This book provides information on the incidence of fungi and mycotoxins in some African countries, the health implications and possible intervention control strategies for mycotoxins in developing countries and in Africa in particular. It will therefore be of interest to students, educators, researchers and policy makers in the fields of medicine, agriculture, food science and technology, trade and economics. Food regulatory officers also have quite a lot to learn from the book.
What is the impact of damage on classic works of art from the past? It is true that
we strive to preserve and repair them, but perhaps the accidents of history have
the effect of renewing rather than destroying art works. Vandalized works seem
strangely modern. In 1977 a vandal attacked a Rembrandt self-portrait with
sulfuric acid, transforming the masterpiece forever and regrettably.
Nevertheless, the problem is not that the resulting image no longer belongs in
the history of art. ...
The Government is creating the opportunity for local TV licences to be awarded
through a competitive selection process run by Ofcom to broadcast targeted and
relevant local content including news, current affairs and entertainment programmes.
An indicative list of potential locations for local TV will be published in due course,
following the conclusion of detailed technical planning work by Ofcom. The
Government is enabling a new local TV market to emerge on a scale never achieved
“One size fits all” is not appropriate for poverty reduction, because con-
ditions are different and because governments’ abilities are different.
FOSIS in Chile, a fund that was not supported in any major way by the
IDB, is a central part of the government’s machinery for poverty allevia-
tion and is extremely flexible. The fund concentrates on productive
projects, supports substantial microcredit activities, and imparts sub-
stantial training to communities.
Tax compliance is relatively high when the agency can match data from third parties (such as information on W-2 forms supplied by employers and financial institutions) to income tax returns and notify taxpayers of discrepancies. The net misreporting rate for income that is subject to third-party reporting is less than 5 percent.
The major sources of indoor air pollution worldwide include indoor combustion of solid
fuels, tobacco smoking, outdoor air pollutants, emissions from construction materials and
furnishings, and improper maintenance of ventilation and air conditioning systems. Although
some indoor air pollutants, such as environmental tobacco smoke, are of concern globally,
profiles of indoor air pollutants and the resulting health risks are generally very different in
developed and developing countries.
In the medium term, Zimbabwe’s prospects and performance will be largely
determined by political developments and key reforms aimed at improving the
investment climate especially in the areas of the property rights, indigenization, and
land reform, which make up the risks to the outlook. In addition, the speed and
determination with which the Government addresses the issue of external indebtedness will
be vital, as this will unlock critical resources required for investment in the various sectors of
the economy and in infrastructure in particular....
Client brokerage commissions, where applicable, are
used as payment for order execution services or
research services. The portfolio advisors or Manager
may select brokers, including their affiliates, who
charge a commissions in excess of that charged by
other brokers (“soft dollars”) if they determine in
good faith that the commission is reasonable in
relation to the order execution and research services
utilized. It is the Manager's objective that over time,
all clients receive benefits from the client brokerage
One advantage of conducting after-hours building walk-throughs to collect data on office equipment power
status is that more buildings can be surveyed with a given amount of time and money. On the other hand,
the data collected represents a snapshot in time, and does not capture variations in user behavior over time,
which would require automated long-term time series metering of equipment power state and power levels.
This is our most robust sample of buildings to date for collecting data on the after hours power status of
The diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is
complicated by the increased presence of sputum smear negative tuberculosis. Diagnosis of smear negative
pulmonary tuberculosis is made by an algorithm recommended by the National Tuberculosis and Leprosy
Programme that uses symptoms, signs and laboratory results.
The objective of this study is to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the tuberculosis treatment algorithm
used for the diagnosis of sputum smear negative pulmonary tuberculosis.
One final word of caution. It is true that imperfect asset substitutability does give the
government or the central bank an additional policy tool. But there is a qualification:
Goodhart’s Law will eventually apply to debt operations.
The central bank may virtually fix
the yield of its target bond. But if central bank action is known to have concentrated on a
particular maturity, then its information content is compromised. Investors may judge that
such paper is overpriced relative to paper of other maturities, and therefore avoid buying it.
There is a natural tradeoff in many cases between relevance and reliability. For example,
the value of an infrequently traded asset may be very relevant, if the clear intent is to even-
tually sell that asset to meet a liability. But the valuation of such an asset may be difficult
or impossible to reliably determine. Different parties may place materially di fferent values
on that asset, such that the reported value is impossible to verify by an external party or
auditor. The only reliable value for the asset may be its original cost, but such a value...
David Smith began to exploit the potentialities of stainless steel as a
medium in the 1950s. He employed this material for the
creation of his Cubi, a brilliant series of twenty-eight sculptures that
were destined to become the capstone of hid career.
It was David Smith himself who said, “I like outdoor sculpture, and
the most practical thing for outdoor sculpture is stainless steel, and I
make them and I polish them in such a way that on a dull day, they
take on a dull blue, of the color of the sky in the late afternoon sun,
the glow, golden like the rays, the colors of nature....
The past one year and a half has been a period of unprecedented changes for
the media industry in the Arab world and elsewhere. Within a short period of
one year since the release of the second edition of the Arab Media Outlook, the
contours of the world economy underwent transformations that shocked even
the most pessimistic observers. The media could not have remained unaffected
by such a cataclysmic turn of events.
Our study assessed the opportunity for library space saving and cost avoidance through the
systematic and intentional outsourcing of local management operations for digitized books to
shared service providers and progressive downsizing of local print collections in favor of
negotiated access to the digitized corpus and regionally consolidated print inventory. As
detailed in the report that follows, the organizational change required to achieve these gains
is likely to be substantial and challenging to implement.
Future options for international governance of cloning
could include further work by UNESCO IBC on the issue
of reproductive and research cloning, in the context
of resolution A/RES/59/280 and also in the context of
the Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human
Rights, which was adopted by the General Conference
of UNESCO on the 19th of October 2005. The UN GA
Sixth committee takes up the issue of customary
international law on cloning.
Advection is the transport of dissolved solute mass present in groundwater due
to the bulk flow (movement) of that groundwater. Advection alone (with no
dispersion or reactive processes occurring) would cause a non-reactive solute
to advect (move) at the mean groundwater pore velocity. All solutes undergo
advection, however, reactive solutes are subject to influences by other
processes detailed below.
Molecular diffusion is the movement of solute ions in the direction of the con-
centration gradient from high towards low concentrations. It effects all solutes.
The global.properties and responses.properties files, both found under $VCLOUD _ HOME/etc, are
critical files that contain sensitive information. The responses.properties file contains responses provided by the
administrator when running the configuration script. That file contains an encrypted version of the Oracle
database password and system KeyStore passwords. Unauthorized access to that file could give an attacker
access to the VMware vCloud Director database with the same permissions as the Oracle user specified in the
configuration script. The global.
Sampling and analysis of local well water and
surface soil gas (Strutt et al., 2005) were performed
at the Weyburn field. The primary objectives of
the soil gas analyses were to measure the natural
background concentrations of CO2 and to ascertain
whether CO2 or associated reservoir tracer gases
were escaping to the near surface. Samples were
collected three times over the course of two years on
a regular spatial grid; additional samples that could
represent possible vertical migration pathways were
also collected at other sites in the surrounding area.
In recent years, the international community has paid attention to the water quality
problem, especially since Agenda 21, which is the action plan to protect the
environment, was adopted in 1992 (WHO/UNEP 1997: 10.1.1). In addition, in the
United Nations Millennium Development Goals, one of the goals is to ‘reduce by half
the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water’ (United
Nations 2000). It has been internationally acknowledged that water problems are at a
crisis point for human life as well as the environment.