Natural capital

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  • Corporate financial managers continually invest funds in assets, and these assets produce income and cash flows that the firm can then either reinvest in more assets or distribute to the owners of the firm. Capital investment refers to the firm’s investment in assets, and these investments may be either short term or long term in nature. Capital budgeting decisions involve the long-term commitment of a firm’s scarce resources in capital investments. When such a decision is made, the firm is committed to a current and possibly future outlay of funds....

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  • Emerging possibilities — A new type of industrialism — The loss of living systems — Valuing natural capital — The industrial mind-set — The emerging pattern of scarcity — Four strategies of natural capitalism — Radical resource productivity — Putting the couch potato of industrialism on a diet — An economy of steady service and flow — Restoring the basis of life and commerce

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  • Creating institutions to meet the challenge of sustainability is arguably the most important task confronting society; it is also dauntingly complex. Ecological, economic, and social elements all play a role, but despite ongoing efforts, researchers have yet to succeed in integrating the various disciplines in a way that gives adequate representation to the insights of each.Panarchy, a term devised to describe evolving hierarchical systems with multiple interrelated elements, offers an important new framework for understanding and resolving this dilemma.

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  • This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. The financial crisis of 2007-09 highlighted the changing role of financial institutions and the growing importance of the żshadow banking system,ż which grew out of the securitization of assets and the integration of banking with capital market developments. In a market-based financial system, banking and capital market developments are inseparable, and funding conditions are tied closely to fluctuations in the leverage of market-based financial intermediaries.

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  • Our precious planet is in peril. The economic overshoot of ecological thresholds is seemingly the order of the day. Yet, it is clearly not enough to lament the excessive economic use and human domination of ecosystems and sit as if in sackcloth and ashes while romanticizing the days gone by.

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  • Ecosystem accounts are being developed as part of the System of Environmental-Economic Accounts which aims at supplementing the UN System of National Accounts with information on the environment and natural capital. The purpose is to broaden the scope of the variables taken into account in policymaking in order to improve understanding of the interdependence and interactions between the economy and the environment.

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  • The purpose of environmental-economic accounting is to supplement the conventional national accounts (UN SNA 2008) with tables which inform policymakers of environmental and natural resource availability, use, depletion and degradation.

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  • Chapter 2 - Financial assets, money, financial transactions, and financial institutions. In this chapter, You will see the most important channels through which funds flow from lenders to borrowers and back again within the global system of money and capital markets, you will discover the nature and characteristics of financial assets how they are created and destroyed by decision makers within the financial system, you will explore the critical roles played by money within the financial system and the linkages between money and inflation in the prices of goods and services.

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  • This chapter explore the valuation underpinnings to the question of capital structure. As we shall see, much controversy surrounds the issue. Despite the unsettled nature of the matter, we hope that this presentation will provide the conceptual backdrop necessary to guide the financial manager in capital structure decisions.

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  • As I write this Introduction, President George W. Bush is on his first visit to Europe since taking office. A few days ago, speaking to European heads of state in Gothenburg, he explained why he was refusing to ratify the Kyoto agreement on climate change. People gathered on the streets of the city to protest against his policies on the environment, and against capitalism’s relentless drive for economic growth against the wider interests of humanity and the natural world. Meanwhile,

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  • One way to motivate interest in vocabulary is to teach students about the origins of the English words we use today in educated speech and writing. Students in successful English language arts classrooms learn about the way the English language has developed across time and place. The English language has the largest vocabulary of all the world’s languages. Furthermore, it is still growing, because that is the nature of a living language. The English language reflects the influence of every language community with which English-speaking people have interacted.

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  • The umbrella term Social Sciences and Humanities refers to a plurality of fields outside the Natural or Physical Sciences. Disciplines as different as anthropology, archeology, architecture, art, cultural studies, economics, education, geography and environmental studies, history, law, languages and linguistics, political science, philosophy, psychology, sociology or translation studies, all share the concern for human relations and socio-cultural practices.

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  • We are living on an increasingly urban planet. In 2008 we passed the halfway mark—50% of the world’s population now live in cities, and that percentage is projected to increase to 70% by 2050. There is no turning back the urban trend. Yet ironically we have as a species yet to successfully design and plan cities that will accommodate our economic and demographic needs while uplifting and elevating us, and protect, restore, and nurture the planet and its natural systems.

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  • Coastal lagoons are the most valuable components of coastal areas in terms of both ecosystem and natural capital. In most NATO coastal countries, the majority of the population lives within a 50-kilometer coastal band. Increasing human use and development pressures in the coastal areas make these dynamic and productive ecosystems very sensitive and vulnerable to deteriorations.

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  • E very antiaircraft gun in Richmond seemed to thunder at once. The sky above the capital of the Confederate States filled with black puffs of smoke. Jake Featherston, the President of the CSA, had heard that his aviators called those bursts nigger-baby flak. They did look something like black dolls— and they were as dangerous as blacks in the Confederacy, too. U.S. airplanes didn’t usually come over Richmond by daylight, any more than Confederate aircraft usually raided Washington or Philadelphia or New York City when the sun was in the sky.

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  • Severe chemical contamination was found in ash contaminated soil samples from open burning sites at both Agbogbloshie and Korforidua, as well as in sediment from a shallow lagoon at the Agbogbloshie site. Most samples contained numerous toxic and persistent organic chemical pollutants, as well as very high levels of many toxic metals, the majority of which are either known to be used in electronic devices, or are likely to be formed during the open- burning of materials used in such devices.

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  • Real estate professionals attending Ernst & Young’s conference were almost equally split in their views of the Eurozone’s future. Asked whether the Eurozone would survive in its current form for the next 12 months, 48% thought it would not. Michael Portillo, keynote speaker at this year’s conference, said politicians and policy advisors will be highly focused on the Eurozone’s problems during 2012. “There’s an enormous amount of political capital invested in the Euro, so huge amounts will be expended in trying to save it.

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  • Since there is a premium put on specialized talents and backgrounds and the need to attract capital by performing exceptionally well, I have found that investors require relatively high minimum annual rates of returns in the 20-25% range. The risky and illiquid nature of this market make such required returns necessary. As we will show, however, the average performance in this market over the last 11 years, although good, has been considerably below the 20-25% per year range. The remainder of this chapter reports on the performance of defaulted bonds in the 1987-1998 period.

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  • This coedited book addresses an unmet need in the marketplace by posing management strategies from various international sources for improving healthcare outcomes. With the recent outbreaks of worldwide calamities such as famine, natural disasters, pandemics, proliferation of substance abuse, posttraumatic syndrome states, and other related disease containment concerns, there is increased international attention to disease detection, surveillance, prevention, containment, and treatment methods.

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  • Sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) are investment funds owned and managed by national governments. Such funds currently manage between $1.9 and $2.9 trillion and are expected to grow to over $12 trillion by 2015. This is due to the rapid growth of commodity prices and large trade surpluses in several emerging market economies. During the second half of 2007, interest in SWFs increased as Asian and Middle Eastern SWFs, fueled by surging foreign exchange reserves, invested large sums of capital in U.S. and other Western companies.

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