The Qatar National Research Fund (QNRF) is intended to be the leading institution in Qatar dedicated to funding research in the Qatari interest. It will address priority economic and social needs and pursue opportunities to attract internationally recognized researchers to study topics of regional and global importance. QNRF is a
The Sun to the Earth—and Beyond: A Decadal Research Strategy in
Solar and Space Physics is the product of an 18-month effort that began in
December 2000, when the National Research Council (NRC) approved a
study to assess the current status and future directions of U.S. ground- and
space-based programs in solar and space physics research. The NRC’s
Space Studies Board and its Committee on Solar and Space Physics organized
the study, which was carried out by five ad hoc study panels and the
15-member Solar and Space Physics Survey Committee, chaired by Louis J.
We are grateful to everyone who attended the panel’s ﬁrst meet-
ing and provided perspectives on issues of human research participant
protection in the social, behavioral, and economic sciences (SBES).
We acknowledge the wealth of information that we obtained from web-
sites of private and public organizations and from previous surveys
of the review process for research with human participants (see the
In response to growing support for sustainable international development strategies,
the U.S. Congress has recommended that the Agency for International Development
(AID) create a new Collaborative Research Support Program (CRSP) that focuses on the
research needs of sustainable agriculture and natural resource management. The Office
of Agriculture in AID's Bureau for Science and Technology subsequently asked that the
National Research Council's Board on Agriculture (BA) and Board on Science and
Technology for International Development (BOSTID) undertake planning for the new
This report is a product of the Committee on USGS Water Resources
Research, which provides consensus advice to the Water Resources Division
(WRD) of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) on scientific, research, and
programmatic issues. The committee is one of the groups that works under the
auspices of the Water Science and Technology Board (WSTB) of the National
Research Council. The committee considers a variety of topics that are
important scientifically and programmatically to the USGS and the nation and
issues reports when appropriate....
The U.S. air transportation system is vital to the economic well-being and security of the United
States. To support continued U.S. leadership in aviation, Congress and NASA requested that the National
Research Council undertake a decadal survey of civil aeronautics research and technology (R&T) priorities
that would help NASA fulfill its responsibility to preserve U.S. leadership in aeronautics technology.
In 2006, the National Research Council published the Decadal Survey of Civil Aeronautics.
This project was initiated in response to a letter from Charles Kean,
an Associate Professor of Physiology and Pharmacology and
Director of the Animal Care Facility at Loma Linda University, to
the National Research Council’s (NRC’s) Institute for Laboratory Animal
Research (ILAR), the Association for Assessment and Accreditation of
Laboratory Animal Care (AAALAC) International, and the Office of
Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW) of the National Institutes of Health
(NIH) outlining the research animal care community’s concerns about the
safe and humane transportation of research animal...
The extraordinarily broad scope of the congressional request for advice
on coal resources and future coal research and development needs provided
a significant challenge for the committee appointed by the National
Research Council (NRC). Fortunately, clarifications by staff members from the
offices of U.S. Senators Robert C. Byrd and Arlen Specter—the originators of
this study—were most helpful, suggesting that the report should be brief and
contain limited detail, but with abundant references to other, more comprehensive
This report presents an overview of the launch of the Qatar National Research Fund (QNRF) — the first research-funding organization of its kind in the Middle East — from August 2006 through January 2008. It describes the design and implementation of QNRF's first programs, the Undergraduate Research
development, and analysis programs. The Board is charged to review the work only of ARL’s six directorates—and this excludes review of two key elements of the ARL organization that manage and support basic research: the Army Research Office and the Collaborative Technology Alliances. The advice provided focuses on technical rather than programmatic considerations. The Board is assisted by six standing National Research Council (NRC) panels, each of which focuses on a portion of the ARL program conducted by one of...
This workshop summary has been reviewed in draft form by individu-
als chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accor-
dance with procedures approved by the Report Review Committee of the
National Research Council. The purpose of this independent review is to
provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in mak-
ing its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report
meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness
to the charge.
There is a clear and urgent need for a national research network. This nation stands to gain considerably from the many direct and indirect benefits that would accrue from an NRN.
The OSTP report begins to address the basic issues for an NRN, but it is silent on many important issues, especially those pertaining to the relationship between the NRN and commercial network services. (Nevertheless, the fundamental recommendation for an NRN is sound, as far as it goes.)
International research on natural resource management advances in impact assessment
Increased concern about the environmental and natural resource implications of agriculture has given rise to an emphasis on research that calls attention to these issues in developing countries. National and international agricultural research systems, including the research Centres under the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), have intensified research on natural resource management (NRM) both in terms of budget allocation and priority setting.
Forty years ago, Congress asked the National Academies Committee on
Science, Engineering, and Public Policy (COSEPUP)—the only joint policy
committee of the National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of
Engineering, and Institute of Medicine—to look at the relationship between basic
research and national goals. That request, from the House Committee on Science
and Astronautics in 1964, resulted in the report Basic Research and National Goals.
The papers in this book provide new information on several aspects of soil erosion
and applications of the National Resources Inventory (NRI). They were commissioned
following a planning workshop in July 1984 and were presented in December 1984
during a national convocation, “Physical Dimensions of the Erosion Problem.” The
workshop and convocation were held by the National Research Council's Board on
Agriculture in response to a request from the Soil Conservation Service of the U.S.
Innovation is the strong driver of economic growth, new industries
and jobs, and a high standard of living, both in the United States and
globally. In the last half-century, innovation in turn has been increasingly
driven by educated people and the knowledge they produce, particularly
though scientific and technological research and development.
IFA (“Institutions for Floods in Asia”) project focuses on institutional dimension of river floods risk reduction in the Asian countries that along with structural approaches constitutes the core in human responses to floods. IFA aggregates and compares results of country-based research in order to further explore the problem How to strengthen capacities and performance of institutions to reduce flood risks. Rich evidence for testing IFA approaches is provided from recent case-studies of big river floods in Bangladesh, Burma/Myanmar, Japan, Russia,......
In March 2001, the National Institutes of Health issued the following warning: "The number
of Web sites offering health-related resources grows every day. Many sites provide valuable
information, while others may have information that is unreliable or misleading."1
Furthermore, because of the rapid increase in Internet-based information, many hours can
be wasted searching, selecting, and printing. Since only the smallest fraction of information
dealing with laser surgery is indexed in search engines, such as www.google.
World Heritage National Park Phong Nha - Ke Bang has been and is being invested by the government in general and by Quang Binh province in particular to expand into a population with different types of tourism in order to invite domestic and foreign tourists. Since the 60s of 20th century, the Phong Nha - Ke Bang zone has been regarded as a tourism spot that attracts the most number of tourists among the tourism industry of Quang Binh province. However, since then this National Park has only exploited the exterior caves and has not, together with other...
Under the Clean Air Act, particulate matter (PM) is one of the major air
pollutants for which National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) are
to be established on the basis of the scientific evidence on risks to human
health. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), other federal and
state government agencies, and nongovernment organizations are conducting
a major multiyear research effort to improve scientific understanding of
airborne PM and its effects on human health.