Multiple measures

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  • In this paper we present a confidence measure for word alignment based on the posterior probability of alignment links. We introduce sentence alignment confidence measure and alignment link confidence measure. Based on these measures, we improve the alignment quality by selecting high confidence sentence alignments and alignment links from multiple word alignments of the same sentence pair.

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  • Statistical machine translation is often faced with the problem of combining training data from many diverse sources into a single translation model which then has to translate sentences in a new domain. We propose a novel approach, ensemble decoding, which combines a number of translation systems dynamically at the decoding step. In this paper, we evaluate performance on a domain adaptation setting where we translate sentences from the medical domain.

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  • There have been many proposals to extract semantically related words using measures of distributional similarity, but these typically are not able to distinguish between synonyms and other types of semantically related words such as antonyms, (co)hyponyms and hypernyms. We present a method based on automatic word alignment of parallel corpora consisting of documents translated into multiple languages and compare our method with a monolingual syntax-based method.

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  • Multiple studies have attempted to estimate the cost to major weapon system programs of complying with acquisition-related statutes and regulations. Most have investigated the cost of compliance only at the contractor level, though program offices, the Services, and the Office of the Secretary of Defense would also incur such

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  • This study was performed to develop software sensorsto predict the BOD5 of river water and wastewater. The software sensors were based on the multiple-regression analysis using the dissolved organic carbon(DOC) concentration, UV light absorbance at 254nm and synchronous fluorescence spectra. River water samples and wastewater treatment plant (WWTP)effluents were collected at 1-hour interval to evaluatethe feasibility of the software sensors.

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  • INTRODUCTION In Section 6.3 we developed a recursive least-squares growing memory-filter for the case where the target trajectory is approximated by a polynomial. In this chapter we develop a recursive least-squares growing-memory filter that is not restricted to having the target trajectory approximated by a polynomial [5. pp. 461–482]. The only requirement is that Y nÀi , the measurement vector at time n À i, be linearly related to X nÀi in the error-free situation. The Y nÀi can be made up to multiple measurements obtained at the time n À i as in (4.

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  • I will be putting my entire second edition online, while the book goes through the printing process – it will be available at the end of the year. This may seem like a bit of a free lunch, and I guess it is. I hope, though, that you can do me a favor as you go through the manuscript. If you find any mistakes – mathematical or grammatical – could you please let me know? It would help me ensure that the typos do not find their way into the final version.

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  • We would like to dedicate this book to Dr. C. L. Hwang. Through the course of his academic career, Dr. Hwang researched and assessed an exhaustive list of Multiple Attribute, Multiple Objective, and Group Decision-Making techniques in both the crisp and fuzzy environments, which are published in six of his books. Dr. Hwang was an early pioneer in the field of Decision Science and his contributions to this field are still realized today in academia and at the heart of this book. He introduced this area of study to the authors who worked together with him for a number of...

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  • Though there may be some controversy about the relative importance of financial incentives in explaining trends in retirement in the U.S., the larger part of the European studies appear to more conclusive 1 . Most European studies point at strong incentive effects from Social Security and Early Retirement schemes. This may be due to the strong disincentive effects that characterise most of these European systems....

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  • It is the policy of the University to consider membership in organizations that would promote the advancement of education and research, enhance the professional standing of its administrative personnel, and facilitate favorable campus-community relations. It is often in the best interest of the university to consolidate payment of multiple individual membership fees into a single institutional membership. The Chancellor retains approval authority for memberships in organizations of universities and colleges and community organizations.

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  • As reported in the financial statements of each AMC, fund expenses can be divided into management fees and administrative fees. Expense ratio is the ratio between total fund expenses to fund’s assets. Administrative or operating expense excluded management fees of AMCs managing large number of funds are considered to be constant. Thus, when management fee is excluded, fund expense ratio is lower. Fund expenses excluded management fees indicate fund operation efficiency. Management fees measures security selection skills of fund manager.

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  • X-ray diffraction is a tool for the investigation of the fine structure of matter. This technique had its beginnings in von Laue's discovery in 1912 that crystals diffract x-rays, the manner of the diffraction revealing the structure of the crystal. At first, x-ray diffraction was used only for the determination of crystal structure.

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  • Why is the market share of accounting measures shrinking, and can cross-sectional differences in the extent of shrinkage be explained? Has the information content of accounting information itself deteriorated, or should we look to more fundamental changes in the economic environment? For example, Milliron (2000) documents a significant shift over the past twenty years in board characteristics measuring director accountability, independence, and effectiveness consistent with a general increase in directors’ incentive alignment with shareholders’ interests.

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  • As shown in Table 2, the area of agricultural land worldwide is larger than that of forests (FAOSTAT Resources 2009). Furthermore, non-wood fibres usually have high annual biomass yields per hectare which are equal or superior to that of woods (Pierce 1991). Approximately 30% of the forest area is used primarily for the production of wood. An additional 24% of the forest area is designated for multiple uses, which also includes the production of wood in most cases (FAO 2010).

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  • Using the property transaction data, we compute manager-specific characteristic timing and characteristic selectivity measures. We use property portfolio index returns at a CBSA level, a state level, a divisional level, a regional level and at the whole national level. The resulting characteristic timing and characteristic selectivity measures suggest that the vast majority of both public REIT and private portfolio managers possess little or even negative ability to successfully time their investments vis a vis the market regardless of the level of benchmark specialization.

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  • Ensure that system and network administrators are trained and capable. Security testing must be performed by capable and trained staff. Often, individuals recruited for this task are already involved in system administration. While system administration is an increasingly complex task, the numbers of trained system administrators generally has not kept pace with the increase in computing systems.

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  • This report sets out the current state of knowledge on the economics of creativity and design and their role in driving business performance and productivity. It was commissioned by the Chancellor in his 2005 Budget. The Department of Trade and Industry undertook to carry out a study into the 'value and productivity impact of creativity and design in businesses, helping firms to identify how creativity can improve their performance'. At the same time, Sir George Cox was asked to review how best to support and develop the creativity of small and medium sized enterprises in the UK....

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: A tool to measure the attributes of receiving IV therapy in a home versus hospital setting: the Multiple Sclerosis Relapse Management Scale (MSRMS)

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Interpreting scores on multiple sclerosis-specific patient reported outcome measures (the PRIMUS and U-FIS)

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  • There is no direct gold standard evidence or specific UK or European consensus guidelines for monitoring the growth of children with moderate to severe renal disease. This document therefore aims to define minimum standards for measuring and monitoring growth in children with CKD, based on local expert opinion, international committee reports, and indirectly supportive peer-reviewed clinical trials and reviews.

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