Corporate Social Responsibility (or CSR as we will call it throughout this book) is a concept
which has become dominant in business reporting. Every corporation has a policy concerning
CSR and produces a report annually detailing its activity. And of course each of us claims to be
able to recognise corporate activity which is socially responsible and activity which is not
With all this in mind, this publication seeks to identify the relationship between freedom
of expression and Internet privacy, assessing where they support or compete with each
other in different circumstances. The publication maps out the issues in the current
regulatory landscape of Internet privacy from the viewpoint of freedom of expression. It
provides an overview of legal protection, self-regulatory guidelines, normative challenges,
and case studies relating to the topic.
We anticipate that this update will continue to raise awareness among clinicians and policymakers alike that low health literacy has a substantial impact on the use of health care services and health outcomes; it also hints at the role of health literacy in disparities in utilization or outcomes among groups defined by various sociodemographic characteristics. However, little remains known about the direct effect of lower health literacy on the costs of health care. Addressing the burden of low health literacy that we have identified warrants the attention of many stakeholders.
Of course, such a rapid start requires resources capable of performing the
required fieldwork. Generally, internal audit resources “ramp up” to address
the full audit programme. To achieve a rapid start, many companies initially
look to an outside provider. This can have several advantages, including advice
and counsel throughout the development process; access to resources
necessary to complete specific high-risk audits; access to tools and
technologies; and knowledge transfer to employees as the function transitions
to a full in-house or cosourced resource model.
All limited firms in Sweden are legally bound to submit an annual report to the Swedish
Patent and Registration Office (PRV). This study uses data collected from MM (Market
Manager)-Partner, now merged with PAR, a Swedish consulting firm that gathers economic
information from PRV. This information is primarily used by decision-makers and
stakeholders in Swedish commercial life. Our data comprise all Swedish limited companies
active at some point between 1997 and 2005, in total 288,757 firms, and include all variables
that can be found in the annual reports, e.g.
Chapter 2 - Managing public issues and stakeholder relationships. In this chapter, students will be able to: Evaluating public issues and their significance to the modern corporation, applying available tools or techniques to scan an organization’s multiple environments, describing the steps in the issue management process and determining how to make the process most effective,...
Chapter 5 - Organizational ethics and the law. The purpose of this chapter is: Classifying an organization’s culture and ethical climate; recognizing ethics challenges across the multiple functions of business; creating effective ethics polices, ethics training programs, ethics reporting mechanisms, and similar safeguards;...
Chapter 7 - Global corporate citizenship. The goals of this chapter are: Defining global corporate citizenship and observing it in practice, recognizing the many different approaches to managing corporate citizenship, understanding how the multiple dimensions of corporate citizenship progress through a series of stages,...
The MA, which focused on ecosystem change and
the impacts of such change on human well-being, included
a set of sub-global assessments at multiple
spatial scales, in addition to the global assessment.
This was one of the innovations of the MA compared to
other international assessments, which usually focus on
global or regional scales alone. The global and sub-global
assessments analyzed ecosystem services and human wellbeing
from different perspectives and with different stakeholders
In real-world optimization applications, stakeholders require multiple and complex
constraints, which are difficult to satisfy and make complicated to find satisfactory
solutions. In the most cases, we face over-constrained optimization problems (no
satisfactory solution can be found) because of the stakeholders’ multiple requirements and
the various and complex constraints to be satisfied. Solving over-constrained problems is
based on the relaxation of some constraints according to values of preferences in order to
favour the satisfaction of the most relevant....
However, the situational analysis shows that in some regions rates of chronic and acute malnutrition
remain high even outside of times of crisis, with multi factorial underlying causes. These underlying
causes include: sub optimal infant, young child and maternal feeding and care practices, poor
dietary diversity, inadequate water and sanitation and high morbidity coupled with poor access to
and utilisation of health services.
Uganda has relevant health policies and regulations in place, many developed through a participatory
multi-stakeholder process, including the recent HSSIP. Innovative policies that are currently under
development include the Public-Private Partnership in Health Policy. The health sector has many actors
including nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), civil society organizations, HDPs, and multiple
government agencies beyond the MoH. A recently signed country “Compact” is a new mechanism for
coordination in the health sector.