The divisibility properties of Dirichlet L-functions in inﬁnite families of characters have been studied by Iwasawa, Ferrero and Washington. The families considered by them are obtained by twisting an arbitrary Dirichlet character with all characters of p-power conductor for some prime p. One has to distinguish divisibility by p (the case considered by Iwasawa and FerreroWashington [FeW]) and by a prime = p (considered by Washington [W1], [W2]). Ferrero and Washington proved the vanishing of the Iwasawa µ-invariant of any branch of the Kubota-Leopoldt p-adic L-function. ...
By considering the provision of education of design professionals, it is possible to
assess the changing nature of the design professions, in terms of discipline and
growth. More recently, Sweden and Denmark have increased their investment in
product design, which particularly feeds into the development of the
telecommunications sector. In the UK, graphics, corporate identity and packaging
dominate the educational provision for design.
My initial inspiration for writing this book came at a meeting of the
John and Jean DeÂ€Nault Task Force on Property Rights, Freedom, and
Prosperity at the Hoover Institution. On multiple occasions thereafter,
IÂ€ presented portions of this book to my Task Force colleagues, from
whom I always received intense but constructive criticism. The book’s
intellectual mission precisely maps the concerns that have animated my
work for most of the forty-Â�three years that I have spent in academic
We propose a novel method for inducing monolingual semantic hierarchies and sense clusters from numerous foreign-language-to-English bilingual dictionaries. The method exploits patterns of non-transitivity in translations across multiple languages. No complex or hierarchical structure is assumed or used in the input dictionaries: each is initially parsed into the “lowest common denominator” form, which is to say, a list of pairs of the form (foreign word, English word).
A formalism is presented for lexical specification in unification-based grammars which exploits defeasible multiple inheritance to express regularity, subregularity, and exceptions in classifying the properties of words. Such systems are in the general case intractable; the present proposal represents an attempt to reduce complexity while retaining sufficient expressive power for the task at hand. Illustrative examples are given of morphological analyses from English and German.
Like paper-based signatures, digital signatures intend to respect a number of security assumptions. Methods of digital signature apposed by a single user have been defined and are widely used. But is it sufficient? What if a legal document requires witnesses and notarization, or a contract needs the signatures of several officers?This paper will first show the basics to understand digital signatures and how the a security properties of integrity, authentication, and non-repudiation are respected.
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.PHOTOSHOP TIPS AND TRICKS
Table of Contents
Introduction 1. Photoshop Tricks You Didn’t Know
1. Multiple Undo 2. Quickly Resize Current Brush 3. Set Foreground/Background To Default 4.
CLASSICAL GEOMETRY — LECTURE NOTES
1. A CRASH COURSE IN GROUP THEORY A group is an algebraic object which formalizes the mathematical notion which expresses the intuitive idea of symmetry. We start with an abstract deﬁnition. Deﬁnition 1.1. A group is a set G and an operation m : G × G → G called multiplication with the following properties: (1) m is associative. That is, for any a, b, c ∈ G, m(a, m(b, c)) = m(m(a, b), c) and the product can be written unambiguously as abc. (2) There is a unique element e ∈ G called the...
Alpine destinations attract leisure travellers for winter sports, such as skiing, as well as
holidaymakers who appreciate natural attractions in all seasons. They also attract activity
holidaymakers such as naturalists, mountain cyclists, walkers etc. Although the majority of alpine
sports are for recreational purposes a wide range of expeditions and challenges are organised for
mountains such as the Everest or the Alps. Lakes may also offer facilities for sea sports such as
surfing and skiing.
In recent years a number of factors have had a signiﬁcant impact on
the capacity of maternity services and midwives to deliver quality care.
Many more women and families are recognised as having complex
physical and social needs including women and families living in
poverty; migrant women who do not speak English as a ﬁrst language;
teenage mothers; women who are misusing drugs and alcohol; women
who are obese and those who have long-term conditions such as
diabetes. In addition the average age of ﬁrst birth is now 29.4 years
compared with 28.
An extrasolar planet or exoplanet is a planet orbiting a star (or remnant of a
star) beyond our Solar System. As of autumn 2007, about 250 exoplanets had been
discovered around 220 different stars, including nearly two dozen multiple planet
systems. No less than five exoplanets have been discovered orbiting the star 55
Cancri; one of the planets has nearly four times the mass of Jupiter, another is
comparable with Jupiter in mass, two are slightly less massive than Saturn, while
the innermost planet has a mass similar to that of Uranus....
We expect that several emerging application classes will force data streams to become a first-class part of the DBMS as well.
The imminent arrival of commercial microsensor devices at low cost will enable new classes of “monitoring” DBMS
applications. It will become practical to tag every object of importance with a sensor that will report its state in real time. For
example, instead of attaching a property tag to items such as laptop computers and projectors, one will attach a...
It aims at providing assistance in compiling the specifications for your digital projection equipment. It
exclusively focuses on technical questions and does not address the economic, financial and political
dimensions of digital cinema.
Although it does not claim to be complete, this guide intends to be as complete as possible to assist
you with planning your installation. The latter has to meet in France the AFNOR NF S27-100 standard
(“Salle de projection électronique de type cinéma numérique” [“Electronic projection room of the type
digital cinema”]), ...
Most retail investors buy corporate bonds through a public offer.
A company that makes a public offer will issue a prospectus and
investors apply directly to buy bonds. Many investors find out
about these offers through newspaper advertisements.
The prospectus for an offer of corporate bonds generally specifies
a minimum investment parcel (or bundle of bonds). People who
invest in corporate bonds when they are first issued pay the face
value of the bond (usually $100 each).
In this paper we study some properties of reducible surfaces, in particular of unions of planes. When the surface is the central ﬁbre of an embedded ﬂat degeneration of surfaces in a projective space, we deduce some properties of the smooth surface which is the general ﬁbre of the degeneration from some combinatorial properties of the central ﬁbre. In particular, we show that there are strong constraints on the invariants of a smooth surface which degenerates to conﬁgurations of planes with global normal crossings or other mild singularities. ...
As shown in Table 2, the area of agricultural land worldwide is larger than that
of forests (FAOSTAT Resources 2009). Furthermore, non-wood fibres usually
have high annual biomass yields per hectare which are equal or superior to that
of woods (Pierce 1991). Approximately 30% of the forest area is used primarily
for the production of wood. An additional 24% of the forest area is designated
for multiple uses, which also includes the production of wood in most cases
Using the property transaction data, we compute manager-specific characteristic timing and
characteristic selectivity measures. We use property portfolio index returns at a CBSA level, a state
level, a divisional level, a regional level and at the whole national level. The resulting characteristic
timing and characteristic selectivity measures suggest that the vast majority of both public REIT
and private portfolio managers possess little or even negative ability to successfully time their
investments vis a vis the market regardless of the level of benchmark specialization.
The fourth component of the architecture of
community refers to connections between places as
expressed through the flow of people, capital and
information. We see these connections clearly in the
notion of bridging social capital and high value civic
institutions, and they are a logical consequence of the
ways in which quality public assets create consumer
and investor demand.
Understanding regional connections has become
important to policy analysts concerned with
economically distressed communities.
There has been some concern that the use of the endocervical brush can result in the
appearance of a much greater number of endocervical cells in a smear and that their
arrangement in large sheets might mimic malignancy. To avoid this problem clinicians should
inform the laboratory when an endocervical brush is used for collecting the smear.
Nonfinancial and nonbank financial businesses raise funds in the money market primarily
by issuing commercial paper, which is a short-term unsecured promissory note. In recent years an
increasing number of firms have gained access to this market, and commercial paper has grown at a rapid
pace. Business enterprises—generally those involved in international trade—also raise funds in the money
market through bankers acceptances. A bankers acceptance is a time draft drawn on and accepted by a
bank (after which the draft becomes an unconditional liability of the bank).