Modeling multi-level complex systems is the object of this book.
Complex systems are assemblies of several subsystems and are characterized
by emergent behavior resulting by nonlinear interactions among subsystems for
multiple levels of organization.
The complexity of numerous systems is rooted in the existence of many levels
of self-organization corresponding to different time and space scales.
There is a need to provide general frameworks able to combine several scales
and reality levels of the complex systems in one coherent and transdisciplinary
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Research Article Adaptive Processing of Range Scanned Head: Synthesis of Personalized Animated Human Face Representation with Multiple-Level Radial Basis Function
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: The Arabidopsis translocator protein (AtTSPO) is regulated at multiple levels in response to salt stress and perturbations in tetrapyrrole metabolism
This paper discusses a sequence of deductive parsers, called PAD1 - PAD5, that utilize an a x i o m a t i z a t i o n of the p r i n c i p l e s a n d parameters of GB theory, including a restricted transformational component (Move-a). PAD2 uses an inference control strategy based on the "freeze" predicate of Prolog-II, while PAD3 - 5 utilize the Unfold-Fold transformation to transform the original axiomatization into a form that functions as a recursive descent Prolog parser for the fragment. INTRODUCTION In this paper I...
English testing level A - Exam 1
Who are all ________ people? (A) this (B) those (C) them (D) that 2. I don't know ________ people. (A) many (B) much (C) a lot (D) few 3. We live near ________ the river. (A) of (B) from (C) by (D) 4. He says that
English testing level B - Exam 1
You can join the club when you ________ a bit older. (A) will have got (B) will get (C) get (D) are getting 2. If you ________ your money to mine, we shall have enough. (A) add (B) combine (C) join (D) unite 3.
Modern embedded systems come with contradictory design constraints. On one hand, these systems often target mass production and battery-based devices, and therefore should be cheap and power efficient. On the other hand, they still need to show high (sometimes real-time) performance, and often support multiple applications and standards which requires high programmability.
The impact assessment concludes that a 'strict liability' standard obliging depositaries to return
instruments lost in custody irrespective of fault or negligence is both conducive to ensuring a
high level of investor protection and to achieving a uniform standard across the EU.
This multiple-case study focuses on the practices and functions of customer reference marketing, and on the
ways through which customer references can be deployed as marketing assets. The research is based on
multiple-case-study methodology and the empirical findings were derived from an in-depth analysis of 38
semi-structured personal interviews with managers in four case companies operating in the fields of process
and information technology.
Clearly, a straightforward implication of wages being determined by sectoral
conditions would be that industry-level contracts oﬀer little scope for adjustments of
individual wages to ﬁrm-speciﬁc demand shocks, even if the latter are of permanent
nature. However, as demonstrated in Section 2.2, industry-level contracts do not
necessarily provide an obstacle to the adjustment of wages to local conditions, as
recent decentralisation tendencies in Germany have introduced the option of making
such wage adjustments.
Ensure that system and network administrators are trained and capable. Security testing must be
performed by capable and trained staff. Often, individuals recruited for this task are already involved in
system administration. While system administration is an increasingly complex task, the numbers of
trained system administrators generally has not kept pace with the increase in computing systems.
This should consider that premiums reflect both the first
party costs (generally damage to the driver’s own vehicle)
and third party costs (generally damage to property outside
of the driver’s vehicle and injury costs for people outside of
the vehicle although it will, of course, include injury costs for
passengers in the driver’s vehicle where the driver is at fault).
These new technologies, therefore, need to be able to reduce the casualty rate and the level of severity
Cross-lingual tasks are especially difficult due to the compounding effect of errors in language processing and errors in machine translation (MT). In this paper, we present an error analysis of a new cross-lingual task: the 5W task, a sentence-level understanding task which seeks to return the English 5W's (Who, What, When, Where and Why) corresponding to a Chinese sentence. We analyze systems that we developed, identifying specific problems in language processing and MT that cause errors.
In multiple-tier markets, stock exchange operators have also supported the
transition of companies from less regulated compartments for small cap
companies to their main markets, in a number of instances providing assistance
to companies adopting the required higher governance standards. For instance,
the TSX facilitates the transition of companies from its Venture Exchange
main market, which features higher governance requirements.
The coincidence of multiple inequities in health—and as an interlinked concept, the
multifaceted nature of poverty—make for a very complex field. Those living at the margins of
society suffer numerous and overlapping inequities in health, in voice, in agency, in living
conditions. Often, their poverty and ill health keep them in a life of perpetual quicksand. Just as
an intervention might spare a child from malaria only to have her die a year later of measles, a
policy change in the health sector might be successful in eliminating one source of inequity (e.g.
access to care)...
It is therefore possible that the same amount of alcohol may produce a higher Blood
Alcohol Concentration (BAC) in the elderly than younger people. Elderly car drivers are
three times more likely to be involved in a motoring accident after consuming even a small
amount of alcohol, than they are at a zero level of alcohol.
Alcohol depresses the brain function to a greater extent in older people, impairing coordination
and memory, which can lead to falls and general confusion. It can also heighten
emotions leading to moodiness, irritability or even violence.
During 1993–2003, incidence of tuberculosis (TB) in the United States decreased 44% and is now occurring at a historic low
level (14,874 cases in 2003). The Advisory Council for the Elimination of Tuberculosis has called for a renewed commitment to
eliminating TB in the United States, and the Institute of Medicine has published a detailed plan for achieving that goal.
The disclosure table is the heart of the prototype. It addresses two of the questions: “How do
we ensure that consumers can understand the information about financial sharing policies
and their personal information?” and “How do we ensure that consumers can compare sharing
practices across financial institutions?” At the simplest level, the disclosure table shows what
the individual financial institution is sharing, especially through the yes/no columns.
Health effects model. To estimate exposure to the PM10 produced by our sample plants, we use
population data at the survey unit level—that is, at the level of areas geoestadísticas básicas
(AGEBs) in Ciudad Juárez and census tracts in El Paso. We assign the inhabitants of each
survey unit a distance-weighted average of PM10 concentrations predicted by the ISCST3 model
at all model receptor points within 800 meters of the survey unit centroid.
This paper presents a model for summarizing multiple untranscribed spoken documents. Without assuming the availability of transcripts, the model modiﬁes a recently proposed unsupervised algorithm to detect re-occurring acoustic patterns in speech and uses them to estimate similarities between utterances, which are in turn used to identify salient utterances and remove redundancies.