Necessary conditions

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  • Research Article Sufficient and Necessary Conditions for Oscillation of nth-Order Differential Equation with Retarded Argument

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Research Article Necessary Conditions of Optimality for Second-Order Nonlinear Impulsive Differential Equations

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  • The sixth edition of Clinical Examination continues to serve all medical trainees with a clear explanation of history taking and clinical examination. Set out systematically, this best selling textbook has comprehensive coverage of the skills necessary for clinically evaluating patients. Thoroughly evidence based and referenced, in full colour with superior artwork and design, the book comes with free and complete access to Student Consult.

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  • This paper considers what types of knowledge one must possess in order to reason about actions. Rather than concentrating on how actions are performed, as is done in the problem-solving literature, it examines the set of conditions under which an action can be said to have occurred. In other words, if one is told that action A occurred, what can be inferred about the state of the world? In particular, if the representation can define such conditions, it must have good models of time, belief, and intention. ...

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  • This book provides a comprehensive guide for surveyors and architects on the steps to take when approached by a client asking for a structural survey. It deals with all types of buildings: domestic, commercial and industrial. Advice is given on how to diagnose faults, with many detailed sketches and photographs to illus- trate the text. Examples of various types of reports are given in the appendices. We are living in an era of change. Adaptation of buildings for different uses and extensions to existing buildings are commonplace.

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  • Despite worldwide evidence of the low levels of female participation in social, educational, economic and political spheres, there is still a tendency to see it as a real problem only in a limited number of countries. Yet, as noted above, the reality is that no country in the world, no matter how advanced, has achieved true gender equality, as measured by comparable decision- making power, equal opportunity for education and advancement, and equal participation and status in all walks of human endeavour.

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  • OF all disciplines necessary to the criminal justice in addition to the knowledge of law, the most important are those derived from psychology. For such sciences teach him to know the type of man it is his business to deal with. Now psychological sciences appear in various forms. There is a native psychology, a keenness of vision given in the march of experience, to a few fortunate persons, who see rightly without having learned the laws which determine the course of events, or without being even conscious of them.

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  • A dissertation submitted in partial satisfaction of the requirements fog the degree Doctor of Philosophy in Economics Graphical illustration of market equilibrium From Theorem 2 and its corollaries, the income distribution in any equilibrium is divided into J quantiles, with wealthier quantiles living in more preferred—higher x jδ +μ j —districts. In Appendix D, I show that this necessary condition is also sufficient for an assignment rule to be an equilibrium allocation. Here, I use these results to construct possible equilibria under different (δ , J) combinations....

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  • At the same time, by comparing over time, case studies document that well-executed investments can provide benefits. These accrue through four main channels, namely (i) social infrastructure, often supported by community development funds using land compensation; (ii) employment and jobs; (iii) access to markets and technology for local producers; and (iv) local or national tax revenue. In all cases, economic viability of investment is a necessary condition for positive social outcomes to materialize, including food security.

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  • Because the pixel vectors connecting with each other are the priority, these uncovered pixel vectors usually have the judgment upon the distance difference with the connected regions conducted to carry out region growing. It is the major reason why CSF is covered by GM and eroded. Therefore, it is necessary to modify the pixel vector, simultaneously calculate the distance difference with all the regions, and grow it into one of the regions with the minimum difference.

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  • The most unfair criticism of business folks is that they are just “marketers,” somewhat of a negative label in the tech sector. I think marketing gets a bad rap. In MBA terms, there are four Ps that define marketing: product, price, placement, and promotion. Defining the product and price is a creative process. The goal is to develop a product idea—sold for a profit—that matches the needs of the targeted customer. Research, analysis, and creative work are necessary in order to succeed.

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Necessary and sufficient conditions for a class of functions and their reciprocals to be logarithmically completely monotonic

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  • The strong growth of credit in both cases, however, does not mean that domestic credit was the only source for finance of enterprises. In both cases, retained savings by the enterprises played an important role (in China today, these retained savings are an important factor to explain the high national saving rate). However, it can well be argued that the strong credit creation is a necessary condition for profit growth in an economy: Only if credit creation helps to maintain a high level of aggregate demand, firms will be able to make sufficient profits in the aggregate.

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  • A degree of distance, industrially, from the Hollywood studio system often appears to be a necessary condition for substantial formal or socio-political departure from the dominant norms. Lower budgets and less marketing-driven filmmaking generally permit greater licence. But this can be relative. How, exactly, any individual title is marked as sufficiently different from the Hollywood mainstream to qualify as independent is subject to numerous variations explored in detail in this book.

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  • When can a d-dimensional rectangular box R be tiled by translates of two given d-dimensional rectangular bricks B1 and B2? We prove that R can be tiled by translates of B1 and B2 if and only if R can be partitioned by a hyperplane into two sub-boxes R1 and R2 such that Ri can be tiled by translates of the brick Bi alone (i = 1, 2). Thus an obvious sufficient condition for a tiling is also a necessary condition. (However, there may be tilings that do not give rise to a bipartition of R.)

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  • The pace of change in our personal and business lives continues to accelerate at an ever increasing rate. Accordingly, it is necessary to periodically update information in a long-running reference such as Handbook for Vegetable Growers. Our goal in this revision is to provide up-to-date information on vegetable crops for growers, students, extension personnel, crop consultants, and all those concerned with commercial production and marketing of vegetables.

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  • Neoclassical economics and several management theories assume that the corporation’s objective is profit maximization subject to capacity constraints. The central focus is shareholders as the ultimate residual claimant, providing the necessary financial capital for the firm’s operations (Jensen and Meckling, 1976; Zingales, 2000). However, there is substantial variation in how corporations actually compete and pursue profit maximization.

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  • Contents 9 Sample path properties of local times 9.1 Bounded discontinuities 9.2 A necessary condition for unboundedness 9.3 Sufficient conditions for continuity 9.4 Continuity and boundedness of local times 9.5 Moduli of continuity 9.6 Stable mixtures 9.7 Local times for certain Markov chains 9.8 Rate of growth of unbounded local times 9.9 Notes and references p-variation 10.1 Quadratic variation of Brownian motion 10.2 p-variation of Gaussian processes 10.3 Additional variational results for Gaussian processes 10.4 p-variation of local times 10.

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Research Article Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for the Existence of Positive Solution for Singular Boundary Value Problems on Time Scales

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  • In the foregoing section, we have studied the character of plants and the laws which govern their growth. We learned that one necessary condition for growth is a fertile soil, and therefore we will examine the nature of different soils, in order that we may understand the relations between them and plants. What is a fixed character of

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