Motivational interventions

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  • Organizational diagnosis assessment and intervention proposes a case study regarding the diagnostic analysis in a plant department the hard rolling mill. The intervention is motivated by the modifications at the staff’s level due to an imminent restructuring process, also related to the technological refurbishment and to the creation of new branche.

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  • This book, which is intended for psychologists, school counselors, and schoolbased health practitioners, discusses the theoretical structure of group interventions in schools, and gives examples of how to use these interventions. Although there are many forms of group interventions in school-based settings, this book concentrates on group-centered interventions, which are prevention-oriented group programs that enable students with academic-based problems to learn to function more successfully.

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  • Following a comprehensive understanding of the luxury construct, all relevant current and potential value sources of the consumers‘ luxury perception should be integrated into one single model. A customer‘s luxury value perception and the motives for luxury brand consumption are not simply tied to a set of social aspects of displaying status, success, distinction and the human desire to impress other people, but also depend on the nature of the financial, functional and individual utilities of the certain luxury brand.

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  • Actively involving marginalised groups in decision making processes at all levels, and providing them with the opportunity to hold service providers and policy makers accountable for discriminatory practices, corruption or poor quality services, helps to redress inequalities in access to SRH services and ensure that they are acceptable and appropriate. In practice, representation in the planning processes for SRH services has been limited.

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  • From a general perspective, the verbal judgements referred to above have been obtained with one of two principal objectives in mind, objectives that have origi- nated and developed in traditionally differentiated pro- fessional fields: (1) that of environmental management, motivated by the need to solve a particular landscape problem, such as the identification of the landscape resources of a given location or to obtain some objecti- ve predictors of the evaluative judgements of users of a specific environment; and (2) that of a much more aca- demic character, geared to the develo...

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  • This Business Plan shows how astronomers at the Armagh Observatory will deliver on the Observa- tory's key business areas in support of the Northern Ireland Executive's Programme for Government, the cross-cutting STEM Strategy and key actions and objectives of its sponsor government department, the Northern Ireland Department of Culture, Arts and Leisure (DCAL). First, we provide an introduction to the organization and the principal research themes in astronomy and related sciences addressed by sta in the Observatory and their international partners.

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  • Specialist treatments for alcohol problems are effective. A health technology assessment from NHS Quality Improvement Scotland concluded that specialist services are effective for relapse prevention if offering behavioural self control training, motivational enhancement therapy, family therapy/community reinforcement approach and/or coping/communication skills training (see Annex 8).

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  • Benefit-cost ratios of intervention to control or prevent air pollution from household SFU will depend on what benefits and costs are included in the analysis and how non-market benefits and costs are valued. Health effects of air pollution are often a major concern and motivation for intervention. Which health effects to include and how they are valued are therefore an important consideration in an economic analysis. Large scale household stove programs have also been motivated by natural resource considerations, for instance in China in the 1980s.

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  • Rapid technical advances in medical imaging, including its growing application to drug/gene therapy and invasive/interventional procedures, have attracted significant interest in close integration of research in life sciences, medicine, physical sciences and engineering. This is motivated by the clinical and basic science research requirement of obtaining more detailed physiological and pathological information about the body for establishing localized genesis and progression of diseases.

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  • Professional intervention within six months after the eruption of the fi rst primary tooth or no later than 12 months of age directed at factors affecting the oral cavity, counseling on oral disease risks, and delivery of anticipatory guidance • Early intervention aimed at preventing or mitigating common pediatric oral diseases and conditions while initiating a relationship between infant, child, family and the pediatric dental caregiver • Primary prevention of dental disease based on timely family education, instruction and motivation for behavioral changes, appropriate fl uorid...

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  • This national survey of youth, ages 10 to 17, and their caretakers has several implications for the current debate about young people and Internet pornography. Twentyfive percent of youth had unwanted exposure to sexual pictures on the Internet in the past year, challenging the prevalent assumption that the problem is primarily about young people motivated to actively seek out pornography.

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  • Another study delivered an onsite intervention to adolescents presenting with alcohol problems and showed a positive effect of a single intervention in this patient group.76 This study has limitations in its design and only applies to a limited subset of A&E attenders. A third study compared standard care, motivational interviewing or motivational interviewing plus a booster session 7-10 days later.59 This study recruited injured patients who screened positive for harmful or hazardous drinking.

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  • Ouedraogo et al. 2006). Most patients presented with symptoms suspicious for TB; thus, lack of diagnostic sensitivity of health workers is of concern (Wandwalo & Morkve 2000). Afghanistan has the highest TB burden in south Asia (World Health Organization 2007). While health services are expanding and quality improving, gaps in access and deficient quality of some interventions persist. The Ministry of Public Health adopted a Basic Package of Health Services (BPHS) in 2003, which provides standard primary care services for districts covering 77% of the population.

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  • As CDT measurement is not available within Scotland, it is recommended only when there is clinical difficulty in interpreting a normal or an abnormal GGT or other liver test result. King’s College Hospital, London accept serum samples by post for CDT assay. Biological tests are of less value than self reports for screening with the intention of intervention. They have their greatest role where patients have a reason for minimising (or, less commonly, exaggerating) their consumption, and in monitoring patients’ progress in reducing their drinking.

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  • The optimum type of intervention is still to be defined. Sometimes “advice” is given, while at other times the style of interaction epitomised in “motivational interviewing” has been used. Additionally, the comparative value of opportunistic intervention, versus intervention after population screening is not clear. Data on follow up beyond one year are very limited.61 One study found that the effect had disappeared at 10 years.62 Another found a continuing small effect at four years.

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  • Motivational interviewing (a non-judgemental interviewing style which avoids confrontation, helps the individual weigh up the pros and cons of change, and enhances self efficacy) is a style which is helpful in brief interventions (see Annex 5).80 A systematic review showed that motivational interviewing has a significant effect on reducing alcohol consumption in the primary care setting.81 There is no evidence to support a confrontational style of interviewing.

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