Mortality and morbidity

Xem 1-20 trên 190 kết quả Mortality and morbidity
  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học quốc tế đề tài : Thirty years after Alma-Ata: a systematic review of the impact of community health workers delivering curative interventions against malaria, pneumonia and diarrhoea on child mortality and morbidity in sub-Saharan Africa

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Mortality and morbidity in children caused by falling televisions: a retrospective analysis of 71 cases

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Corticosteroids influence the mortality and morbidity of acute critical illness...

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Wertheim cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: The effect of tight glycaemic control, during and after cardiac surgery, on patient mortality and morbidity: A systematic review and meta-analysis...

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Results from the national sepsis practice survey: predictions about mortality and morbidity and recommendations for limitation of care orders...

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  • Efficacy of SNS in Different Disease States Efficacy studies have shown that malnourished patients undergoing major thoracoabdominal surgery benefit from SNS. Critical illness requiring ICU care including major burns, major trauma, severe sepsis, closed head injury, and severe pancreatitis [positive CT scan and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) 10] all benefit by early SNS, as indicated by reduced mortality and morbidity. In critical illness, initiation of SNS within 24 h of injury or ICU admission is associated with a ~50% reduction in mortality.

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  • This report presents an overview of the state of women’s health in the European Union and addresses both the differences between men and women and the differences among women living in different Member States. It examines the main patterns of mortality and morbidity and the health risk factors at different stages of women’s lives and reports on the current situation and recent trends in European women’s health. It also provides information about the influence of demographic trends and socio- economic factors on women’s health.

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  • Traumatic brain injury has been major cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide, especially in children and young adults and it has been continuing a difficult problem in intensive care units. Brain trauma can be caused by a direct impact or by acceleration alone.

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  • Measurement of the worldwide prevalence of abortion-related mortality and morbidity is difficult. At a population level, national vital registration systems routinely under-count such deaths. 15 Calculation of the proportion of maternal deaths due to abortion complications is even more challenging. Abortion-related mortality often happens after a clandestine or illegal procedure, and powerful disincentives discourage reporting.

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  • Stroke is a vascular disease for which mortality and morbidity are relatively well-documented because most stroke victims are admitted to hospitals. Trends in stroke mortality, incidence, and prevalence are somewhat similar to those for other cardiovascular conditions. Stroke mortality has been decreasing since the 1960s, but without a consistent decrease in stroke incidence. Stroke incidence has even been reported to have been higher in the 1980s than during the 1970s, and there was no sustained decline in incidence during the 1990s....

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  • In the past two decades a number of investigators have attempted to combine measures of mortality and morbidity in order to address issues of whether Americans are living longer, healthy lives, as well as just longer lives. In general, a life-table approach is used to divide increases in years lived into healthy and unhealthy years. These measures have the same useful characteristics as life-table measures based only on mortality. They can be compared across time and place, and they summarize a large amount of age-specific data.

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  • The burden of disease quantifies mortality and morbidity due to a given disease or risk factor. The most commonly used measure is the Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY), which combines the years of life lost due to disability with the years of life lost due to death. This measure allows to compare diseases or risk factors in terms of their public health importance. The World Health Organization has been investigating the contribution of a range of risk factors, such as malnutrition, smoking and lack of access to water and sanitation, to the burden of disease.

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  • Myelodysplasia: Treatment The therapy of MDS has been unsatisfactory. Only stem cell transplantation offers cure: survival rates of 50% at 3 years have been reported, but older patients are particularly prone to develop treatment-related mortality and morbidity. Results of transplant using matched unrelated donors are comparable, although most series contain younger and more highly selected cases.

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  • Physical damage functions relating health (mortality and morbidity) to air pollution levels have been estimated over a number of years in different countries. Although the net effect of pollutants on health is unclear, the Committee of the Medical Effects of Air Pollution (COMEAP), set up by the UK government has found the strongest link between health and pollution to be for particulates (PM10), sulphur dioxide (SO2) and ozone (O3) (Department of Health, 1998).

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  • We use three models to estimate health damages from PM10. First, we use an air dispersion model to estimate each source’s contribution to annual average ambient levels of PM10 at several thousand receptor locations in Paso del Norte. Next, we use a health effects model to estimate the number of cases of human mortality and morbidity that result from this pollution each year. Finally, we use a valuation model to calculate the dollar values of these health impacts. This section briefly discusses each of these models. A more detailed discussion is available in Blackman et...

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Wertheim cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Early and late morbidity and mortality and life expectancy following thoracoscopic talc insufflation for control of malignant pleural effusions: a review of 400 cases...

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  • The findings suggested that a 20% loss in the wooded area due to urbanization in Los Angeles would lead to a 14% increase in ozone concentrations. Nowak et al. (2000) provided a more detailed consideration of the net effect on ozone levels for urban areas in the North Eastern United States, but the findings were less clear. The model produced found an increase in tree cover to both increase and decrease ozone levels throughout the day. Between the hours of 5am and 19:00 a net decrease in ozone levels of 1.9% was recorded due to urban trees, but during the evening there...

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  • For example, if it were possible to implement a number of equity-oriented anti- tobacco policies which would reduce the prevalence of smoking in the lower socioeconomic groups by 33%, while the prevalence of smoking in the higher socioeconomic groups would decline by 25%, our analyses suggest that a substantial impact would be generated. Not only would health inequalities be reduced considerably, but also some 7% of the economic costs of health inequalities through mortality and morbidity would be taken away (including the costs of health care and social security benefits).

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  • Introduction Many Americans are affected by asthma, a serious chronic lung condition characterized by episodes or attacks of inflammation and narrowing of the small airways in response to asthma triggers. Over the past two decades, the burden of asthma in the United States has increased. However, within the last few years, mortality and hospitalizations due to asthma have

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  • This focus on quality stems not from an assumption that improved quality will necessarily increase uptake of services, but rather from the realization that poor quality services currently contribute to mortality and morbidity. USAID supports oxygen therapy to treat ARIs, the second leading cause of death for children under five years. In addition, USAID supports the MOH to achieve its goal of dramatically increasing the number of hospitals that are internationally accredited.

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