One of the keys to using the logframe successfully is understanding
what the definitions mean in operational terms, and in particular the
relationship between Results and Project Purpose.
Although managers are accountable for delivering the Results, they
cannot control the behaviour of the target group. Achievement of the
Project Purpose requires a ‘beneficiary response’ whereby the target
group uses project services and in doing so derives a benefit for
themselves. However, this does not mean that project managers are
not responsible for achieving the Project Purpose.
The pressure for B2B marketers is on. Modern B2B buyers have an increasing tendency and capacity to
research purchasing decisions online long before they engage with Sales. They are empowered with
information, and are reluctant from a persistently struggling economy. Winning over modern B2B buyers
requires organizations to revolutionize their marketing approach, and
the barriers to success are vast.
Facing great scrutiny, we must act on the buyer’s terms, tie all
activities into revenue, and continually optimize performance.
The DOE’s Carbon Sequestration Program also
supports global initiatives, such as the Carbon
Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF), an
international climate change initiative that focuses on
the development of technologies to cost-effectively
capture and sequester CO2, and the International Energy
Agency (IEA). The Carbon Sequestration Program
is also providing technical and financial support to
international projects through the Core R&D MVA
Program. Projects include the Weyburn Project (see
This study of a large, nationally representative sample of Australian women who had recently
given birth provides the first examination of consultancy patterns across conventional
maternity care providers and CAM practitioners during pregnancy. The study presents four
key findings. First, the study reveals a substantial level of CAM practitioner use with nearly
half of the pregnant women consulting a CAM practitioner concurrent to conventional
Indoor exposure to air pollutants causes very significant damage to health glo-
bally – especially in developing countries. The chemicals reviewed in this volume
are common indoor air pollutants in all regions of the world. Despite this, public
health awareness on indoor air pollution has lagged behind that on outdoor air
pollution. The current series of indoor air quality guidelines, focuses specifically
on this problem.
Target marketing is based on fundamental marketing principles that are employed by just about
all firms across all types of products and toward all types of audience segments. As the nation
undergoes dramatic demographic shifts, moving today’s ethnic minorities to the majority in
many geographic areas, target marketing to ethnic groups will increase.
But what does this trend in competition do for the cities? The answer is certainly not
definitive, but in its emerging outlines, it is disturbing yet also offers hope. To the extent
that this tendency makes cheap labor locations around the world more accessible, it fur-
ther amplifies the competitive disadvantage of urban locations in the United States. The
impact of increases in trade with low-wage countries on U.S. employment, especially
on low-skilled workers, has been hotly debated (Freeman, 1995; Wood, 1995).
Someone with a physical illness or disability often needs hands-on or
stand-by assistance with activities of daily living (see page 19). People
with cognitive impairments usually need supervision, protection or verbal
reminders to do everyday activities. The way long-term care services are
provided is changing. Skilled care and personal care are still the terms used
most often to describe long-term care and the type or level of care you
Wim A. Van der Stede is the CIMA Professor of Accounting and Financial Management at the
London School of Economics. He is actively involved with both the American (AAA) and European
(EAA) Accounting Associations, including as President of the AAA Management Section; the AAA
Finance Committee; the EAA Doctoral Colloquium; and the EAA Publications Committee. Wim has
published extensively in both practitioner and academic journals and has won several awards, including
the AAA Notable Contribution to Management Accounting Literature and IFAC’s Article of Merit.
It was the best of times; it was the worst of times. A decade ago the science fiction author David Brin published the Transparent Society.1 It was his tale of two cities, set 20 years in the future. Brin had a vision, or rather he had two. He had foreseen, more clearly than most, the coming ubiquity of a “surveillance society” and he posited two very polarised outcomes. Brin decided to pose the reader a straight choice: Which of these two outcomes do you want?
Brin told of two cities twenty years hence. From a distance both cities look very alike....
Key elements of successful programmes
Key elements of successful WHP programmes include: establishing
clear goals and objectives, linking programmes to business objectives;
strong management support; effective communication with, and
involvement of, employees at all levels of development and
implementation of the WHP programme; creating supportive
environments; adapting the programme to social norms and building
social support; considering incentives to foster adherence to the
programmes and improving self-efficacy of the participants. ...
Alfred Hitchcock’s Rear Window is an extended exercise in the use of Point of View camera and
editing. The entire film takes place in one location as the main character is confined to a wheel chair
and observes the world through his window. Throughout the film, we see events through the
viewpoint of the main character as he spies on his neighbours. In this scene, a series of point of view
shots allow us to see a murder mystery unfold.
A processing department is an organizational unit where work is performed on a prod-
uct and where materials, labor, or overhead costs are added to the product. For example, a
Nalley’s potato chip factory might have three processing departments—one for preparing
potatoes, one for cooking, and one for inspecting and packaging. A brick factory might
have two processing departments—one for mixing and molding clay into brick form and
one for firing the molded brick. Some products and services may go through a number of
processing departments, while others may...
The concept of knowledge-crafting proposed here draws from the work of Walter
Ong. About 30 years ago, Ong (1978) argued that a skilled author creates a fictional
audience for the text to understand its meaning from the prospective readers’ point of
view. In contrast to oral communication, the audience for written communication is not
actual, but fictional, a product of the writer’s imagination that can play an active role in
Private health insurance has offered a primary source of coverage for population groups
ineligible to public programmes, and contributed to provide insurance protection against other public
system coverage gaps. It has helped to inject resources into health systems, enabling an expansion in
capacity and services. It also enhanced access to timely care in some systems experiencing prolonged
public sector waiting times.
Adolescents who become pregnant prior to
completion of their education typically face
expulsion from school, and those who give
birth often are not readmitted. In many African
societies for example, once a young woman
has given birth she is regarded as an adult, a
role that is generally perceived as
incompatible with continued formal educa-
tion. In the event that a young woman is
forced to abandon her education due to early
pregnancy, she likely faces curtailment of her
social, intellectual and economic develop-
AI refers to several different procedures, all of which involve inserting sperm into a woman’s
body, the differences referring to whether the sperm is placed in her vagina, uterus, cervix or
fallopian tubes. AI can also be combined with hormonal drugs to stimulate production of
multiple eggs to increase likelihood that one of them will be fertilized. AI can be done at home
with a syringe or in a medical setting.
The risk that one will outlive one’s money is best referred to as “longevity risk.”
The traditional way that savers have managed this risk is by purchasing life annuities
or by having annuitylike cash flow streams purchased for them through defined-
benefit (DB) pension plans. (Social Security can also be understood, at least from
the viewpoint of the recipient, as an inflation-indexed life annuity.) DB pension
plans are declining in importance, however, and a great many workers do not have
such a plan.
The Manager is responsible for the day-to-day
management of the Fund and its investment portfolio
in compliance with the Fund’s constating documents.
The Manager monitors and evaluates the performance
of the Fund, pays for the investment management
services of the investment advisors and provides all
related administrative services required by the Fund.
As compensation for its services the Manager is
entitled to receive a fee payable monthly, calculated
at the maximum annual rates included in Note 8(d)....
Skylines, and other directly related problems such as multiobjective opti-
mization [Steuer 1986], maximum vectors [Kung et al. 1975; Matousek 1991],
and the contour problem [McLain 1974], have been extensively studied and nu-
merous algorithms have been proposed formain-memory processing. To the best
of our knowledge, however, the ﬁrst work addressing skylines in the context of
databaseswasBorzsonyi et al. ,which develops algorithms based on block
nested loops, divide-and-conquer, and index scanning. An improved version of
block nested loops is presented in Chomicki et al.