weinstock foundation.

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  • Must religion and morals go together? Can one be taught without the other? It is a practical question for educationists, and France tried to answer it in the dreariest little cut and dry kind of catechism ever given to boys to make them long to be wicked. But apart from education, the question of the bedrock on which morals rest, the foundation on which a moral edifice can be built that will stand secure against the storms of life--that is a question of perennial interest, and it must be answered by each of us, if we would have a test of Right and Wrong,...

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  • To be sure, certain eminent moralists have inclined to maintain that men are in substantial agreement in regard to their moral judgments. Joseph Butler, writing in the first half of the eighteenth century, came to the conclusion that, however men may dispute about particulars, there is an universally acknowledged standard of virtue, professed in public in all ages and all countries, made a show of by all men, enforced by the primary and fundamental laws of all civil constitutions: namely, justice, veracity, and regard to common good. [Footnote: _Dissertation on the Nature of Virtue.

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