Xem 1-20 trên 82 kết quả Mucosal disease
  • Diseases of the Oral Mucosa Infection Most oral mucosal diseases involve microorganisms (Table 32-1). Table 32-1 Vesicular, Bullous, or Ulcerative Lesions of the Oral Mucosa Condition Usual Location Clinical Features Course Viral Diseases Primary acute Lip and oral Labial Heals that spontaneously in 10– days.

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  • Inflammatory bowel disease research is changing. Progress in defining and treating these diseases is advancing in lock step with the furious pace of technological advances that continue to refine the tools of discovery. With sequencing of the entire genome completed, genetics research is providing direction for molecular and immunological in vivo and in vitro investigation, which in turn directs the development of targeted therapeutics.

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  • Autoimmune disease represents a group of more than 60 different chronic autoimmune diseases that affect approximately 6% of the population. It is the third major category of illness in the United States and many industrialized countries, following heart disease and cancer. Autoimmune diseases arise when one’s immune system actively targets and destroys self tissue resulting in clinical disease. Common examples include Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Type 1 Diabetes, Rheumatoid Arthritis and Multiple Sclerosis.

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  • Celiac Disease (CD) or Gluten Sensitive Enteropathy (GSE) is a life‐long disorder. It is characterized by inflammation in the small intestine of genetically predisposed individuals caused by inappropriate immune response to gluten, a protein enriched in some of our common grains (wheat, rye and barley). The toxicity of gluten is manifested by the autoimmune action of T‐lymphocytes on mucosal cells in the small intestine, disrupting its vital function of absorbing nutrients from food.

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  • Ulcers Ulceration is the most common oral mucosal lesion. Although there are many causes, the host and pattern of lesions, including the presence of systemic features, narrow the differential diagnosis (Table 32-1). Most acute ulcers are painful and self-limited. Recurrent aphthous ulcers and herpes simplex infection constitute the majority. Persistent and deep aphthous ulcers can be idiopathic or seen with HIV/AIDS. Aphthous lesions are often the presenting symptom in Behçet's syndrome (Chap. 320).

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  • Pemphigus Vulgaris Pemphigus refers to a group of autoantibody-mediated intraepidermal blistering diseases characterized by loss of cohesion between epidermal cells (a process termed acantholysis). Manual pressure to the skin of these patients may elicit the separation of the epidermis (Nikolsky's sign). This finding, while characteristic of pemphigus, is not specific to this group of disorders and is also seen in toxic epidermal necrolysis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, and a few other skin diseases.

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  • Bullous Pemphigoid Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is a polymorphic autoimmune subepidermal blistering disease usually seen in the elderly. Initial lesions may consist of urticarial plaques; most patients eventually display tense blisters on either normalappearing or erythematous skin (Fig. 55-2). The lesions are usually distributed over the lower abdomen, groin, and flexor surface of the extremities; oral mucosal lesions are found in some patients. Pruritus may be nonexistent or severe.

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  • Linear IgA Disease Linear IgA disease, once considered a variant form of dermatitis herpetiformis, is actually a separate and distinct entity. Clinically, these patients may resemble individuals with DH, BP, or other subepidermal blistering diseases. Lesions typically consist of papulovesicles, bullae, and/or urticarial plaques predominantly on central or flexural sites. Oral mucosal involvement occurs in some patients. Severe pruritus resembles that seen in patients with DH.

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  • There is great difficulty, in the case of a subject so large and complex as is disease, in giving a definition which will be accurate and comprehensive. Disease may be defined as "A change produced in living things in consequence of which they are no longer in harmony with their environment." It is evident that this conception of disease is inseparable from the idea of life, since only a living thing can become diseased.

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  • The subject of preventive medicine is one that is attracting world-wide attention to-day. We can hardly pick up a newspaper or magazine without seeing the subject discussed in some of its phases, and during the last few years several books have appeared devoted wholly or in part to the ways of preventing rather than curing many of our ills. Looking over the titles of these articles and books the reader will at once be impressed with the importance that is being given to the subject of the relation of insects to some of our common diseases.

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  • EU enlargement, the CAP reform, changing consumer demands and globalization have also impacted negatively on the agricultural sector (Rudmann, 2008), with the scale of support provided to farmers drastically reduced (Alsos, Carter, Ljunggren & Welter, 2011). A gradual decline in income from traditional farming activities has forced many farming businesses to diversify in order to remain viable. Diversification requires farmers to combine other, typically non-agricultural activities with their core farm business.

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  • The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC, World Health Organization) [ 1 ] estimated an incidence of 6,617,855 cancers around the world in 2008 with 4,219,626 deaths associated with this disease (IARC 2011).

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  • Tham khảo sách 'master dentistry: volume 1: oral and maxillofacial surgery, radiology, pathology and oral medicine_1', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • Clinical paediatric dentistry is a demanding subject. This book by Professor Monty Duggal and colleagues concentrates on a very important issue in the clinical treatment of children—the rational restoration of carious primary teeth. Despite effective preventive programmes, which have resulted in a tremendous improvement in the oral health of children and adolescents, in any population there will always be a group of children with a high caries activity resulting in extensive carious lesions.

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  • This book brings together core text from the traditional subject areas of oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology and radiology to help readers to organise their knowledge in a useful way to solve clinical problems. We believe that this core text of knowledge is essential reading for university final examination success and will also be of help to graduates undertaking vocational training, their trainers and those preparing for postgraduate professional examinations such as MFDS.

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  • Edwardsiella, and Acinetobacter are components of the normal animal and human colonic flora and/or of the flora of a variety of environmental habitats, including long-term-care facilities (LTCFs) and hospitals. As a result, except for certain pathotypes of intestinal pathogenic E. coli, these genera are global pathogens. In healthy humans, E. coli is the predominant species of gram-negative bacilli (GNB) in the colonic flora. GNB (primarily E. coli, Klebsiella, and Proteus) only transiently colonize the oropharynx and skin of healthy individuals.

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  • Celiac Disease (CD) or Gluten Sensitive Enteropathy (GSE) is a life‐long disorder. It is characterized by inflammation in the small intestine of genetically predisposed individuals caused by inappropriate immune response to gluten, a protein enriched in some of our common grains (wheat, rye and barley). The toxicity of gluten is manifested by the autoimmune action of T‐lymphocytes on mucosal cells in the small intestine, disrupting its vital function of absorbing nutrients from food.

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  • You should require that all children admitted to your care be up to date on their vaccinations. The state of Delaware requires you to have written proof of each child's up-to-date vaccinations. Children attending childcare especially need all of the recommended vaccinations to protect themselves, the other children, and the childcare provider, and their families. Several diseases that can cause serious problems for children and adults can be prevented by vaccination. These diseases are chicken pox, diphtheria, Haemophilus influenzae...

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  • MASTER DESTISTRY is designed as a revision guide for dental students and offers the "curriculum essentials" in an easy-to-digest format. Each section is fully illustrated throughout and is supported by extensive self-assessment questions which allow the reader to assess their own knowledge of the topic and perfect their exam techniques. Now in colour, this second edition addresses oral and maxillofacial surgery, radiology, pathology and oral medicine and is perfect for both undergraduate students and post-graduates preparing for the MFDS or international equivalents....

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  • The clinical interface of orthodontics and paediatric dentistry is broad. Increasingly, for the undergraduate, teaching and examinations in these specialties are combined to promote a holistic approach to dental care for the child and adolescent patient. This concise colour guide aims, therefore, to cover major clinical aspects of orthodontic and paediatric dental practice in a format suitable for quick reference and revision purposes.

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