The idea for this book arose during the planning phases of an International Conference
in Edmonton, Canada in July 2004 entitled “The Science of Changing Climates
— Impacts on Agriculture, Forestry and Wetlands.” The conference was organized
jointly by the Canadian Societies of Animal Science, Plant Science and Soil Science
with support from Natural Resources Canada/Canadian Forest Service because they
saw climate change as one of the most serious environmental problems facing the
Scientists predict the earth is facing 40-to-60 years of climate change, even if emissions of carbon dioxide and other global warming gases stopped today. One inevitable consequence of the greenhouse gases already in the atmosphere will be an increase in the frequency and severity of natural disaster events. Global Warming, Natural Hazards, and Emergency Management documents the imperative need for communities to prepare for the coming effects of climate change and provides a series of in-depth, road-tested recommendations on how to reduce risks for communities and businesses.
International research on natural resource management advances in impact assessment
Increased concern about the environmental and natural resource implications of agriculture has given rise to an emphasis on research that calls attention to these issues in developing countries. National and international agricultural research systems, including the research Centres under the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), have intensified research on natural resource management (NRM) both in terms of budget allocation and priority setting.
The rapidly increasing global population has dramatically increased the demands for
natural resources and has caused signiﬁcant changes in quantity and quality of natural
resources.To achieve sustainable resource management, it is essential to obtain insight-
ful guidance from emerging disciplines such as landscape ecology.This text addresses
the links between landscape ecology and natural resource management.These links are
discussed in the context of various landscape types,a diverse set of resources,and a wide
range ofmanagement issues.
Natural resources conservation is one of the dilemmas currently facing mankind in both developed and the developing world. The topic is of particular importance for the latter, where the majority depend on terrestrial ecosystems for livelihood; more than one billion people live in abject poverty earning less than a dollar per day; more than 3.7 billion suffer from micronutrient deficiency and more than 800 million suffer from chronic hunger.
An analysis of the complex relationship between demographic changes and impacts on the natural-resource base confirms that resource exploitation is occurring not only to meet growing domestic needs but also for other vested interests. Population, together with other major drivers, such as institutions, markets, and technology, will have a very strong bearing on the way in which the rich resources of the Mekong River Basin are developed and distributed in the present and future.
Clay and clay minerals represent the youngest minerals in the Earth’s crust. Clays are
irregularly distributed in lithosphere, as their concentration increases due to the
weathering, hydrothermal changes, including anthropogenic influences. Clay minerals
occur in all types of sediments and sedimentary rocks and are common in
hydrothermal deposits. The interdisciplinary character of clay science follows from the
information obtained from the methodology and theory of other natural and technical
This book provides an interdisciplinary view of how to prepare the ecological and socio-economic systems to the reality of climate change. Scientifically sound tools are needed to predict its effects on regional, rather than global, scales, as it is the level at which socio-economic plans are designed and natural ecosystem reacts. The first section of this book describes a series of methods and models to downscale the global predictions of climate change, estimate its effects on biophysical systems and monitor the changes as they occur....
Natural gas is a vital component of the world's supply of energy and an important
source of many bulk chemicals and speciality chemicals. It is one of the cleanest, safest,
and most useful of all energy sources, and helps to meet the world’s rising demand for
cleaner energy into the future. However, exploring, producing and bringing gas to the
user or converting gas into desired chemicals is a systematical engineering project, and
every step requires thorough understanding of gas and the surrounding environment.
This is probably the first study that has used resilience, the adaptive cycle and
panarchy as a major part of the conceptual foundation for the work. Resilience
(as used here) has been explored in the literature for about 30 years, the
adaptive cycle originated about 18 years ago and both have been integrated
within the panarchy concept for only a few years.
The world’s climate is changing, and it will continue to change throughout the 21st century and beyond. Rising temperatures, new precipitation patterns, and other changes are already affecting many aspects of human society and the natural world. Climate change is transforming ecosystems at extraordinary rates and scales.
S. Robert Aiken was educated in the UK, Canada, and the United States.
He is a cultural and historical geographer with a long-standing interest in
tropical deforestation and environmental change in Southeast Asia, focusing
mainly on Malaysia and Indonesia. He is presently working on indigenous
land rights issues in Malaysia. Dr Aiken is coauthor (with C. H. Leigh) of
Vanishing Rain Forests: The Ecological Transition in Malaysia (Oxford:
Oxford University Press, 1992/1995) and author of Imperial Belvederes: The
Hill Stations of Malaya (Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press, 1994).
Over the past three decades, governments at the local, state, and federal levels have undertaken a wide range of bold innovations, often in partnership with nongovernmental organizations and communities, to try to address their environmental and natural resource management tasks. Many of these efforts have failed. Innovations, by definition, are transitory. How, then, can we establish new practices that endure?
Several years ago the Open University in Heerlen and Maastricht
University decided to launch a course on ‘Climate and the Environment’,
with a diverse team of authors. Both natural and social scientists, from
several regions of the world, contributed to this book. Initially, the book was
intended as a textbook within this course for students of Environmental
Sciences programmes at the Open University and Maastricht University. As
the book developed it became clear that it would be an excellent source to
anyone professionally engaged in the wide area of the enhance greenhouse
Kenyan’s livelihoods are closely linked to their access to natural resources. As our population increases
and environmental quality continues to decline, there is an increased risk of social and economic
destabilization, which will have signifi cant impacts on overall national security. Rural people are among
the most vulnerable and insecure in terms of poverty, health, food security, economic losses, and confl icts
resulting from competitive access to natural resources, among other factors....
My goal in this book is to introduce the reader to the evidence,
both historical and contemporary, for how the reciprocal interactions
between people and nature have developed, the urgency for
action now to prevent truly disastrous consequences, and to make
suggestions as to how we might go about doing so. While the book
does not follow the usual organization for an introduction to human
ecology, cultural ecology, or ecological anthropology text, the book
covers much of this material in what I hope is a more engaging
This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. The financial crisis of 2007-09 highlighted the changing role of financial institutions and the growing importance of the żshadow banking system,ż which grew out of the securitization of assets and the integration of banking with capital market developments. In a market-based financial system, banking and capital market developments are inseparable, and funding conditions are tied closely to fluctuations in the leverage of market-based financial intermediaries.
This book is an attempt to situate archaeology within the domain of contemporary
human affairs, and to forge a new methodology for coping with environmental
problems from an archaeological perspective. From this perspective, the papers
included in this volume highlight the aspects of the historical relationships
between people and climatic change that are potentially useful in coping with
current climatic fluctuations.