National and global

Xem 1-20 trên 343 kết quả National and global
  • The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the only international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations. At its heart are the WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world’s trading nations and ratified in their parliaments. The goal is to help producers of goods and services, exporters and importers conduct their business.

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  • This collective volume contains nine essays on globalisation, a multidimensional and multidisciplinary issue that we are all deeply concerned. Globalisation is like the force majeure from the ever-expanding universe after the Big Bang. As a result, all the currently functioning national systems have been driven out of their old comfort zones and downgraded to sub-systems, as described by Orlando and González in their joint essay on “thermodynamics”. But, whether we like it or not, globalisation is here to stay....

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  • Desai et al. (2004) provide a meta-analysis of health effects from household solid fuel air pollution. Health effects were categorized by level of evidence from the research literature. Relative risk ratios associated with solid fuel use, relative to clean fuels such as LPG, were derived for each health outcome (table 3.1). 11 The national and global mortality and DALY estimates presented by WHO (2007) reflect the relative risk ratios in Desai et al, limiting the health effects to ALRI in children u5, and COPD and lung cancer in adult women and men. ALRI...

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  • The Internet challenged existing institutions and powerful interests: Technology was global, but its economic and business development was molded in the context of prevailing national institutions.Comparing the experiences of seven countries -- France, Germany, India, Japan, Sweden, South Korea, and the United States -- this book analyzes the rise of the Internet and its impact on changing national institutions.

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  • The number of women entering small business ownership has increased significantly across the world. These women make a crucial contribution to the economic growth and development of local, national and global economies. Yet, despite their increasing numbers, they have received little attention from the academic community and research into the experiences of women small business owners is confined to a handful of countries. The work on women entrepreneurs is far more extensive and generally eclipses the area of small business ownership.

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  • The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is the overall coordinating environmental organization of the United Nations system. Its mission is to provide leadership and encourage partnerships in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing and enabling nations and people to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations.

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  • Grid research, rooted in distributed and high performance computing, started in midto- late 1990s when scientists around the world acknowledged the need to establish an infrastructure to support their collaborative research on compute and data intensive experiments. Soon afterwards, national and international research and development authorities realized the importance of the Grid and gave it a primary position on their research and development agenda.

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  • Impoverishing the local resource base can impoverish wider areas: deforestation by highland farmers causes flooding on lowland farms; factory pollution robs local fishermen of their catch. Such grim local cycles now operate nationally and regionally. Dryland degradation sends environmental refugees in their millions across national borders. Deforestation in Latin America and Asia is causing more floods, and more destructive floods, in downhill, downstream nations. Acid precipitation and nuclear fallout have spread across the borders of Europe.

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  • In many parts of the world, where medicines are not readily available or affordable, the public continue to rely on medicines used traditionally in their cultures. At the same time, affluent consumers in the industrialized world are spending their own money on healthcare approaches that fall outside what has been considered mainstream medicine. A growing body of national and international studies highlight the reality that there is exponential growth of global interest in and use of traditional (i.e. indigenous), complementary and alternative medicine (TCAM).

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  • Innovation is the strong driver of economic growth, new industries and jobs, and a high standard of living, both in the United States and globally. In the last half-century, innovation in turn has been increasingly driven by educated people and the knowledge they produce, particularly though scientific and technological research and development.

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  • Global warming and changes in climate have already had observed impacts on natural ecosystems and species. Natural systems such as wetlands, mangroves, coral reefs, cloud forests, Arctic and high latitude ecosystems are especially vulnerable to climate‐induced disturbances. Enhanced protection and management of biological resources and habitats can mitigate impacts and contribute to solutions as nations and communities strive to adapt to climate change. Biodiversity is the foundation and mainstay of agriculture, forests, and fisheries.

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  • .United Nations University Press is the publishing arm of United Nations University. UNU Press publishes scholarly and policy-oriented books and periodicals on the issues facing the United Nations and its people and member states, with particular emphasis upon international, regional, and trans-boundary policies.

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  • These related changes have locked the global economy and global ecology together in new ways. We have in the past been concerned about the impacts of economic growth upon the environment. We are now forced to concern ourselves with the impacts of ecological stress - degradation of soils, water regimes, atmosphere, and forests upon our economic prospects. We have in the more recent past been forced to face up to a sharp increase in economic interdependence among nations. We are now forced to accustom ourselves to an accelerating ecological interdependence among nations.

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  • .Committee on Assuring a Future U.S.-Based Nuclear Chemistry Expertise Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board Division on Earth and Life Studies Board on Higher Education and Workforce Division on Policy and Global Affairs .

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  • More recently, the Washington Department of Insurance sponsored a consumer survey that matched demographic information obtained from telephone interviews with credit scores (Pavelchek and Brown, 2003). While the study found a statistically significant association between credit scores and income, the findings regarding the racial impact of scoring were inconclusive, primarily because of the small number of minorities included in the survey sampled from the relatively homogonous population of the state of Washington .

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  • Ruling the World? Constitutionalism, International Law, and Global Governance provides an interdisciplinary analysis of the major developments and central questions in debates over international constitutionalism at the United Nations, European Union, World Trade Organization, and other sites of global gover- nance. The essays in this volume explore controversial empirical and normative questions, doctrinal and structural issues, and questions of institutional design and positive political theory.

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: The evolution of the Global Burden of Disease framework for disease, injury and risk factor quantification: developing the evidence base for national, regional and global public health action

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  • The Global Initiative on Transport Emissions (GITE) was created as a partnership between the United Nations and the World Bank to help the international community meet some of the above needs. The GITE projects and programmes are being developed in three clusters of activities. The Partnership for Vehicle and Fuel Technology Modernization (PVFTM) is intended to create a structured forum to investigate the reasons that more appropriate technologies are not used in particular regions, and what can be done to overcome the barriers to their use.

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  • The Qatar National Research Fund (QNRF) is intended to be the leading institution in Qatar dedicated to funding research in the Qatari interest. It will address priority economic and social needs and pursue opportunities to attract internationally recognized researchers to study topics of regional and global importance. QNRF is a

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  • This document should be of interest to a broad audience interested in reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to the atmosphere. It was developed for regulatory organizations, project developers, and national and state policymakers to increase awareness of existing and developing monitoring, verification, and accounting (MVA) techniques. Carbon dioxide (CO2) sinks are a natural part of the carbon cycle; however, natural terrestrial sinks are not sufficient to absorb all the CO2 emitted to the atmosphere each year.

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