Xem 1-20 trên 135 kết quả Natural compounds
  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Down-regulation of UHRF1, associated with re-expression of tumor suppressor genes, is a common feature of natural compounds exhibiting anti-cancer properties

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  • In this important new book and presents the quintessential guide for gas engineers, emphasizing the practical aspects of natural gas production. Readers will learn to incorporate cutting-edge research in estimating reserves, evaluating the performance of fractured wells, processing gas, and material balance analysis; learn to evaluate future performance of gas reservoirs; learn to improve the performance of gas wells; and more.

    pdf271p letung167 02-04-2013 65 28   Download

  • Forty-five years ago, agricultural and pharmaceutical chemistry appeared to be following divergent paths. On the agricultural scene industrial companies were concentrating on the synthesis of various classes of compounds and when a successful chemical candidate was discovered, there was a good deal of joy among the synthetic chemists. We were told that as a result of chemistry life would be better and, indeed, it was. Armed with synthetic agrochemicals, the American farmer became the envy of the world....

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  • Environmental Chemistry is a relatively young science. Interest in this subject, however, is growing very rapidly and, although no agreement has been reached as yet about the exact content and limits of this interdisciplinary discipline, there appears to be increasing interest in seeing environmental topics which are based on chemistry embodied in this subject. One of the first objectives of Environmental Chemistry must be the study of the environment and of natural chemical processes which occur in the environment.

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  • Since there is a premium put on specialized talents and backgrounds and the need to attract capital by performing exceptionally well, I have found that investors require relatively high minimum annual rates of returns in the 20-25% range. The risky and illiquid nature of this market make such required returns necessary. As we will show, however, the average performance in this market over the last 11 years, although good, has been considerably below the 20-25% per year range. The remainder of this chapter reports on the performance of defaulted bonds in the 1987-1998 period.

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  • The European Union has developed the draft of a “Working document on sludge” (EU 2000), to promote the use of sewage sludge in agriculture while improving the safety and harmonize quality standards. It proposes limit values for concentrations of heavy metals and organic compounds that should restrict the use of sewage sludge in agriculture if the limits are exceeded and provides suggestions for good practice in treatment and agricultural use.

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  • In this article, compound processing for translation into German in a factored statistical MT system is investigated. Compounds are handled by splitting them prior to training, and merging the parts after translation. I have explored eight merging strategies using different combinations of external knowledge sources, such as word lists, and internal sources that are carried through the translation process, such as symbols or parts-of-speech. I show that for merging to be successful, some internal knowledge source is needed.

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  • Research on the discovery of terms from corpora has focused on word sequences whose recurrent occurrence in a corpus is indicative of their terminological status, and has not addressed the issue of discovering terms when data is sparse. This becomes apparent in the case of noun compounding, which is extremely productive: more than half of the candidate compounds extracted from a corpus are attested only once. We show how evidence about established (i.e.

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  • Essential oil of Cinnamomum longepetiolatum Costerm. apud Phamh. Obtained by hydro distillation. The essential oil yield was 0.91% in fresh leaves. The chemical composition of this oil was study by GC and GC/MS. Twelve compounds were identified representing 98.8% of this oil with camphor as major constituent (87.5%). Eleven other compounds were found with lower content. The results of this study shows that Cinnamomum longepetiolatum Costerm. apud Phamh. was a new natural source of camphor in Vietnam. ...

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  • The compounds of La1-xCaxMnO3- δ with x=0.46 and 0.50 occupy special positions in the phase diagram of La1-xCaxMnO3-δ system due to their interesting properties and charge-ordering phase transition. The samples were prepared by a solid-state reaction method. The XPD patterns show that the samples are of a single-phase orthorhombic-perovskite structure. The chemical compositions of the samples are investigated by EDS. The concentrations of oxygen and Mn3+; Mn4+ ions have been determined by dichromate method.

    pdf5p tuanlocmuido 19-12-2012 13 2   Download

  • Ancient traditions, when tested by the severe processes of modern investigation, commonly enough fade away into mere dreams: but it is singular how often the dream turns out to have been a half-waking one, presaging a reality.

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  • The crystal structure and thermoelectric properties of La(Fe1-xSix)13 compounds were investigated by means of X-ray powder diffraction and electrical resistivity, thermopower and thermal conductivity measurements. The single NaZn13-type cubic structure phase is stabilized for the compounds with x = 0.12, 0.14 and 0.15. These magnetic phase transitions are also seen in the electrical resistivity, thermopower and thermal conductivity measurements. All compounds have the small values of thermopower and lattice conductivity. ...

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  • The automatic interpretation of noun-noun compounds is an important subproblem within many natural language processing applications and is an area of increasing interest. The problem is difficult, with disagreement regarding the number and nature of the relations, low inter-annotator agreement, and limited annotated data. In this paper, we present a novel taxonomy of relations that integrates previous relations, the largest publicly-available annotated dataset, and a supervised classification method for automatic noun compound interpretation.

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  • There are some sorts of ‘Preposition + Noun’ combinations in Farsi that apparently a Prepositional Phrase almost behaves as Compound Prepositions. As they are not completely behaving as compounds, it is doubtful that the process of word formation is a morphological one. The analysis put forward by this paper proposes “incorporation” by which an No is incorporated to a Po constructing a compound preposition. In this way tagging prepositions and parsing texts in Natural Language Processing is defined in a proper manner. ...

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  • This paper proposes the application of finite-state approximation techniques on a unification-based grammar of word formation for a language like German. A refinement of an RTN-based approximation algorithm is proposed, which extends the state space of the automaton by selectively adding distinctions based on the parsing history at the point of entering a context-free rule. The selection of history items exploits the specific linguistic nature of word formation.

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  • Compounded words are a challenge for NLP applications such as machine translation (MT). We introduce methods to learn splitting rules from monolingual and parallel corpora. We evaluate them against a gold standard and measure their impact on performance of statistical MT systems. Results show accuracy of 99.1% and performance gains for MT of 0.039 BLEU on a German-English noun phrase translation task.

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  • The paper presents a morpho-lexical environment, designed for the management of rootoriented natural language dictionaries. It also encapsulates the basic morpho-lexical processings: analysis and synthesis of individual word-forms or compounds (idioms and analytic constructions).

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  • A large amount of information has accumulated on humic acids and related substances, which warrants the creation of an independent science of humic compounds. Two different concepts have emerged from the maze of data, one claiming humic compounds to be operational or fake compounds, produced by the analytical extraction procedures, and the other considering them to be natural compounds occurring in soils, rivers, lakes, oceans and their sediments.

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  • The nature of the tire and rubber industry has changed over the last 30 to 40 years in that, like all other industries, it has come to recognize the value of using renewable sources of raw materials, recycling materials whenever possible, and examining the potential of reclaiming used materials for fresh applications.

    pdf575p ktcn_1 17-07-2012 100 25   Download

  • As early as the middle of the 19th century, scientists were beginning to isolate and characterize organic compounds from nature. Modern studies of the nature of natural products, those compounds not involved in primary metabolic processes, began in the 1930s and 1940s. In the decades that followed, scientists began to focus on why organisms produce these compounds.

    pdf592p 951628473 07-05-2012 63 21   Download

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